Why was Mapungubwe cultural landscape declared a world heritage site?
The Mapungubwe were a kingdom in South Africa from about 900 and 1,300 AD. Climate change brought about an end to the kingdom. The remains of this kingdom are the reason for the world heritage site.
There are 4 cultural, 3 natural and 1 mixed property on the World Heritage list in South Africa. The cultural sites are: - Fossil Hominid Sites of South Africa - Mapungubwe Cultural Landscape - Richtersveld Cultural and Botanical Landscape - Robben Island The natural sites are: - Cape Floral Region Protected Areas - iSimangaliso Wetland Park - Vredefort Dome The mixed site is: - Maloti-Drakensberg Park
Kenneth Olwig has written: 'Landscape, nature, and the body politic' -- subject(s): British Foreign public opinion, Historical geography, History, Land use, Landscape, Landscape in literature, Nature, Nature in literature, Place (Philosophy), Political aspects of Land use, Political aspects of Landscape, Political aspects of Nature, Renaissance 'The Nature of Cultural Heritage, and the Culture of Natural Heritage' 'Justice, Power and the Political Landscape'
The two types of World Heritage sites are, Cultural Heritage: which includes historic buildings, monuments and collections of information on how people lived such as photos, paintings, stories, newspapers and books, and Natural Heritage: which includes mountains, rivers, and any landscape. There is also a third type which is mixed.