What is the distance for all the planets from the sun?
Mercury - 0.38 AU
Venus - 0.95 AU
Earth - 1 AU
Mars - 1.52 AU
Jupiter - 5.2 AU
Saturn - 9.54 AU
Uranus - 19.19 AU
Neptune - 30 AU
What is the relationship between a planet's distance from the sun and the temperature of the planet?
In general the planets closer to the Sun are warmer. The temperature of the planets depends on the atmosphere of the planet more than the distance from the sun. Hypothetically, though, if all the planets had identical atmospheres, the temperature of each planet would be directly proportional to the distance from the sun.
There is no standard, fixed answer as the distances will keep changing all the time as the planets remain in their unique orbits. The minimum and maximum distances will vary as sometimes the planet in question will be on the other side of the solar system (planets distance from sun + Earth distance from sun), while at the minimum distance, the planet will be in alignment with the Earth (Earths distance from sun minus planets…
The two planets that have orbits that neighbor Jupiter's are Saturn and Mars. The maximum distance of Mars form the Sun is 249,209,300 km The maximum distance of Jupiter form the Sun is 816,520,800 km The maximum distance of Saturn from the Sun is 1,513,325,783 km From this you can work out the distance they would be apart if they were all at their maximum distance and all lined up on the same side of…
The inner planets listed in order from closest to the sun are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars. They are called the inner planets because they are all within 1.52 AU of the Sun, whereas the Jovian planets are at a distance of 5+ AU. One AU is equal to the average distance between the Sun and the Earth or 93,000,000 miles.
Because they are farther away from the sun, and the sun is what they revolve around, so they have a longer distance to go. That obviously makes the day longer on that planet, along with all other time measurements. Some planets take longer to revolve because of their distance to the sun. The further a planet is, the more distance it has to cover and the weaker the sun's gravitational pull is. Planets farther away…
What did Kepler discover about the distance of the planets from the sun and the length of their orbits?
There is a relationship between the planets distance from the sun and the time taken for one orbit (planets year), described in Keplars third law. The square root of the time taken to orbit the sun is proportional to the cube of the average distance between the sun. for the planets in our solar system; PlanetAverage distance from sun in kmDays to orbit sunYears to orbit sunMercury57,909,17587.970.24Venus108,208,930224.700.62Earth149,597,890365.261.00Mars227,936,640686.971.88Jupiter778,412,0104331.5711.86Saturn1,426,725,40010759.2229.46Uranus2,870,972,20030799.1084.32Neptune4,498,252,90060190.00164.79
Why would it be wrong to use the same scale to show both the relative size of planets and their distance from the sun?
Not all the planets orbit the sun - other stars have planets too. But all the planets in our solar system, which is the system of our sun, revolve around the sun; otherwise they would be in other solar systems. All the planets we can see with our naked eye orbit the sun, since the planets orbiting the sun are the only ones close enough to earth to see without a telescope.
More or less, but not entirely. All planets move around the Sun in elipses; the Sun is at one of the elipse's focal points. In the case of Earth, the changes in distance to the Sun are not very significant; for example, the seasons are caused by the tilting of the Earth's axis; the effect of the varying distance to the Sun is negligible.
The four outer planets; Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune are all much larger than the inner planets. These outer planets have no real surface, they are composed mainly of Hydrogen and helium gas, which gets thicker and thicker until the extreme pressures closer to the core of the planets change the state of the gases. The outer planets are much colder than the inner planets due to their distance from the sun, they take much…
Because all of the planets are orbiting the SUN, the distance between Earth and the other planets are always changing. Take Venus, for example. Right now, Venus is between the Sun and Earth, so the distance to Venus is only about 40 million miles. In about 8 months, when Venus is on the other side of the Sun from us, the distance will be more like 130 million miles. There is a free planetarium program…