Do you humans and chimpanzees share 50 percent of their DNA sequences?
The concluding result of the Chimpanzee and Human Genome project was that human locus contains approximately 150 thousand "additional" base pairs NOT found in chimpanzee chromosome 12 and 13, also known as 2A and 2B. A fusion event would not result in more informational DNA out of thin air, therefore a fusion event could not have occurred. There are millions of DNA differences between humans and chimpanzees, and with further analysis making it even more clear that we are not related. In the Y chromosome alone, chimps have only two-thirds as many distinct genes or gene families as humans. Also, more than 30% of the chimp Y chromosome lacks an align-able counterpart on the human Y chromosome and vice versa. Ironically the Genome project only demonstrated how much more different humans are to apes even down to the finite level of DNA.
DNA is essentially the basic and fundamental building blocks found in ALL life and ALL creatures share a large percent of DNA with each other on a base level. Since DNA codes for structures and biochemical molecules, we should expect the most similar creatures to have the most similar DNA. Apes and humans are both mammals, with similar shapes, so both have similar DNA.
An Evolutionist will proclaim that Humans share anywhere from 85-95% of an ape's DNA, but we also share 75% of our DNA with a dog and 50% with banana fruit. The Center for Advancement of Genomics and the Institute for Genomic Research analysis showed that for 75% of known human genes, lengths of DNA that provide the building instructions for proteins, there is an equivalent dog gene. A total of 18,473 of the known 24,567 human genes had a canine version.
The fundamental problem is that no Evolutionist can site a single example of a genetic mutation or evolutionary process that increases the the information in the genome. That in itself is an insurmountable show stopper against the very core of Evolution. The very sad part about dealing with Evolutionary converts is most of the time they are repetitively posting information that has long been dissolved; a DNA fusion event being one of them.
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It's probably a fairly small proportion. According to evolutionarybiologist Robert May, President of Britain's Royal Society, "Weshare half our genes with the banana" (2001), but genes only makeup 2% of human DNA - the answer depends on what proportion of theremaining 98% is the same. Humans have 23… pairs of chromosomes andbananas 11 pairs - even if the 11 banana chromosomes were identicalto human ones (they're not) it would still mean that less than halfof human DNA would be found in a banana. (MORE)
In simple terms, it's a process where they essentially "unzip" the genes of living things into their billions of chemical building blocks to determine the exact order of the chemicals. It's useful for finding inherited diseases, identifying family lineage, etc since certain illnesses and traits have… been found to be linked to certain chemical strands in DNA. It also helps when people are trying to breed certain traits into an animal or plant species. They can use DNA sequencing to find specimens that have the traits they want as a dominant trait in their DNA and cultivate them in such a way as to encourage that trait to emerge most of the time. (MORE)
\n. \n99.9% is exactly the same. .1% gives each individual their own personal fingerprint. Meaning, only .1% codes for proteins that express our differences.
One Perspective Although it has commonly been stated in the past that humans and chimpanzees have 98.5% DNA similarity, this figure has recently been found to be incorrect. Newer research has suggested that there is approximately 96% genetic similarity between Humans and chimpanzees overall. O…f course the fine details depend on what specific chromosomes one is looking at. Although 96% of the DNA is similar overall, there are some very significant differences in some chromosomes, where other chromosomes are nearly identical. Specifically, 18 of the chromosomes of humans are nearly identical to those of chimpanzees, the rest are very different (eg: chromosomes 4, 9, 12, 21, and y). Some specific examples of differences include: 1) Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in total while chimpanzees have 24. 2) Chimpanzees and other apes have telomeres about 23 kilobases long, whereas humans are completely unique among primates with much shorter telomeres only 10 kilobases long. 3) The Y chromosome in chimpanzees is smaller than that of humans and only 60% of the genes are similar to those of the y chromosome of humans. REFERENCES: . Jennifer F. Hughes et al. 2010. Chimpanzee and human Y chromosomes are remarkably divergent in structure and gene content. Nature. Online first. January . Archidiacono, N. et al. 1998. 'Evolution of chromosome Y in primates.' Chromosoma 107:241-246. . Britten, R.J. 2002. 'Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences is 5% counting indels.' Proceedings National Academy Science 99:13633-13635. . Fujiyama, A., et al. 2002. 'Construction and analysis of a Human-Chimpanzee Comparative Clone Map.' Science 295:131-134. . Gagneux, P. and Varki, A. 2001. 'Genetic differences between humans and great apes.' Mol Phylogenet Evol 18:2-13. Another Perspective It really depends on what we are comparing - the entire genome or just the small fraction (1%) which codes for proteins. If we compare the ENTIRE genome to another then the figures for similarity are very low and in fact, such a study has not been done. If we compare the similarities between the genes that code JUST FOR PROTEINS (1% of entire genome), then the figure is very high! The vast majority of mammalian DNA does NOT code for proteins - it was once believed to be "junk DNA" with no function - Now we know this assumption was totally wrong. We now know they play an important role in preserving the genome itself - and many other functions as well. (MORE)
We will not know the answer to this until the genomes of whale species are sequenced. However, given that whales and humans are mammals, they would be expected to share many similarities.
