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Q: What is the effect of electric field on dielectric material?
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What is the definition of the term dielectric?

'Dielectric' is often used in a general sense to refer to a material (such as ceramic, mica, plastic or paper) which is a poor conductor of electricity. This term is used in the classical description of a capacitor -- two electric conductors separated by a dielectric. By applying electric charge to one conductor an electric field is created. The dielectric allows the electric field to pass through it and affect the other conductors; however the dielectric prevents electrons from flowing between the conductors, so the electric field remains (and the charge remains stored on the conductor). [Side note for beginners: An electric field creates a force (measured in Volts) upon an electron or charged particle which tends to make it move. The conductor allows electrons to move easily within it. The dielectric resists the movement of electrons in it.] More generally, we speak of a 'Dielectric Field' as a mathematic description of how electric charge influences the properties of the space around it. The Dielectric field interacts with space and with any material in the space to create an 'Electric Field'. In simple terms, the electric field at any point is the product of the dielectric field at that point and the 'Dielectric Constant' of the material at that point. In more general terms, the 'electric field vector' at a point is the tensor product of the 'dielectric field vector' and the 'dielectric tensor' of the material at that point. The dielectric field is not a measurable entity, but rather a mathematical tool that allows us accurately to model the electric field, which is measurable. The article on Dielectrics at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dielectric provides more description, especially on the dielectric field model.


Why does the electric field inside a dielectric decrease when it is placed in an external electric field?

The net electric field inside a dielectric decreases due to polarization. The external electric field polarizes the dielectric and an electric field is produced due to this polarization. This internal electric field will be opposite to the external electric field and therefore the net electric field inside the dielectric will be less.


What will happen to the electric field when a dielectric is placed?

The electric field is weakened when a dielectric is inserted.


What is dielectric strength?

The dielectric strength refers to the maximum working voltage that a material can withstand without breaking down. At breakdown the electric field frees bound electrons turning the material into a conductor.


What is the unit of dielectric strength?

In SI, the unit of dielectric strength is volts per meter (V/m). In U.S. customary units, dielectric strength is often specified in volts per mil.In physics, dielectric strength 2 meanings:Of an insulating material, the maximum electric field that a pure material can withstand under ideal conditions without breaking down.For a specific configuration of dielectric material and electrodes, the minimum applied electric field that results in breakdown.


What is dielectric stress?

The dielectric stress is the stress placed upon a material when a voltage is placed across it.


What is the Electric field inside a Dielectric?

E = Eo/k k is dielectric constant


Why is the dielectric constant value of covalent compounds is low?

because the covalent compounds are non-polar and when they are placed in the electric field so no effect is created on the field.


What is dielectric matter?

An electrical insulator that can be polarized by an external electric field.


What is relative permitivity?

It is the element by which the electric field between the charges is diminished in respect to vacuum. In like manner, relative permittivity is the proportion of the capacitance of a capacitor utilizing that material as a dielectric, contrasted with a comparative capacitor that has vacuum as its dielectric.


What is the effect of temperature on dielectric constant of a dielectric?

Usually, dielectric materials have permanent dipoles. As temperature increases, the molecules in the dielectric have more thermal energy and therefore, the amplitude of random motion is greater. This means that the molecules are less closely aligned with each other (even in the presence of an electric field). Hence, the dielectric constant reduces.


What is a dielectric?

In physics, a dielectric is an insulating (or very poorly conducting) material. The material can be solid, liquid or gaseous. When a voltage difference is applied to top and bottom of a cylinder filled with a dielectric, no current will flow inside the cylinder because, unlike metals, a dielectric has no free-or loosely bound-electrons that can drift through the material. Instead, electric polarization occurs. The positive charges within the dielectric are displaced minutely in the direction of lower voltage, and the negative charges are displaced minutely in the opposite direction. When the molecules constituting the dielectric are polar (like water molecules), the molecules will align in the field, thus contributing to the electric polarization. Inside the cylinder no net charge density will arise because the charges in adjacent volume elements cancel. However, at the top and bottom of the cylinder an uncanceled surface charge will appear, and this surface charge (positive at the low voltage side and negative at the high voltage side) will oppose the electric field associated with the voltage difference. Thus, the polarization of the dielectric reduces the electric field inside the dielectric. Dielectric material is characterized by an intrinsic property called relative permittivity, usually denoted by εr (formerly this was known as the dielectric constant). The relative permittivity describes the ease of the polarization of the material and determines the size of the surface charge densities at the top and bottom of the cylinder. The Coulomb force between two permanent electric point charges placed inside a dielectric medium is 1/εr smaller than it would be in a vacuum due to the polarization of the dielectric medium by the point charges. The quantity of electric energy stored per unit volume of a dielectric medium is proportional to εr. The capacitance of a capacitor filled with a dielectric is a factor εr greater than it would be in vacuum. Reference: http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/DielectricDielectric is a substance that can transport electricity without conducting it.