God chose Abraham that through him all the nations on earth might find blessing
Abraham was Sarah's husband. Abraham was also the father of the Jewish nation.Additional Comment:Abraham is the father of all Israelites - physical and spiritual. They are many nations/peoples.Genesis 17:5New International Version (NIV) 5 No longer will you be called Abram; your name will be Abraham, for I have made you a father of many nations.
God chose Abraham to the the father of the Israelite nation. Through Abraham, came his son Issac and then his son Jacob who in turn had twelve sons who formed the twelve tribes of Israel. These twelve tribes and their descendants eventually populated most of the world. A great number of people from all nationalities can trace their family roots all the way back to Abraham.
Genesis 17 has the answer to the name changes. Abram meant "High Father'. Under the covenant God made with Abram "all nations of the earth would be blessed. God changed Abram's name to Abraham as he would be the "Father of many nations", the meaning of Abraham. Sarai meant "My princess". Sarai would become the ancestress of the promised nations and kings. Sarah means "Mother of Nations."
The covenant between Abram (as he was called then) and God can be found in Genesis 17: 1-8.Here God makes it clear that as well as Abraham (as he became) being the father of the Jewish nation he would also be the father of many nations (v4), although the original Hebrew for 'many' may also be translated as 'all' by some. However, in most official translations Abraham is the father or many nations and not all nations. Reading in context, however, Abraham is prophesises to be the father of all the nations of which the Jews were aware, whether or not others existed.Answer:Generally speaking in terms of bloodline descendants... following the flood... "ALL" the succeeding races and nations of the world descended from Noah's three sons: Shem, Ham and Japheth. Abraham descended from the Shem line and therefore could not have fathered "all the nations" that were to come.Spiritually speaking, however..."Know ye therefore that THEY WHICH ARE OF FAITH, the same are the children of Abraham. And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the heathen through faith, preached unto Abraham, saying, IN THEE SHALL ALL NATIONS BE BLESSED. [the 'blessing' promise God made to Abraham for ALL THE FAMILIES ON EARTH is a 'spiritual' one. The promise of 'salvation'... Eternal Life] So then they which be of faith are blessed with faithful Abraham." (Gal.3:7-9)"Now to Abraham and his Seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, WHICH IS CHRIST." (verse 16)"There is neither Jew nor Greek [Gentile], there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for YE ARE ALL ONE IN CHRIST JESUS. And IF YE BE CHRIST'S, then ARE YE ABRAHAM'S SEED, and heirs according to the promise." (verses 28-29)It's through faith in Christ [the same faith Abraham had] by which all the nations of the world shall be saved and inherit the Kingdom of God."For the promise, THAT HE SHOULD BE THE HEIR OF THE WORLD, was not to Abraham, or to his seed, through the law, but through the righteousness of faith." (Rom.4:13)AnswerGal 3:8 And the scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the GentileS by faith, proclaimed the gospel to Abraham ahead of time, saying, "All the nationS will be blessed in you."Anyone who was not a Jew was a Gentile, and it is plural so it refers to everyone else wherever they may be.Notice that it refers to more than one nation: it is also plural.The "NET" Bible says in its Footnotes that:-17tn The same plural Greek word, Ï„á½° á¼”Î¸Î½Î· (ta eqnh), can be translated as "nations" or "Gentiles."The part in BOLD print ["All the nationSwill be blessed in you."] is a quote from the Old Testament:-Gen 12 (v.3) And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall ALL FAMILIES of the earth be blessed.Gen 18 (v.18) Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him?Genesis 18:18 ["ALLTHE NATIONS OF THE EARTH shall be blessed"] plainly says ALL nations, so this refers to every single person on the face of the entire earth.
The Bible doesn't say that Abraham decided this. The Bible does say that God chose Abraham and promised him that he would be "the father of nations." (The name Abraham can actually be translated as "Father of nations", so there's some typical punning language here.) What chosenness means has been subject to debate, but in the Jewish tradition, at least, chosenness imposes huge obligations on the chosen, specifically, it obligates Jews to keep all of the commandments, 613 of them, while non Jews are only obligated to obey 7 commandments to be considered rightous.
The Abrahamic Covenant was a three-fold promise. First God promised to make Abraham a great nation by blessing him and all of his descendants and cursing all those who cursed them. Then God promised Abraham and his descendants all of the land Of Israel, which ranged from the Nile Delta to the Euphrates River. Finally God promised of to make Abraham the father of many nations, and to make decedents so numerous that they would be like the stars in the sky (uncountable).
The answer is: He would give Abraham many decendants.God made a covenant with Abraham that if he and his descendants would keep His commandments, be perfect and circumcise their male children, God would bless them and be their God. God promised to make Abraham a father of many nations and to give him the land of Canaan. God later added that He would bless all nations through Abraham.Genesis 171 And when Abram was ninety nine years old, the LORD appeared to him, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be perfect.2 And I will make my covenant between us, and will multiply you exceedingly.3 And Abram fell on his face: and God spoke with him, saying,4 As for me, behold, My covenant is with you, and thou shalt be a father of many nations.5 Neither shall your name any more be called Abram, but your name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made you.6 And I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and nations will come from you, and kings shall come from you.7 And I will establish my covenant between me and you and your seed after you for all their generations as an everlasting covenant, to be your God, and for your seed after you.8 And I will give unto you, and to thy seed after you, the land wherein you now dwell, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.9 And God said unto Abraham, you shalt keep my covenant; you, and your seed after you for all their generations.10 This is my covenant, which you shall keep, between me and you and your seed after you: Every male child among you shall be circumcised.15 And God said unto Abraham, As for Sarai your wife, you shalt not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name.16 And I will bless her, and give you a son from her. I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of people shall be born of her.18 Seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him.
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