Why is the Amazon Rainforest so important?
Many scientists believe the Amazon rainforest plays a crucial role in moderating global temperatures. Thatâ€™s the primary reason to be concerned about deforestation efforts, but hereâ€™s a more detailed breakdown of the Amazonâ€™s importance:
1. It removes carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Each year, the Amazon rainforest absorbs about a quarter of the carbon dioxide generated by the burning of fossil fuels, so itâ€™s one of the most effective tools we have in the fight against the potentially disastrous effects of climate change.
If the rainforest is destroyed or significantly depleted, weâ€™ll lose this protection, and weâ€™ll need to find more innovative ways to reduce man-made carbon output.
2. It stabilizes South American rainfall cycles.
There are an estimated 390 billion trees in the Amazon. If that number decreases dramatically, rainfall cycles across South America will change dramatically in unexpected waysâ€”and thatâ€™s obviously bad news.
3. It could help us develop new medicines.
By cataloging and studying plants from the Amazon, scientists could find cures and more effective treatments for some diseases.
â€œFrom an amoeba to an elephant, every living thing is a factory of substances, and plants aren't different,â€ botanist Mateus Paciencia told The Guardian. â€œA plant or tree is a small medicine factory. All we need to do is try and find the application for these substances.â€
4. Itâ€™s the most biodiverse ecosystem on the planet.
Biodiversity refers to the number of different organisms in an ecosystem. Diverse ecosystems improve the global economy, provide resources for humans, and aid in the fight against climate change.
â€œBiodiversity is life on Earth, and every extinction chips away at it, undermining the stability of the planet,â€ Olivier Langrand, executive director of the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, told Conservation International.
The ecosystems of the Amazon contain about 10 to 15 percent of the total biodiversity on land. More than 440 new species were discovered in the Amazon rainforest between 2010 and 2013, many of them critically endangered. As deforestation increases, species are lost foreverâ€”and scientists lose the opportunity to study some of the planetâ€™s most unusual plants and animals.
Saving the Amazon also makes financial sense. By one estimate, by reducing the deforestation and degradation of the Amazon by 50 percent, the global economy would benefit to the tune of about $3.7 trillion.
Deforestation dropped by 75 percent from 2005 to 2014, but itâ€™s currently on the rise, and the recent fires in Brazil threaten the preservation efforts. Saving the rainforest may require a global effort, but because the area offers enormous benefits to the entire planet, itâ€™s certainly an important undertaking.
It is home to millions of animals and plants, many already
endangered. The trees of the Amazon also help create oxygen through
photosynthesis, a process by which the chloroplasts in plant cells
convert carbon dioxide (CO2) into breathable oxygen.
because it helps animals live and is homes to alot of
If it wasn't important all animals will die and turn into
because it contributes some of the worlds oxegen and preserves
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