What is the term for the scientific study of the universe?
That is called "astronomy".
Cosmology or astronomy are the scientific studies of the universe. Cosmology, is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe. Astronomy is the study of celestial objects, the physics, chemistry, and evolution of such objects, and phenomena that originate outside the atmosphere of Earth.
You are probably going for the term cosmology, which is the study of the universe as it is now. This study includes all of the mass of the universe, but not in the sense of focusing on the study of individual things on the micro level. Cosmology can deals with theories of the development and possible end of the universe. The technical term for the study of the origins of the universe is cosmogony, although…
Astronomy is the scientific study of the Universe: what is out there in space, how old the Universe is, what will be its future, etc. Astrology is a set of beliefs about mysterious influences the stars or planets have on us. This is not based on any scientific method, and is really just superstition. By the way, the people who study each of the discipline would be called "astronomers" and "astrologers"
Astrology studies the influence that the planets and stars have on the affairs of Earth. Astronomy is the scientific study of the known universe and everything that comprises it. Although at one time they were conjoined studies, astrology has fallen out of the scientific sphere because it can not be proven via the scientific method. Besides that, astrology is very philosophical in nature.
Astrobiology is the study of, and search for life on other planets (extraterrestrial life); astrobiology is also the study of the origin of the universe and the possibility, in the future, of finding other life, as noted above. Astrobiology or exobiology. Study of the origin, distribution, and destiny of life in the universe. Astrobiology is the study of life within the universe. Astrobiologists study how life forms and develops, and where life can be found…
Yes. They put satellites so they can explore the places on Earth that they don't know yet. Astronomy is the scientific study of the universe. They launch rockets and space shuttles because they want to learn about the universe. Yes, astronauts do study astronomy. Astro- means the outer space and the suffix naut comes from the word aeronaut which an airship pilot.