US Civil War
African-American History

Who thought that Dred Scott should have been free?

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Answered 2009-10-01 14:23:46

Dred Scott, himself, thought that he should be free after being a resident of a free state, Illinois, which was created under the anti-slavery conditions of the Northwest Ordinance. Scott also lived for an extended period at Ft. Snelling, in the Wisconsin Territories, federal land that also prohibited slavery.

Abolitionists, most of whom were in the northern, midwestern, and eastern parts of the country, believed all slaves should be emancipated.

At least four of the judges who adjudicated the Dred Scott v. Sanford case (the District Court judge, one of the three appeals court judges, and two US Supreme Court justices) and the jury at the original trial agreed not just Scott, but his entire family, were already legally free, under the "once free, always free" doctrine many courts respected at the time.

Unfortunately, prior to the Civil War, those who believed in slavery held more power in government than those who wished to abolish the institution.

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Why did the Dred Scott case prove to be so damaging?

The court decision stated that slaves were property. This had been thought, but not made into law.

What are facts about dred Scott?

His master unwisely took him into free soil, and then back into slave country. If Dred wanted his freedom, he should have applied for it on free soil, where it would have been granted automatically.

Did Dred Scott want secession?

Dred Scott may not have had an opinion on secession, because he may have been unaware of national political issues. If he did have an opinion, it doesn't appear to be recorded.

What movie and television projects has Dred Scott been in?

Dred Scott has: Performed in "SeaMen: Fallen Angel IV" in 2001. Played Dred Scott in "Trespass" in 2002. Performed in "Gorge" in 2002. Played The warden in "Slammer" in 2002. Performed in "Detour" in 2002. Performed in "Exhibition" in 2003. Performed in "Carny" in 2003. Performed in "Dred" in 2004.

Why did Dred Scott feel he should be free?

Because he had lived on free soil for some years, where he would have been entitled to his freedom automatically. But he had not applied for it at that time.

What were the three questions the Dred Scott case had to deal with?

Dred Scott was an African-American slave who unsuccessfully sued for his family's freedom. The three questions involved in the Dred Scott case are: 1. Can a slave who has been transported to a "free state" become free? 2. Can a slave sue in Federal Court? 3. Is a slave a citizen of the United States?

What did the dred scott supreme court case decide?

It was about the ruling of an african american who had been a slave in one state and then his owner moved and it was regarding whether or not he was free when he was in illinois (which was free) after the owner died Dred Scott was the african american and lost the case

Did the 13th Amendment explicitly overrule Dred Scott v Sandford?

No. The 13th amendment does prohibit slavery but i was not a amendment at the time until 8 years after the case. Dred Scott did not win the case and became property of his owner again.Another Perspective:By the time the Thirteenth Amendment was ratified in 1865, Dred Scott had been dead seven years, so he didn't personally benefit from the change. The Thirteenth Amendment set aside the precedent established in Dred Scott v. Sandford, (1857), however, so yes, you could say it overturned the Dred Scott decision because the ruling could no longer be applied, enforced or cited as precedent in future cases.Case Citation:Dred Scott v. Sandford*, 60 US 393 (1857)

Why did Dred Scott believe he had a right to be free?

Dred Scott had been the slave of a US Army surgeon and the surgeon died in a free state. Because he had no living master and was located in a free state, he believed that he was now free and not subject to be returned to his late owner's wife.

What reason did dred scott give to argue that he was a free man?

That he had been taken on to free soil, where his freedom would have been granted automatically if he had applied for it at that time.

What did Dred Scott base his claim for freedom?

That he had once lived on free soil, where his freedom would have been granted automatically, if he had applied for it then.

How would the controversy over slavery have been affected if the supreme court had ruled in favor of dred Scott?

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What effect did Dred Scott court case have on Dred Scott's freedom and on The Missouri Compromise?

The Dred Scott case decision in 1857 by the US Supreme Court did not actively effect the 1850 Missouri Compromise. The Compromise had been negated by the Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854.What was effected was the Court's ruling that the US Congress could not pass legislation on slavery. Slavery was property and was constitutional according to the ruling of the Court. Scott never became a freeman.

