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Storm Season

THE CAUSES OF TSUNAMI

A short explanation of causes:

Tsunami (pronounced su-nah'-me) are huge ocean waves caused by natural forces like underwater earthquakes. Tsunami are caused when the forces of these phenomena rapidly displace large amounts of water.

Most tsunami occur when there is an earthquake or volcanic eruption in the sea or ocean. This is caused when there are plate boundaries that are meeting in plate tectonics processes. This will cause shock waves to be radiated out of the epicenter. This natural event will cause a rise or fall of the seabed. This will create a wave deep in the ocean (or less frequently in other large body of water).

Tsunami can also be caused by landslides, such as a cliff-side of a mountain near shore that falls into a large body of water or ocean.

Powerful bombs, like nuclear bombs, are tested, dropped, or detonated in the sea or ocean and can cause shock waves to be radiated out that move the ocean waters in waves as described above.

They also occur when large asteroids fall into the water. This is extremely rare, and the asteroids must be very large to cause a large water displacement to form a tsunami wave. But they are known to have occurred. Meteorites will not cause high waves as they are usually much smaller than asteroids by the time they have been burned in the atmosphere on the way to the surface.

A longer, more in depth answer:

The huge waves called tsunami are caused by the abrupt vertical displacement of a large volume of a body of water, usually from natural sources of kinetic energy (such as the force of large earthquakes near the shore or underwater). These forces produce a wave that shifts not just a few meters of surface water, but the entire column of water from the floor to the surface. They contain enormous amounts of energy. Earthquakes that cause tsunami often occur offshore at tectonic plate subduction zones. As the sea floor snaps up in response to the tectonic plate movement and subsequent earthquake, the tsunami wave is formed and moves out from the source of the displacement. The wave increases in height as it enters more shallow waters close to land.

They can occur in any large body of water, even in large lakes. An example is the mega-wave that formed when the volcano erupted at Mount St. Helens in the US in 1980. The eruption caused a massive landslide into Spirit Lake and that caused the mega-wave.

To better understand how a tsunami forms, try this experiment:

Get in a pool or the bath tub and put your hand a good ways down and then pull it up quickly but not out of the water, pull up strong but don't break the surface and watch the result. Not exactly a tsunami, but a simple version of the science.

SUMMARY:

Most tsunami occur when there are underwater seismic events such as an underwater earthquake or volcanic eruption. This normally occurs along plate boundaries. Subduction in convergent boundaries accounts for most tsunami. Subduction occurs when one plate dives under another that is blocking its movement. This will cause shock waves to be radiated out of the epicenter. There will be a rise or fall of the seabed. This displacement of the sea floor will create a wave which cannot be clearly detected from shore at first. These waves can travel at speeds up to 700 mph (i.e. the speed of sound in water) deep in the ocean or other large body of water. As the wave gets nearer to the shore, the wave will compress and gain height in the shallower water. The waves can be up to 100 ft. (30 m) or more when they come ashore.

Tsunami can also occur because of landslides or when asteroids (or very large meteorites) fall into large bodies of water. This is extremely rare, and they must be very large to cause a large enough water displacement to form a massive tsunami wave.

DETAILS:

Natural Causes

Besides earthquakes, these waves can also be caused by the forces of other natural phenomena and seismic events that move the tectonic plates, or that directly move the undersea water, or smash into the water surface from above in such a way as to rapidly displace the water.

When it happens in a sea, the sea floor may be deformed from below pushing the water up, or the water can be displaced from an impact coming down on the sea surface from above. Some of the natural causes, other than tectonic plate movements resulting in earthquakes, are huge landslides and other mass movements above or below the water. Sometimes a small underwater earthquake will trigger a landslide that causes a tsunami.

Volcano eruptions in or near the ocean can produce water displacement from underwater or from impacts from above by huge pieces of falling debris from explosions as a volcano erupts along a coastline or near a large lake.

Another cause from natural events is an ocean impact by rare large meteorites or asteroids. This is extremely rare, and they must be very large to cause a large water displacement to form a wave. Meteorites will not cause high waves as they are usually much smaller than asteroids.

