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Water does not have to be the stationary phase. It can be the diluent. Stationary phases are a wide array of substances. The stationary phase depends on the sample being analyzed.

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Q: Why H2O is stationary phase in chromatography?
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What does chromatography mean in science?

Chromatography is a way to separate mixtures. You start by dissolving your sample in a mobile phase. This mobile phase travels through a structure, the stationary phase. Depending on how much the compounds in the mixture like or dislike the stationary phase they will move at different speeds throughout the stationary phase. This allows for slower moving compounds to separate from fast moving compounds and allowing you to collect different compounds from a single mixture.


What are the advantages and limitations of column chromatography over thin layer chromatography?

TLC. The mobile phase is a liquid, the stationary phase is a solid. Useful for seperating and comparing mobility of solids and some liquids dissolved in the mobile phase by their affinities to the solid phase relative to the mobile phase. GLC. The mobile phase ia s gas, the stationary phase is a liquid on a solid support. same concept as TLC. useful for seperating gases by their affinities to the stationary phase...the mobility can then be compared to known compounds for possible identification.


What is the retardation factor?

In chemical chromatography, it is a measure of the relative mobility of components of a mixture through a stationary phase while experiencing the forces of a mobile eluent phase, based on relative intermolecular attractive forces and molecular size. In thin layer chromatography, is it the ratio of distance travelled by a component compared to the distance travelled by the eluent front from the point of contact with the mixture. In column chromatography, it is the fraction of the component in the mobile phase at equilibrium. By comparison, in gas chromatography, relative retention times on the stationary phase are measured and compared for the mixture components.


How water acts as stationary phase in paper chromatography -exact role?

The hydroxyl groups in the chromatography paper lead to the hydrogen bonding of water, which in turn leads to a water layer that forms the stationary phaseSource:PSU CHEMTREK by Stephen Thompson. Hayden-McNeil, 2009, Chapter 18-7


What is the basic physical principle that chromatography is based upon?

The principle behind Chromatography is :The rate of migration of the solute depends upon the rate of interaction of the solute with the two phases, one being the mobile phase and the other stationary phase as the compounds travel through the supporting medium.

Related questions

What is mobile and stationary phase in Chromatography?

Moblie phase is that phase in chromatography that moves the analyte components along with it. Stationary phase remains static during chromatography.


What are the principles and methods of high performance liquid chromatography and gel chromatography?

Liquid chromatography separation of multicomponant system according to diffrent interaction of dissolved componant with stationary phase. the stationary phase and mobile phase is very wide range


What is the difference between the stationary phase and the mobile phase in chromatography?

stationary phase stays at the bottom of the paper chromatography while mobile phase is moving on the stationary phase and move on stationary phase till it gets its right place on the top of the paper or somwhere else.


Principle of partition chromatography?

Chromatography in which separation is based mainly on differences be- tween the solubility of the sample components in the stationary phase (gas chromatography), or on differences between the solubilities of the compo- nents in the mobile and stationary phases (liquid chromatography)


What is the difference between partition chromatography and adsorption chromatography?

The partition chromatography involves separation between liquids while adsoption chromatography involves solid and liquid separations. Answer: Partition Chromatography is a liquid liquid extraction which involves two solvents while adsorption chromatography is a liquid solid extraction which involves a solid stationary phase & a liquid mobile phase.


Why chromatography is a physical process?

Chromatography is physical techniques for separation. The method involves the dissolution of the materials in a mobile phase, then forced through a stationary phase in which the components of the sample separate.


What is the significance of the stationary phase in gas chromatography?

The stationary phase is the medium that is used to react with the mobile phase. The molbile phase is sent through the column. The stationary phase is inside the column and reacts with your carrier liquid (mobile phase) which contains the sample that you want to be analyzed. Stationary phase is different for every column because you need different mediums for different tests.


What does chromatography mean in science?

Chromatography is a way to separate mixtures. You start by dissolving your sample in a mobile phase. This mobile phase travels through a structure, the stationary phase. Depending on how much the compounds in the mixture like or dislike the stationary phase they will move at different speeds throughout the stationary phase. This allows for slower moving compounds to separate from fast moving compounds and allowing you to collect different compounds from a single mixture.


What is the significance of TLC over paper chromatography?

Paper chromatography and TLC both use a solid stationary phase and liquid mobile phase. The only real difference is in the physical and chemical composition of the stationary phase. Paper chromatography uses a fibrous protein/polymer mesh (i.e. paper) as its stationary phase, TLC uses a compacted powder (usually silica or alumina) on a sealed backing.


What is Chromatography and what is it for?

Chromatography is an analytical method to separate the compounds from the two immiscible phases,one being a mobile phase and another being a stationary phase. It is used in petroleum industry,pharmaceutical industry.


What are the advantages and limitations of column chromatography over thin layer chromatography?

TLC. The mobile phase is a liquid, the stationary phase is a solid. Useful for seperating and comparing mobility of solids and some liquids dissolved in the mobile phase by their affinities to the solid phase relative to the mobile phase. GLC. The mobile phase ia s gas, the stationary phase is a liquid on a solid support. same concept as TLC. useful for seperating gases by their affinities to the stationary phase...the mobility can then be compared to known compounds for possible identification.


Why reverse phase chromatography is so called?

The first chromatography used was with polar stationary phase and non polar mobile phase, called normal phase. So, later when this was reversed by using polar mobile phase and non polar stationary phase was called reversed phase. Although reversed phase implies that it is less used, it is not the case. RPLC rose to success around the 1970s as NPLC dropped off.