What role did dred Scott play in the civil war?

His file suit (the Dred Scott VS John Stanford or Dred Scott Decision) tried to give him his freedom. He said that since he was in a free state shouldn't he also be free? But when Taney overruled him in the court his opinion was that black men were not citizens. Abolitionists were outraged and even though Taney had been working for 29 years his reputation was ruined due to his opinions even after the jury ruled that Scott be free. This decision pushed the states further into the Civil War.

What day and month was Dred Scott born?

His exact date of birth hasn't been documented. Sorry. The year he was born is about 1799 though.

How does the Dred Scott case fit into the causes of the US Civil War?

It was a very important case that polarized the nation. Dred Scott was a slave who sued for his freedom because his owner, an army doctor, had moved with him from a slave state to a free state. Because he now lived in a state that did not have slavery, he believed he should be set free. But the Supreme Court, the majority of whose judges favored slavery, disagreed. They ruled in 1857 that Dred Scott was still a slave no matter where his owner lived, since the Constitution had not established that black people were full citizens. Under the law of that time, Dred Scott was considered the property of his owner, and as such, he had no right to freedom. This decision infuriated residents of free states, and it was also offensive to the abolitionist movement. The Dred Scott decision became one of a number of incidents that led to the Civil War.

What was the argument given by Dred Scott?

Dred Scott was a slave who reckoned that he was entitled to his freedom because his master had taken him on to free soil before they both returned to slave country. If Scott had applied for his freedom while on free soil, he would have been granted it automatically. As it was, his status was in doubt, and the local judges ruled against him. He referred the matter higher, and it ended in the Supreme Court, with the controversial 'Dred Scott Decision' that appeared to invalidate the compromises that had been so carefully negotiated between North and South, for the purpose of avoiding war. There is no doubt that both Scott and his master had acted unwisely, and their actions helped to fuel the debate to a dangerous degree.

Who ruled the dred Scott case?

The Chief Justice was the elderly Roger B. Taney - ironically he'd been an abolitionist as a young man. But he'd become so reactionary that he gave his verdict according to how he thought the Founding Fathers would have viewed slavery in 1776.

What were some of dred Scott beliefs?

He had earlier been living on free soil, where his freedom would have been granted automatically, if he had applied for it. He felt that he was entitled to apply for it retrospecively, when he was back in slave country.

How would the controvoversy over slavery have been affected if the supreme court had ruled in favor of dred Scott?

The Abolitionists could claim that he was a special case. There would have been no big divisive issue.

Why did Dred Scott believe he was free?

Because he had once lived on free soil, where his freedom would have been granted automatically, if he had applied for it then. He didn't see why he couldn't apply for it retrospectively.

What was the US Supreme Court's decision in the Dred Scott case based on?

The Constitution - interpreted literally, in the manner in which it had originally been written, when African-Americans were not regarded as full citizens.

What was the significance of the dred Scott decision?

the dred scott case consists of great signifigance for many reasons. basically what happened was dred scotts master had said "once i die, you are all free" and so, once dred's master had passed on, he left the plantion thinking that he was now a free man. However, someone had found him, and turned him over to a judge as a a run away slave. Dred had explained to the judge what had happened, and that he was not breaking any laws, for he was now a free man. Dred demanded for rights. however, the judge had told him, "you are a slave. you have no rights" thus, he was forced back into slavery. so, the signifigance of this case is basically, that because of discrimination, a man who should have been free and who had served his sentance as a slave, was forced back into slavery all because of the color of his skin.

Who was Roger Taney's owner?

You mean who was Dred Scott's owner. (Taney was the Chief Justice who issued the Supreme Court verdict.) Scott had been owned by an army officer, who had since died. Scott was left as propertyin his will to the brother-in-law called Sandford.

How did Dred Scott vs Sanford get to the Supreme Court?

Because it was an unusual case of a slave trying to sue for his freedom retrospectively - that is, he had been taken on to free soil, and then back into slave country.

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