Since these natural phenomena can be the causes, it means that tsunami have the potential to be formed anywhere in any large body of water at unpredictable times and without time for any warnings.

Unnatural Causes
An unnatural event with potential to cause tsunami is the detonation of underwater explosions (including detonations of underwater nuclear devices).

STILL MORE DETAILED INFORMATION ABOUT TSUNAMI:

The name

The word tsunami is a Japanese term. Japan is one of the most common locations for tsunami. The literal translation in English is "wave harbor" meaning "harbor wave". This name came from the fact that they only become visible as huge waves after arriving in shallower waters near shores and harbors, and therefore, they were originally believed to have originated in the harbor. The word tsunami has been used long enough that it has been adopted into most languages rather than being translated.

The Japanese word does not have a plural form and tsunami is used both for singular and plural in English in many locations. However, it has become accepted over time to say "tsunamis" for the plural in English.

Many early geological, geographical, and oceanographic texts refer to tsunami as "seismic sea waves."

They are sometimes mistakenly called "tidal waves," but tsunami have no relationship to the tides other than looking similar but smaller and generating some similar effects on land with flooding and devastation.

Tsunami are also sometimes incorrectly called "storm surges", which are also different wave phenomena. Tsunami have no relationship to weather. They are not caused by storms, cyclones, hurricanes, or high winds.

Tectonic plate action
Tsunami are commonly caused by seismic activity of tectonic plates (most often earthquakes). As such, they are often found around the Pacific Rim, a region of high tectonic activity in the Pacific Ocean.

A Tsunami can be caused when a tectonic plate in the earth's crust is subducted by another plate, which releases a lot of tensive (potential) energy, in an earthquake. Movement of tectonic plates can cause an earthquake that sends out jolts of seismic activity. Large vertical movements of the earth's crust can occur at plate boundaries. This will cause shock waves to be radiated out of the epicenter. These jolts then can push a tectonic plate under the sea floor, or over or under another plate. The earthquakes can form anywhere there is stress in a tectonic plate, but notably on plate boundaries. Plates interact along these boundaries called faults. Seismic activity is not, however, limited to boundaries of these plates. Tsunami can be formed if there is a very big earthquake any place in a plate that disrupts a water column in a large body of water.

Subduction in the convergent plate boundaries is said to account for most of the tsunami. This natural event will cause a rise or fall of the seabed. When large areas of the sea floor elevate or subside, a tsunami can be created.

This will create a wave deep in the ocean which cannot be clearly discerned from shore. This massive underwater wave transforms when it hits the shoreline and has nowhere else to go but up. This then pushes the water on the surface up, forming the massive wave.

Earthquakes
The Greek historian Thucydides was the first to relate tsunami to submarine earthquakes.

Subduction earthquakes are particularly effective in generating tsunami. In the case of earthquake-generated tsunami, there is a major disturbance under water causing the water column to rise as the earthquake uplifts or causes subsidence of the sea floor.

When the sea bed is lifted as a result of an earthquake, the water is also lifted. The size of the wave depends on how high and over how big an area the seabed was lifted. Some say the earthquake size must be at least 6.0 on the Richter scale to create a tsunami.

Landslides
Tsunami can be caused by very large landslides either falling into the water from above or by an underwater landslide pushing a column of water from below the surface. These mechanisms causing submarine slumps of material, or landslides of huge parts of a mountain or cliff side near shore, can occur without an earthquake, or at least without a significant one. Super marine landslides and cosmic-body impacts disturb the water from above as momentum from falling debris is transferred to the water into which the debris falls. Generally speaking, tsunami generated from these mechanisms, unlike the Pacific-wide tsunami caused by some earthquakes, dissipate quickly and rarely affect coastlines distant from the source area.

Submarine landslides, which often accompany large earthquakes, as well as resulting collapses of volcanic edifices, can also disturb the overlying water column as sediment and rock slump down-slope and are redistributed across the sea floor.

Another type of landslide that can produce tsunami involves the debris delta from a river system that eventually becomes unstable and slides off, thus displacing a large body of water. The rebound to this can cause a large enough surge to be a tsunami, and one with little warning.

Other similar causes in the colder oceans are huge avalanches or glacier calving.

