What is the purpose of physical education?

The role and purpose of physical education within the school curriculum is one of much debate. Though, despite the common misconception it's role is not to teach sport. The purpose of PE is to physically educate, by combining cognitive thinking skills and physical movement. The subject therefore uses sporting activities as a vehicle to do this. Physical literacy is only one component of physical education, many other facets of the subject should be common place within schools, such as knowledge and understanding of anatomical and physiological structure and function, the ability to; develop skills, make and apply decisions, develop physical and mental capacity to succeed, evaluate and improve performance, and most importantly promote and understand the importance of a healthy and active lifestyle. The contexts in which these are taught can range from traditional sports to exercise programs and classroom learning.