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Russia is credited with the first man-made satellite. "Sputnik," a 183-pound, 22-inch sphere, was launched on October 4, 1957. Sputnik was not invented by any one person but was the result of a long collaboration of Russian scientists. Sputnik refers both to the satellite and the program for its launch.

The concept of the satellite was proposed by Isaac newton. Arthur C Clarke is credited with the idea of the communications satellite.

Sergei Korolev is considered the father of the Soviet space program. He is the one who convinced Kruschev to permit the use of the original R5 ICBM to launch Sputnik into orbit. At the time, the American "Vanguard" rocket was designed to orbit a satellite weighing about 1.8 pounds. Sputnik weighed 183 pounds.

A few months later the Soviets launched Laika, a dog, into orbit, in a satellite that weighed half a ton. Sputnik itself was quite a shock, but this half ton capsule meant the soviets could easily drop a nuclear bomb anywhere on the earth in about 90 minutes. Kruschev also (falsely) bragged he could roll R1 rockets off his assembly line like they were kolbasa (sausages).

Korolev was such a valuable asset to the Soviets that they refused to allow him to wear a uniform or any of the medals he had been awarded. He had the Order of Lenin, Russia's highest medal, but was never permitted to wear it.

Sputnik was predominantly Korolev's idea.

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โˆ™ 2011-09-14 16:43:04
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Q: Who invented the first satellite and the space program?
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Related questions

When was the space probe invented?

The first space probe was the satellite Sputnik I launched in 1957.


Which country invented the space Shuttle?

USA but Russia was the first to make a satellite.


Who invented space probes?

The Russians launched the first artificial satellite, or space probe, on October 4, 1957.


Which acountry was the first country to put a satellite in space?

Russia put the first satellite into space. The satellite's name is sputnik 1


Who invented the first satillite?

The first man made satellite was launched into space in 1957. It was put there by a consortium of Russian scientists. No specific person is credited with the invention of the first satellite.


Which NASA member invented the Artificial Satellite?

NASA didn't even exist when the Russians put the first artificial satellite (Sputnik) into space


What was the first satellite in space?

The Sputnik was the first satellite in Space. It was sent by the Soviet Union October 4, 1957.


What was the name of the first space shuttle or satellite to be sent in space from Earth?

The USSR's Sputnik was the first artificial satellite.


Did the USSR launch the first space satellite?

The Soviet Union launched the world's first space satellite in 1957


What country launched the first satellite?

Russia was the first to launch a satellite into space, this satellite was called Sputnick.


Did the US launch first satellite into space?

No. The first satellite to be launched into space was Sputnik, launched by the Soviet Union in 1957.


What innovation was linked to the advances made in the space program?

Satellite communications- Apex


First artificial satellite in space?

The first artificial satellite in space was called the Sputnik. The Sputnik satellite was launched on the 4th of October, 1957. It belonged to the Soviet Union.


Who invented aryabhattthe first satellite from India?

Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai......the father of Indian space research programme


When was the first thing sent into space?

the first thing is go to space is satellite


What does term PSP means in space science?

Private Satellite Program


When was the first space shuttle invented?

The first space shuttle invented was the space shuttle enterprise.


When was the first space satellite sent in to space?

October, 1957.


What is the name of the first earth-orbiting satellite launched into space?

The first satellite launched into space was the Sputnik I, but before that have you ever considered the fact that a satellite is any object that orbits a heavenly body? The VERY first satellite was in fact the moon. But the first MAN-MADE satellite was Sputnik I launched by USSR.


What was the name of the first satellite in space made by the Russians?

Sputnik-1 was the first satellite in space made by the Russians, it was launched 4th October 1957.


When was the first saterlite in space?

The first satellite in space was the Russian Sputnik, launched in 1957.


When did the US send its first satellite into space?

The United States sent its first satellite into space on February 1, 1958. The satellite was called Explorer 1, and the duration of its mission was 111 days.


When did the first satellite get into space?

The first satellite, Sputnik 1, was launched into orbit around the Earth in 1957.


What did the moon landing contribute to society?

The space program has given us many things. One of the major inventions is the computer. Without the space program I don't think our computers would be sitting on our desks or in our laps. Corning Ware is another product of the space program, space blankets is also one. Many times things are invented for military use and then it filters down to the general population. A good example is GPS. It is in our cars, but it was made for the military first. The fact we have satellite TV is another space program by product. So, look around you and think of the many things you have that came out of the science for the space program.


In the space program what is Tellstar?

A telephone relay satellite. Here's a NASA page on it:

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