Who invented Christmas?
The term Christmas is derived from the original Catholic term "Christ's Mass." The holiday itself though, does not come from the Bible or any of the teachings of either Jesus, or the apostles. McClintock and Strong's Cyclopedia says: The observance of Christmas is not of divine appointment, nor is it of N[ew] T[estament] origin. The day of Christ's birth cannot be ascertained from the N[ew] T[estament], or, indeed, from any other source. The New Catholic Encyclopedia acknowledges: The date of Christ's birth is not known. The Gospels indicate neither the day nor the month."
The date December 25, was selected by the Catholic Church over 300 years after Jesus' death. The book Celebrations: The Complete Book of American Holidays by Robert J. Myers says: Prior to the celebration of Christmas, December 25 in the Roman world was the Natalis Solis Invicti, the Birthday of the Unconquerable Sun. This feast, which took place just after the winter solstice of the Julian calendar, was in honor of the Sun God, Mithras. The Encyclopedia Americana informs us: The reason for establishing December 25 as Christmas is somewhat obscure, but it is usually held that the day was chosen to correspond to pagan festivals that took place around the time of the winter solstice, when the days begin to lengthen, to celebrate the rebirth of the sun. The Roman Saturnalia (a festival dedicated to Saturn, the god of agriculture, and to the renewed power of the sun), also took place at this time, and some Christmas customs are thought to be rooted in this ancient pagan celebration.
According to Biblical evidence surrounding his birth,Jesus could not have born in the wintertime, but is thought to have born in the fall, perhaps October. Furthermore, the practice of Christmas gift giving is not based on what was done by the Magi (or wise men). They did not arrive at the time of Jesus' birth. The scriptures indicate that Jesus was a young child, possibly as much as two years old, living in a house by the time they arrived. Furthermore, they gave gifts, not to one another, but to the child Jesus, which was the custom of the day when visiting notable persons. The Encyclopedia Americana states: During the Saturnalia feasting prevailed, and gifts were exchanged. So Christmas comes from the Pagan festivals to the sun god that occurred on and near December 25. In an attempt persuade pagans to accept the Catholic faith, the church took the celebration of the Saturnalia and other festivals, renamed it "Christ's Mass," and declared it "Christian." Other aspects of Christmas were adopted in later from other Pagan sources, such as the Christmas tree, the mistletoe, and the wreath, which were viewed by Pagans as symbols of fertility and life. So, in answer to the question,"Who invented Christmas?", the Pagans invented the holiday, with all of its customs, and the early Catholic church renamed it, so that today it is called "Christmas."