Who started the welfare state in the UK?
The Liberal government of 1906-14 established a kind of 'poor
person's welfare state'. Provision was wretched (for example, a
weekly pension of five shillings for the over-70s) and very patchy.
Welfare was expanded in the inter-war period, partly as a result of
the Great Depression. It is Attlee's government of 1945-51 that it
usually credited with the foundation of the modern welfare