What is the difference between alcohol and liquor?
Alcohol is a substance found in alcoholic drinks, while liquor is a name for these drinks. So for example one might say "I'm drinking liquor, which contains alcohol."
Liquor is a beverage that contains alcohol. Not all alcoholic beverages are liquors though, beer, wine, malt beverages all contain alcohol but are not liquors. To be a liquor the beverage must be distilled from one of the fermented beverages mentioned above. Liquors have a much higher proof rating (200 proof is 100% alcohol, 40 proof is 20% alcohol, 1 proof is a 1/2 %) usually around 40 proof, although Bacardi 151 is famous for being 151 proof (75.5%) and some moonshines are higher even. Also not all alcohol is ethanol (the kind you can drink) isopropyl is a different alcohol (rubbing alcohol) and it is not potable!
The exact meaning of liquor has changed over time. Decades ago, liquor often referred to beer and wine in addition to distilled spirits. Hence, the term liquor is somewhat ambiguous.
Is there a difference in the concentration of alcohol in beer when it is sold in a grocery store versus a liquor store in Iowa?
Is it true that Switching between beer wine and liquor will make a person more impaired than sticking to one type of alcohol?
Liquor is any non-brewed alcohol. Spirits are specific liquors that have flavors. Vodka, gin, tequila, triple sec, and rum are bases, not spirits. Sambucca (tastes like liquorish) and Creme de Cocao (tastes like chocolate) are two spirits. Originally, when the word came about in the 1920s, spirits meant all liquor. Today, bartenders use the word for this specific purpose.
Champagne is about 13% alcohol. A bottle is typically 750 mL, meaning 97.5 mL of that is pure alcohol. A shot of liquor is 44.36 mL, though a shot of whiskey, tequila, or vodka is typically only 40% pure alcohol. This means a shot is only 17.74 mL of pure alcohol. Thus a bottle of champagne is the equivalent of 5.5 shots of liquor. Since a fifth of liquor holds about 17 shots, a bottle…