Volcanoes
Tsunami can be generated when a violent volcano eruption on land occurs near a large body of water. Sometimes huge chunks of solid rock burst out of a volcano and fall into the nearby ocean or lake making a tsunami. Similarly, volcano eruptions can cause tsunami when they explode undersea. A violent submarine volcanic eruption can create an impulsive force that uplifts the water column and generates a tsunami.

Asteroids
Tsunami can also occur when large asteroids fall into the water. This is extremely rare, and the asteroids must be huge to cause a large enough water displacement to form a tsunami wave. But they are known to have occurred. Some geologists believe as recently as the early 1700s an asteroid impact off the Pacific Northwest coast of North America may have created a tsunami that reached Japan.

These produce a wave that shifts not just a few meters of surface water, but the entire column of water from the floor to the surface. They contain enormous amounts of energy. Tsunami caused by an asteroid impact could be a much higher and more devastating wave, depending on the asteroid's size. Fortunately such occurrences don't happen as frequently as those caused by earthquakes, volcanoes and underwater landslides.

Meteors
An even more rare cause is a meteorite hitting Earth. Meteorites will not cause waves as high as those caused by asteroids since they are usually much smaller bodies. There are estimates that the space rocks would have to have a diameter of between about 165 feet (50 meters) and 490 feet (150 meters). Any smaller and the rock would have exploded before hitting Earth or Earth's waters.

Underwater Explosions
Tsunami can also occur when powerful bombs, like nuclear bombs, are tested, dropped, or detonated in the sea or ocean or above the ocean waters. There have been tests done in various parts of the world. This was done with nuclear bombs in the area of the Bikini Atoll and resulted in tsunami. A top secret New Zealand program to experiment with tsunami caused by explosions was known as Project Seal, in the 1940's.

Size
This wave is massive - nothing like what a surfer seeks. The waves can be as high as 100 ft. tall when they near shore. They initially will create a series of waves deep in the ocean, that are only a few feet tall. They cannot be clearly discerned from shore or ships until they get to the shallows close to shore and then can be identified too late to allow warning and people to escape.

The largest recorded tsunami was in Lituna Bay Alaska at 1720 feet (524.25600 meters).

Speed
Tsunamis move faster than a human being on shore and can not be "outrun". These waves can travel under water at great speeds, up to hundreds of mph. They can travel as shallow waves at 500 mph deep under the sea. Close to the shore, this speed reduces to 30 to 40 mph. Although the momentum slows upon reaching land, it still hits with a major force.

How the waves move
The waves travel in all directions from the area of disturbance, much like the ripples that happen after throwing a rock into water.

The crests of the tsunami waves can be as much as a hundred miles apart. They can cross the entire ocean in less than a day without losing much energy. Tsunami waves can be as long as 60 miles and be as far as an hour and 100 miles apart. They destroy vast cities and developments on land, but at the same time don't destroy ships as they travel beneath them on the way to shore. They can pass right under the ships unnoticed. That's because the height of a tsunami wave might be only a foot or two at those depths. Or they might be noticed but not given any special attention because they seem harmless as they travel under the ocean surface.

The situation changes dramatically when the waves come closer to shore. As they enter shallow waters, they begin to decelerate and gain height as the wave becomes compressed and the seafloor rises in height.

Tsunami travel through water, and therefore can reach areas not located near the epicenter of the earthquake. Reflection and diffraction can change the regions affected. This was seen in the 2004 Boxing Day tsunami, whereby the wave front diffracted around the tip of India and Shri Lanka and hit the western coast of India, a section of coastline that was not in the direct line of the tsunami.

This wall of water travels underwater until it reaches the shore. Once a tsunami reaches the shallow water near the coast, it slows down. The top of the wave moves faster than the bottom, causing the sea to rise dramatically. It will uplift and form the huge wave and as the water gets more and more shallow, it rises and rises until it is at its maximum height.

Interestingly, a tsunami will cause the water along the shore to pull away from shore into the oncoming tsunami, adding more and more water to the "big wave" on its way in. This displacement pulls water back from the shore, causing the wave to build in size and intensity. Depending on whether the leading element of the tsunami is a trough or a crest (it can be either) there may be an eerie ebbing or pulling back of the water along the shore; it must appear to observers like an unnatural pulling back of the tide. This would happen if the leading element is a trough.

