Charleston was the capital of the Carolina colony. In 1788 Columbia became the new state capital of the young US state. The original capitol building still stands in Charleston as the Charleston County Courthouse (1792) in the downtown area.
State (pop., 2000: 4,012,012), southeastern U.S. It covers 31,113 sq mi (80,583 sq km) and is an original state of the Union; its capital is Columbia. South Carolina is bounded on the north by North Carolina and on the southwest by Georgia; the Atlantic Ocean is to the southeast.