When did California establish public schools?
When CA became a state on Sept. 9, 1850 is was a requirement in the charter that public schools be founded. Some all ready existed in the gold mining camps. Today you can visit Columbia State Park ( which is a real gold mining town) and visit the one room schoolhouse. Before the American revolution public schools were founded and required in every township with a certain population. George Washington stated that to have a democratic government that the population needed to educated to maintain that government.