Many people get so mesmerized by the unusual sights at the shoreline that they don't recognize the impending danger. Tsunami kill a lot of people because of the fierce strength of the initial wave, subsequent waves, and the undertow created by gallons of rushing water.

Storm Surge vs Tsunami
Tsunami are not caused by storms or wind or other weather phenomena. Those would be storm surges which are different waves.

Some meteorological storm conditions, such as deep weather depressions that cause cyclones, hurricanes, strong winds and other similar occurrences, can generate a storm surge, which can be several meters above normal tide levels. This is due to the low atmospheric pressure within the center of the weather depression. As these storm surges come ashore, the surge can resemble a tsunami, inundating vast areas of land. But they are not one and the same.

Results and devastation of tsunami
As we have seen from the 2004 tsunami of Southeast Asia and the 2011 Japanese tsunami, the effects can be devastating. A tsunami has great energy, and can carry waves far inland. The power of the water can knock down buildings and crush vehicles. People usually die from being smashed against something, rather than drowning. Tsunami can push huge amounts of water over islands and coastal regions causing the deaths of hundreds of thousands or millions of people, and they can cause millions or even billions of dollars worth of damage.

They can move up the rivers and streams leading to the ocean. Flooding can reach land 1000 feet (300 meters) from the coastline and the dangerous waves have enough force to lift giant boulders, flip vehicles, and demolish houses. Tsunami kill a lot of people because of the fierce strength of the initial wave, subsequent waves, and the undertow created by gallons of rushing water.

Tsunami will definitely cause damage, casualties, and injuries. Fires can break out from gas line breaks that are ignited. Tsunami, as they reach closer to shore, will wash fishing boats and other boats, such as cruisers, onto shore, and onto streets, railroads, and buildings. Airports are destroyed, roads are impassable. The boats will be stuck on shore and usually wrecked from the force of the wave. Cars, trucks, airplanes and trains can be washed through the coastal areas damaging structures and people in their wake.

Entire coral reefs and the plants and animals that depend on them for habitat can be devastated. Once the reefs are destroyed, the protection they provided for the coastal areas from hurricanes, storms and other damage is lost along with the barrier reefs.

People and livestock can be caught in the wave and carried away inland and back into the sea with all the debris from the devastation. The waves will also cause fish to be washed onto the shore and stuck there to die. They flood the lands near the shore, causing entire buildings to be inundated. They are identified too late for most people in the coastal areas to escape and avoid death from them. They will damage the crops and cause nearby buildings to collapse. Some people might be trapped under the buildings and die. They uproot trees too, causing them to fall on houses and people.

Lastly, they cause economic decline as countries have to spend billions of dollars rebuilding and recovering from the damage. Millions of people can be homeless without food, clean water, and proper sewage disposal and without electricity. Hospitals that may be still operating are overwhelmed, injured people may not receive timely medical care. Access to medical supplies, pharmacy supplies, and maintenance medications may not be available for months or more. People cannot find loved ones and family members and there are little, if any, means of communication immediately following the tsunami. Factories and jobs are eliminated and many never rebuild in the area again. Tourist industries collapse for even years afterward.

Tsunami "Season" ?
There is no tsunami season, they are unrelated to weather, so they can occur at any time just like the things that cause them can happen any time of yearâ?¦ plate subduction, earthquake, volcano, etc.

Tsunamis can take place at any time; night or day.

Where they occur
Tsunami could occur anyplace there is a large body of water (even large lakes). They can move up the rivers and streams that connect with the body of water of the tsunami, causing further destruction and flooding.

They often hit along the coasts of the "Ring of Fire," around the margins of the Pacific Ocean. In the US: California, Washington, Oregon, and Hawaii and the Japanese coastlines are all potential areas where denser oceanic plates slip under continental plates in the process mentioned above known as tectonic plate subduction. One in Chile sent tsunami warnings ino the pacific. Thailand is in a circle where tsunami hit a lot. There is a well known spot in Alaska where a Mega Tsunami hit, Lituna Bay. There was the tsunami in the Bay of Bengal in 2004.

