When did the space race take place?
It began in Oct 1957 when Russia launched Sptunik; it ended in July 1969 when America landed on the moon.
The space race took place due to the cold war. It was the U.S. tring to prove it's will power to the USSR. The U.S. won proving they wouldn't be over taken by a comunist country. Although the USSR in the start had the upper hand due to Sputnik. The U.S. quickly retalated with a simmular satlite one oz. lighter and one inch smaller.
While it has been a costly endeavor, space exploration has produced substantial rewards. Many of the radical technological advancements that we take for granted today were the by-product of the race to explore space. Cellular phones and satellite television are just two of these notable achievements.