Where is Azerbaijan located?

Azerbaijan straddles the border between Europe and Asia in the Caucasus region with an east coast on the Caspian Sea. It borders Russia to the north, Georgia and Armenia to the west, and Iran (proper) to the south.

Azerbaijan was divided between the Russian Empire and the Persian Empire by the Treaty of Ghulistan in 1813. As such not all of Azerbaijan is inside the independent Republic of Azerbaijan (independent from Russia* since 1992).

Currently Azerbaijan is divided between Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. The larger portion of Azerbaijan currently lies within the borders of Iran and this Iranian administered area is divided into thee provinces, namely; East Azerbaijan, West Azerbaijan and Ardabil.

*Note - the Russian Empire was called the U.S.S.R. between about 1922 and 1992.