What is the difference between typography and calligraphy?

Typography is the study of type. Currently it is computer-based, and deals with type from a publishing/art standpoint. For a given project, for example, this would include selecting the font, the spacing of the lines, and general layout of the writing. It may be helpful to distinguish this from calligraphy by remembering that typesetting used to be done by craftsmen using letters on metal pieces stamped by a machineand arranging them to be printed on a press. Calligraphy is the study of letters as art as well, but calligraphy is hand-drawn lettering, using specific types of pens. Calligraphy may also include designing new fonts. typography in italics typography in italics