There was one on October 7, 2009 , originating from an underwater earthquake near the Vanuatu Islands in the southwest Pacific. The wave affected other islands, including Hawaii and Fiji, as well as Alaska and California. This tsunami, however, was weak and insubstantial compared to a devastating tsunami on December 26, 2004, also known as the Sumatra-Andaman earthquake. The wave itself was up to 100 feet (30 meters) high in places. At the time it was considered the fifth worst natural disaster in recorded history, and the deadliest tsunami ever, possibly more than four times worse than the next deadliest tsunami (in terms of death toll, rough estimates range from 229,866 to 443,929 people killed).

Mega Tsunami
Mega earthquakes (measuring 9.0 and above on the Richter Scale) are said to produce Megatsunami (also known as Iminami) which are much more destructive than normal tsunami. They can reach heights of up to 300-500+ meters, and reach about 25 km inland. They are said to be able to cross the Atlantic (Transatlantic).

As mentioned above, an example of a mega-tsunami happened on the 9th of July in 1958 in Lituna Bay in Alaska, generating the largest recorded tsunami. An earthquake measuring 7.7 on the Richter scale caused 90 million tons of rock to fall directly into the sea. It caused a wave 524 meters high (1720 feet).

The wave from the collision of the KT Event 65 million years ago (an asteroid) is believed to have been up to 1.5 kilometers high.

When Cumbre Vieja in La Palma eventually collapses into the Atlantic it could generate a 2000 foot high wave rushing across the Atlantic at 500 mph.

Predictions, warnings, and animal behavior
Scientists are not yet able to predict them just as volcano eruptions and earthquakes can't be predicted. Seismic activity could signal a warning, however, and this is under study.

Animals often recognize the danger and run inland. One explanation of this is that animals can sense the movement of the air and hear changes in the waves much faster than humans recognize these.
Hurricanes and tornadoes are both damaging windstorms, but they are very different phenomena. One is a large weather system and the other is an isolated weather event. A hurricane is a huge airmass that can be more than 1000 miles across, while a tornado is seldom more than 1 mile across, and often much less.

Hurricanes
A hurricane (also known as a cyclone or typhoon) is a very large,swirling storm with strong winds and heavy rains. It consists of an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same direction as the Earth. This is usually characterized by inward spiraling winds that rotate counter-clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. These cyclonic circulations of wind and clouds can sometimes, but not always, lead to a storm characterized by a low pressure center and numerous thunderstorms that produce strong winds and flooding rain. They can only form over warm water with minimal wind shear, but often make landfall at some point as they move across the ocean. While much of the damage caused by hurricanes is from high winds, equally dangerous is its tidal surge, which can flood entire cities, killing large numbers of people.


Hurricanes:
  • Are hundreds of miles wide.
  • Form only over warm ocean water.
  • Last for days and sometimes well over a week.
  • Produce rain and flooding in addition to powerful winds.
  • Are independent, self-sustaining storm systems.
  • Have winds ranging from 74 to about 200 mph


Tornadoes
A tornado is a swirling column of wind that moves across the ground in a relatively narrow path. It consists of a violent, dangerous, rotating column of air which extends from a cloud to the ground. The most intense of all atmospheric phenomena, tornadoes come in many shapes and sizes but are typically in the form of a visible condensation funnel, whose narrow end touches the earth and is often encircled by a cloud of debris and dust. They can demolish entire neighborhoods in a matter of a few seconds to a few minutes.
Tornadoes form from thunderstorms called supercells and reach toward the ground as they develop. Most tornadoes last a few minutes and never more than a few hours. Some last just a few seconds. Most tornado deaths are from flying debris.

Tornadoes:
  • Are rarely over a mile wide
  • Usually form over land
  • Usually last minutes, rarely a few hours
  • Cause damage via wind and debris
  • Are dependent on a large storm to develop and keep going
  • Have winds ranging from 65 to about 300 mph
  • Often have a condensation funnel.


