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What is the strongest type of electromagnet?


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March 03, 2008 11:38AM

The strongest type of electromagnets are superconducting electromagnets. Usually these superconducting electromagnets are immersed in liquid nitrogen or liquid helium to cool them to near absolute zero. === === For non-superconducting electromagnets, the strongest electromagnets would have the greatest ampere turns over a large area. The core of the magnet would be a highly ferromagnetic material, such as iron, or a mixture of a ferrite and a ceramic. Very strong electromagnets used for lifting machinery have both poles on the bottom side which will maximize the magnetic field produced. Non-superconducting electromagnets will saturate and stop producing magnetic fields at about 2 teslas or so. This is the limit of magnetic strength of ordinary electromagnets.