Asked in New Testament
Which gospel was the first to be written and where was it written?
A widely held tradition is that Mark's Gospel was probably written in Rome, probably because of the two traditions that Mark was related to Peter and that Peter travelled to Rome to lead the Christians there. However, the Gospel was originally anonymous and was only attributed to thae apostle Mark around 130 CE.
Had Mark's Gospel been written in Rome for gentiles, the first choice of language would certainly have been Latin, and there is evidence in Mark's Gospel that its author knew Latin. In fact, it can be assumed that even members of the Jewish community living in Rome would have been able to speak Latin. Mark's Gospel was written in neither Latin nor classical Greek, but in Greek Koine, the lingua franca of the Hellenistic Near East. This alone points to the Gospel being written in the east, from Asia Minor to Mesopotamia, perhaps the gentile communities of Palestine, or Egypt.