In summary:
  1. Hurricanes form over warm ocean water as tropical depressions, and weaken rapidly over land. Tornadoes normally form over land from mesocyclones.
  2. Hurricanes are hundreds of miles wide while tornadoes are typically a few dozen yards wide, getting up to two-and-a-half miles wide at most.
  3. A hurricane usually lasts a few days while a tornado cannot last more than a few hours, and some last just a few seconds.
  4. Hurricanes can produce large waves and storm surge, tornadoes, waterspouts and flooding rains. A tornado can be accompanied by these but does not directly cause them.
  5. The strongest tornadoes have faster winds than the strongest hurricanes.

Home Buying

It depends if you paid your mortgage on time while in your home.If you were late then it will be in the history on your creditreport. The creditors history makes up 35% of the creditreport.

Many lenders require at least 3 open lines of credit to qualifyfor a mortgage, so if paying off your current mortgage leaves youwith less than 3, that could exclude you from many borrowingoptions.

Your payment history is what will contribute to your creditscore. A lender for the new loan will also look at your debt toincome ratio (DIR) and that will determine whether they will offeryou the loan. For many of us, the math of paying two mortgages doesnot work out to being solvent. So, selling the first home, orpresenting the lender with a signed lease for a renter, will helpimprove your ratio.

Yes.

Another option is to set up a Cash Flow account. By doing this, you'll pay less in interest and more in principle, without changing your current monthly payment, and your principle will earn interest. This will allow you to pay off your home in half the time. If you keep your Cash Flow account for 30 years, you can have over $1 million to pay off your home and have a nice retirement.

Baseball Season

  • The National League dates back to 1876. The American League wasformed in 1901 as a competitor to the National League. Initially,the two leagues were independent of each other--there was no MajorLeague Baseball. The two leagues met in the first World Series in1903. From 1903 through 1960, each league had 8 teams, and the teamthat finished first in the standings in each league went to theWorld Series, except in 1904 when the Giants refused to participatein the Series. The World Series games were the only official gamesplayed between teams from the two leagues. The leagues also beganplaying each other in All Star games starting in 1933. The ALexpanded to 10 teams in 1961 (Senators II who are now the Rangersand Angels) and the NL expanded to 10 in 1962 (New York Mets andHouston Colt .45s who are now the Astros.) In 1969, both leaguesexpanded to 12 teams as the AL added the Seattle Pilots (now theMilwaukee Brewers) and the Kansas City Royals while the NL addedthe San Diego Padres and the Montreal Expos (now the WashingtonNatinoals.) Also, each league split into an East and West divisionand had the winners of its divisions play in a League ChampionshpSeries to determine its representative to the World Series. In1973, the AL adopted the Designnated Hitter while the NL did not.In 1977, the AL went to 14 teams by adding the Seattle Mariners andthe Toronto Blue Jays. In 1993, the NL went to 14 teams by addingthe Florida Marlins and Colorado Rockies. In 1998, both leaguesexpanded again with Tampa Bay Devil Rays in the AL and the ArizonaDiamondbacks in the NL. To keep an even number of teams in bothleagues, the Milwaukee Brewers moved from the AL to the NL, givingthe NL 16 teams to the AL's 14. This was the first time the NL hadmore teams than the AL. The leagues had separate league offices andumpiring crews until a few years ago. Now, the basic differencebetween the two leagues is the AL uses the designated hitter andthe NL does not. The umpiring crews are consolidated under MajorLeague Baseball and the league offices are no longer inexistence.

  • The AL has a designated hitter bat for the pitcher, but the NLhas the pitcher bat for himself.

  • The National League is the older of the two leaguesconstituting Major League Baseball. The League was founded in 1876.The American League was founded in 1900. The league originated fromthe National Association of Baseball (NA), which was the prevailingprofessional baseball league at the time.

  • In 1900, a new league - the American League - was formed. TheAmerican League was well aware of the previous double-crossingtactics of the National League, and geared up for battle. TheAmerican League was successful in raiding National League stars.The newer league proved to be a better organized, better financed,and more determined than previous league rivals. The moreestablished National League was forced to cooperate, and in 1903,the return to a two-league format allowed the resumption ofpostseason play with the World Series of 1903.

