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Public administration has to do with government policy and preparation of civil servants. Its purpose is to advance management and policies so that the government can function.

Development administration has to do with economic development and often involves bureaucrats. The aim of plans, policies, and projects is to reach socio-economic goals

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11y ago
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10y ago

New public management (NPM) denotes broadly the government policies, since the 1980s, that aimed to modernise and render more effective the public sector. The basic hypothesis holds that market oriented management of the public sector will lead to greater cost-efficiency for governments, without having negative side-effects on other objectives and considerations.

New Public Administration is an anti-positivist, anti-technical, and anti-hierarchical reaction against traditional public administration. New Public Administration traces it origins to the first Minnowbrook Conference held in 1968 under the patronage of Dwight Waldo. The 1960s in the USA was a time of unusual social and political turbulence and upheaval. In this context, Waldo concluded that neither the study nor the practice of public administration was responding suitably to the escalating turmoil and the complications that arose from those conditions.NPA is a revisionary movement that seeks to reinvigorate Public Administration making it more responsive to meet the challenges of contemporary times. It seeks to revitalise the state focusing on its relevance, equity, values, change and client-orientation.

NPM is a movement that seeks to reinvent the role of state, applying management philosophy to administration. It says - the less the govt the better the govt. It rational is that govts should be more business like (thread of Woodrow Wilson's vision), should be net earner's and not spenders.N.P.A focused on a role for public administration nd more pro-active role of the state.. it is also focus on participation, decntralization, mutual co-existense nd social equity.. N.P.A has 3 important attacks to PA

(1) relevance

(2) values

(3)social equity.


N.P.M is a management philosophy used by governments since the 1980s to modernise the public sector nd it is based on neo-liberalism philosophy which views citizens as a clients nd provides them various alternatives for choice, it emphasise to the market model of govrnance. it believes in 3Es

(1) economy

(2) efficiency

(3) effectiveness.

N.P.M addresses beneficiaries of public services much like customers.. The keywords for NPA are Relevance, Values, Social Equity & Change. The advocates of NPA had a complaint from the traditional PA that it was not relevant to the current needs of the society. It was value-neutral. No concern for social equity & taking care of the underprivileged. Hence NPA began under Dwight Waldo.

NPM on the other hand seeks to introduce the element of 'market-orientation' in PA. Called for roll-back of the state & more role for the market. Hence increase competition in the process. Keywords are - Economy, Efficiency & Effectiveness.

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Q: What is the difference between new public administration and new public management?
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What is the Difference between Public Management and Public Administration?As you explore the field of public administration, you may find the terms, public management and public administration used interchangeably. Nevertheless, are these terms interchangeable? If not, then what is the difference between public management andpublic administration? Is there enough difference to make it a consideration in choosing your field of study in preparation for public administration jobs? On the other hand, is the new and different public management label an attempt to give administration more relevance in today’s society?Amaster in public administrationis obviously a field of study. Public works administration is also defined as both a field of study and profession. According to some definitions, public management looks closely at the implementation of policies, procedures, and actions of administration in light of management in private and non-profit sectors. Public works administration traditionally has been connected to government offices or public service.Administration is most often concerned with determining goals, objectives, and purpose while management functions to achieve the goals set by the administration. In an effort to overhaul government administration there have been efforts to blend these two aspects supporting the use of both administration and management interchangeably.This new administration explains the conflict or confusion sometimes experienced in clearly defining public works administration today. Public administration jobs may include aspects of both administration and management. The flexibility of study involved Masters in Public Administration gives you the background, knowledge, and versatility to handle this challenging field. While this diversity within studies for masters in public administration make it difficult to differentiate between administration and management, it also embraces techniques, theories, and planning from private management that places an emphasis on relationships between organizations, as well as relationships among those assigned the task of meeting the goals and objectives of various public service programs. Is this new public management or simply an evolution in growth necessary to adapt new technology and techniques to accomplish goals set by administration? The answer may depend on the organization in which you are involved.A closer look at administration and management reveals various degrees of difference:·Administration:Determines policy, procedures, goals and objectives·Management:Carries follows or carries out the policy, procedures, goals, and objectives set by administration.·Administration:Is usually a top-level authority·Management:Is usually a middle-level authority·Administration:Has long been connected with government office, military organization, or educational organization.·Management:Has long been connected with business enterprises in the private or non-profit sectors.·Administration:Has been traditionally seen as making decisions based on politics, public opinion, or government policies·Management:Has been traditionally seen as making decisions based on personal values, opinions of managers, or the value to the bottom line profits.·Administration:Handles the business of the organization.·Management:Handles the relationships among employees.No doubt, administration and management will be used interchangeably in some situations. For individuals currently exploring or having already obtaineda Masters in Public Administration, there will continue to be evolving definitions as more public administration jobs join forces with non-profit and private enterprise to meet their goals and objective efficiently.You may even find yourself in a unique position to shape those definitions for local community, state, or national organizations. Any public service venture does require components of both administration and management to accomplish their mission. Public service organizations and non-profit groups as well as private businesses will continue to join forces. The most important point to remember is to not get so concerned over agreeing on an exact definition that you lose track of the goals the platform that public service has to offer that can make a real difference in your communities.

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