from Martin at Yahoo Answers:
Like John Hasse said, the Lutherans made it 377 years and then split over insurance. What a load.
I think "WELS and Other Lutherans" state it best. "Lutheranism moved from Europe to America by means of a long series of migrations, which spanned three centuries. The immigrants founded dozens of Lutheran church bodies, which preached the gospel in nearly a dozen languages. Through the years these groups experienced a bewildering array of mergers, splits and reconciliations." Also remember that the Evangelical Free and the Evangelical Covenant churches were mainly comprised of Lutherans that did not affiliate themselves with Lutheran synods in the United States.
The ELCA and the LCMS comprise 94% of Lutherans in the United States, the WELS and ELS comprise 5%, and the rest comprise of smaller synodical conferences.
I think that the Lutheran churches in the United States can be lumped into three categories, Liberal Protestant, Confessional Lutheran and what remains of Lutheran Pietism. I will concentrate on Liberal Protestant and Confessionalism because they are the most prevalent.
The Liberal Protestant (like the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America) can be described as following:
1. Questioning or denying the inerrancy of The Bible
2. Questioning or denying the divinity of Jesus Christ or the members of the Trinity.
3. Acceptance of popular moral or social teachings
4. Movement away from teaching of the Lutheran Confessions (Book of Concord)
5. Ordination of Women and openly homosexual in the priesthood.
6. Heavy emphasis on Ecumenicism
7. Departure from the teach of Justification through Faith. It is either taught that man can save himself or that man is really not that bad and doesn't need to be saved.
8. Departure from moral absolute truths.
9. Movement toward Universalism.
Confessional Lutherans (Lutheran Church Missouri Synod, Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod, Evangelical Lutheran Synod and Church of Lutheran Confession) can be described as:
1. Believe that Scriptures are the sole authority on faith and Christian living. With out error and unified. Therefore, they do not ordain Women or openly homosexuals into the priesthood.
2. The Scriptures are God's revelation, which is Christ, centered with two main messages, the Law and the Gospel.
3. Believe that the three ecumenical creeds (the Apostles', the Nicene, and the Athanasian) as well as the Lutheran Confessions as contained in the Book of Concord of 1580 express the true doctrine of Scripture. Since the doctrines they confess are drawn from Scripture alone, we are bound to them in our faith and life. Therefore all preaching and teaching in our churches and schools must be in harmony with these confessions, and we reject all the errors that they reject.
4. Affirm the doctrine of Original Sin and that man is not basically good not only corrupted by the world and cannot save himself.
5. Affirm Justification by Grace through Faith.
6. Believe that unity in Christian Doctrine is necessary for establishing Christian Fellowship with other Synods or Denominations.
It can be noted that the Lutheran Church Missouri Synod and the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod were in communion with each other in the Synodical Conference until 1963. The WELS suspended fellowship with the LCMS over differences on the Office of the Ministry, the LCMS's extension of fellowship with the forerunners of ELCA (varying views on church fellowship) and the LCMS allowing members to join the Boy Scouts. Prior to the WELS suspending fellowship with the LCMS, the Evangelical Lutheran Synod broke of fellowship with the LCMS in 1955 and broke off from the Synodical Conference in 1963 with the WELS. The Concordia Lutheran Conference split from the LCMS in 1956, but still holds to the LCMS doctrinal positions as ratified from 1932. The Church of Lutheran Confession split from the WELS in 1960, prior to the WELS suspending fellowship with the LCMS. I think it can also be said that the the more liberal elements that appeared to cause the majority of problems for the LCMS in the Synodical Conference left the LCMS in 1974 under the auspices of Association of Evangelical Lutheran Churches (research Concordia's "Seminex"), which later merged into the ELCA in 1988.
The Evangelical Lutheran Synod and the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod are currently in fellowship with each other.
American Association of Lutheran Churches- congregations from the American Lutheran Church that resisted the merger with the ELCA.
Association of Free Lutheran Congregations- congregations from the Lutheran Free Church that resisted the merger with the American Lutheran Church.
Church of Lutheran Brethren- congregations from the United Norwegian Lutheran Church that resisted merger into the Lutheran Free Church (see above).
Lutheran Confessional Synod split from the ELCA in 1994 to be a haven from confessional congregations leaving the ELCA. They were in brief fellowship with the WELS and the ELS, but broke off fellowship over differences in the doctrines of the Lord's Supper and the Ministry.
Protes'tant Conference split the WELS in 1920
Lutheran Churches of the Reformation formed from the members left over from the Orthodox Lutheran Conference, when member congregations split to form the Concordia Lutheran Conference.
A very good book to read on the subject is WELS and Other Lutherans from Northwestern Publishing House.
Lutheranism's historical path can be traced down two main forks in the road: The undivided universal Church, as instituted by Jesus, underwent a split during which Western and Eastern Christianity divided. This is called the "Great Schism." Within the Western faction, Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism proved dogmatically irreconcilable. The two Churches remain distinct. Martin Luther is the 16th century German priestmonk and theologian who is the namesake of the Lutheran Church. So, the simplistic answer is: Lutheranism originated in Germany in the 1500's.
There is an official state Church of Denmark which is a denomination of Lutheranism.
The initial reforms of the Church were sparked in medieval Germany.
Lutheranism gained support, especially among middle class people in German-speaking cities. Church authorities responded to Lutheranism by excommunicating Martin Luther.
Lutheranism let ministers lead congregations while Calvinism let the Council of elders govern each church. Lutheranism taught salvation by faith alone and Calvinism, God has predetermined who will be saved. Both Lutheranism and Calvinism taught that the Bible is the sole source of revealed truth. Lutheranism, worship service focused on preaching and ritual. Calvinism , worship service focused on preaching. Both Lutheranism and Calvinism are believers interpret the bible for themselves.
Catholics will say that the Orthodox church split from the Catholic Church. Orthodox will say that the Catholic Church split from the Orthodox church. But yes, the two churches did split from one another.
First there was just Christianity, then when Martin Luther broke of and started Lutheranism Christianity was renamed Catholicism, every other Christian religion broke of of Catholicism or Lutheranism, in this case, The Baptist church broke of of Catholicism.
The objections of Martin Luther to practices of the Roman Catholic Church.
Lutherans and the Church of England split from the Catholic Church.
Martin Luther, who formed Lutheranism and led the Protestant Reformation.
The Protestant Reformation is the movement that split the Western church. It was an attempt to reform the Catholic church.
Most branches do not, but some do, including the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, the Church of Sweden, the Church of Denmark and the United Protestant Church of France ("EPUF").
Yes, during the Rennaissance the Catholic church split out into protestant and catholic branches
Lutheranism, the Methodist church, the Presbyterian church, the Baptists, some of the Anglican Communion, and all of the evangelical churches are Protestant.
Before the split with Rome the head of the church inEngland was the Pope because the church in England was Catholic.After the split with Rome the English monarch became the head of the new church of England.Pope
The Orthodox Church split from the Catholic Church.
The Lutherans - a Church set up by Martin Luther in protest (ie 'Protestant') against what he saw as corruption in the Church of Rome.
Apostolic is not a type of Lutheranism.
The Baptists did not split from Catholicism but from the Anglican Church.
Lutheranism, Anglicanism(Episcopalianism), Presbyterianism, Methodism, Pentecostalism, Baptist, Church of Christ, etc.
Mostly the Old reformed Church(Lutheranism). Also, religions from all over the world.
Lutheranism is a branch of Protestant Christianity.The theology of Lutheranism identifies with Martin Luther.