  • Today the National League game still resembles the game as itwas a century ago. The biggest difference between the two leaguesis that the National League remained with the rule that the pitchermust be in the batting lineup. The American League adopted theDesignated Hitter (DH) to fill in for the pitcher in the 1970s.This DH rule has led to differences in the style of play betweenthe two leagues. The American League is generally more based uponpower � with emphasis on the home run, while the National League issaid to be more pitching-oriented, with more of a focus on anoffensive running.

  • Baseball [in the two leagues] is two different games, playedwith two different sets of rules," Buck said with an infectioussmile. "The DH. It makes such a difference. It's phenomenal. "Andthe American League has these little tiny ballparks. It's like homerun derby over there."

The conversation then shifted to thesubject of the strike zones in the two leagues.

"If you think strike zones are tight [in the NationalLeague]...well, in the American League, [umpires] won't call bigname hitters out on called third strikes," Buck opined. "Theumpires in the American League are more inconsistent. They areunwilling to call your Griffeys and your McGwires out on thirdstrikes. It's a different game."

  • The pitchers in the National League are in the battingrotation, while in the American League designated hitters take theplace of pitchers in the rotation.

  • The teams are from different places. It's basically just todivide the teams up for playoffs and the World Series.

  • Also, American League has a designated hitter rule that theNational League does not.
The Curse of the Billy Goat, or Billy Goat Curse is the name of an urban myth, superstition, used to explain the World Series drought that Major League Baseball's Chicago Cubs have had to endure since their last appearance in the 1945 World Series, and their last World Series championship in 1908. The curse is a classic example of a scapegoat.As the story goes, Vasili "Billy Goat" Sianis, a Greek immigrant who owned a nearby tavern (the now-famous Billy Goat Tavern), had two 7.20 USD box seat tickets to Game 4 of the 1945 World Series between the Chicago Cubs and the Detroit Tigers, and decided to bring his pet goat, Murphy (or Sinovia according to some references), with him. Sianis and the goat were allowed into Wrigley Field and even paraded about on the playing field before the game before ushers intervened. They were led off the field. After a heated argument, both Sianis and the goat were permitted to stay in the stadium occupying the box seat for which he had tickets. However, before the game was over, Sianis and the goat were ejected from the stadium at the command of Cubs owner Philip Knight Wrigley due to the animal's objectionable odor. Sianis was outraged at the ejection and allegedly placed a curse upon the Cubs that they would never win another pennant or play in a World Series at Wrigley Field again and left the States to vacation in his home in Greece.The Cubs lost Game 4 and eventually the 1945 World Series, prompting Sianis to write to Wrigley from Greece, saying, "Who stinks now?" Following a third-place finish in the National League in 1946, the Cubs would finish in the league's second division for the next 20 consecutive years. This streak finally ending in 1967, the year after Leo Durocher became the club's manager. Since that time, the cursed Cubs have not won a National League pennant or played in a World Series --the longest pennantless drought in Major League history. Sianis died in 1970.The Billy Goat CurseIn 1945, William "Billy Goat" Sianis tried to bring his pet goat, Murphy, with him into Wrigley Field for Game 4 of the World Series. Ushers at the game said the goat was too smelly and told Sianis he had to leave. To retaliate, Sianis cast a "goat curse" on the Cubs by saying, "Cubs, they not gonna win anymore". The Cubs lost the 1945 World Series to the Detroit Tigers and haven't made it to a World Series since.

Wine Pairings

I would pair cheddar cheese with a nice fruity sauvignon blanc. The semi sweet fruit flavors help cut the sharp flavor of the cheddar cheese. I would recommend a nice bottle of the Seresin Sauvignon blanc!
The classic wine pairing with foie gras is a sauternes. When pairing wine with food one fail safe rule is to pair weight with weight. Foie gras is weighty and rich so is a sauterne.

Sherlock Holmes

He was never actually alive. The fictional stories about him are set in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, from the mid-1870s (The 'Gloria Scott') up to 1914 (His Last Bow), roughly contemporaneous with when they were published.

Dr. Joseph Bell, on whom the character of Holmes was partly based, lived from 1837 to 1911.
Holmes treats Watson like he would treat any other person. Although Watson isn't the brightest bulb in the bunch, Holmes treats him very well. For instance, in the beginning of the book Sherlock Holmes and the Hound of the Baskervilles Watson proposes evidence/clues about a "walking stick" that they found in Holmes den. Watson's clues are way off. Holmes (who already knew who's walking stick it was, and who also knew that every one of the clues that Watson proposed was indeed incorrect) did not say a word to him. So that tells you that Holmes is very good to Watson.

Social Media

Facebook messenger is a program which makes a sidebar appear for chat even when on the desktop.
The mobile version lets you chat or make groups through your mobile phone contacts.
There are different reasons why you may not be able to access your account and unique ways to contact Facebook for each case. Therefore, it is important to be sure that you are using the correct channel when submitting a request for help. First, identify the correct reason why you are unable to access your account from the three reasons that are listed below. Then, follow the instructions listed by the reason that pertains to you.
Disabled for violating Facebook's Statement of Rights and Responsibilities
Facebook accounts that have been reported or detected for policy violations may be disabled by Facebook. Possible reasons include, but are not restricted to:
Continued prohibited behavior after receiving a warning or multiple warnings from Facebook
Unsolicited contact with others for the purpose of harassment, advertising, promoting, dating, or other inappropriate conduct
Use of a fake name
Impersonation of a person or entity, or other misrepresentation of identity
Posted content that violates Facebook's Statement of Rights and Responsibilities (this includes any obscene, pornographic, or sexually explicit photos, as well as any photos that depict graphic violence. We also remove content, photo or written, that threatens, intimidates, harasses, or brings unwanted attention or embarrassment to an individual or group of people)


Please review Facebook's Statement of Rights and Responsibilities to learn more about specific types of conduct and content that are not permitted on the site.


If you have not posted violating content or otherwise violated the Statement of Rights and Responsibilities, click here.


Security disabled
Accounts that have been reported or detected as compromised or phished may be disabled by Facebook. If you think your account was disabled for security reasons, refer to the Security section of the Help Center to find the correct contact form.




Can't log in due to access issues
If you are disabled, you will clearly see a "Disabled" message when you try to log in to your account. If you do not see this message, then your account is not disabled and you are simply experiencing login issues. You should refer to the Login and Password section of the Help Center to find the correct contact form.


Examples of login issues include:
Inability to log in due to password problems
Inability to log in due to an error message (e.g., "Site Maintenance," "Invalid/Unregistered Email Address," etc.)
Inability to log in due to forgetting one's login email address or password
Other technical difficulties accessing Facebook

Beach Vacations

Because Nuevo Vallarta's sand has a considerable amount of pyrite (iron disulfide) which sometimes is called as Fool's Gold because it glitters just like real gold.
  1. Beach ball
  2. Volleyball
  3. Tag
  4. Freeze dance or dance off
  5. See who can collect the most shells or something of the sort
  6. Sandcastle contest
  7. Frisbee
  8. Toss a ball back and forth
  9. Fly a kite
  10. Bring a board game?

Dealing with Depression

Manic-depression. Bi-Polar Disorder can be difficult for the individual experiencing the symptoms and for their friends and family. Bipolar Disorder is a complex illness and there is a range of severity. There are many different symptoms -- and several different types -- of bipolar disorder. The most common symptoms of the disorder are dramatic and unpredictable mood swings. The various types of bipolar disorder range from mild to severe.
If you think that you or someone you know is expereincing symptoms of Bi-polar Disorder then you should reach out to a professional. The symptoms of Bi-Polar Disorder can be treated effectively with counseling and medication.
  • Everybody has their own ways of taking their minds off of things. A good way to recognize them is to think about your interests and hobbies and in doing so you can figure out something in those categories that you will enjoy doing that will take your mind off of things.
  • Think about the things you loved or still loved to do then think about the options and see which one you feel like doing.

take a shower or something i always do that !
try something new. do something so daring even you won't believe it.

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Paul Walker’s brothers are helping to finish action scenes to complete ‘Fast & Furious 7.’ The film has been pushed back and is set to be released in the summer of next year.
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