No, we share a common ancestor. 99.9% of all biologists understand that the evidence provided byAnthropology, Archeology, DNA and Genetic Sequencing show without adoubt that humans and chimpanzees have diverged from a commonancestor. Although it has commonly been stated in the past that humans andc…himpanzees have 98.5% DNA similarity, this figure has recentlybeen found to be incorrect. Newer research has suggested that thereis approximately 96% genetic similarity between Humans andchimpanzees overall. Of course the fine details depend on what specific chromosomes oneis looking at. Although 96% of the DNA is similar overall, thereare some very significant differences in some chromosomes, whereother chromosomes are nearly identical. Specifically, 18 of thechromosomes of humans are nearly identical to those of chimpanzees,the rest are very different (eg: chromosomes 4, 9, 12, 21, and y). Some specific examples of differences include: 1) Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in total while chimpanzeeshave 24. 2) Chimpanzees and other apes have telomeres about 23 kilobaseslong, whereas humans are completely unique among primates with muchshorter telomeres only 10 kilobases long. 3) The Y chromosome in chimpanzees is smaller than that of humansand only 60% of the genes are similar to those of the y chromosomeof humans. REFERENCES: . Jennifer F. Hughes et al. 2010. Chimpanzee and human Ychromosomes are remarkably divergent in structure and gene content.Nature. Online first. January . Archidiacono, N. et al. 1998. 'Evolution of chromosome Y inprimates.' Chromosoma 107:241-246. . Britten, R.J. 2002. 'Divergence between samples of chimpanzeeand human DNA sequences is 5% counting indels.' ProceedingsNational Academy Science 99:13633-13635. . Fujiyama, A., et al. 2002. 'Construction and analysis of aHuman-Chimpanzee Comparative Clone Map.' Science 295:131-134. . Gagneux, P. and Varki, A. 2001. 'Genetic differences betweenhumans and great apes.' Mol Phylogenet Evol 18:2-13. (MORE)
Humans do not share much DNA with an apple. They share only about40% of the same DNA.
Humans share DNA with many other species, chimpanzees and humansshare 98% of the same DNA. Humans and mushrooms share 67% of thesame DNA.
Chimpanzees share the most. The old number was 98.5%, but recent tests say less than 95%.
this might not be exactly right but the best answer i found is that they are 80% similar to us humans.
Humans and cats have similar x and y chromosomes and have the sameancestor from the past. Cats and humans share 90 percent ofhomologous genes.
Surprisingly, according to the related link below, domestic bovines (or the colloquial "cow") actually share 80% of genes with humans.
All of them do, if you mean vegetables and humans have genes that are identical. While plants and humans are wildly different, every cell has to do specific things to survive, like metabolize sugar or repair damage to their own DNA. That is true for plant cells, human cells, bacterial cells, or a…ny other type of cell. So anything that's made of cells (including single-celled organisms) is living and contains DNA. And some of that DNA will be identical. I feel like I should mention that all cells also have RNA. DNA is used as a recipe to make proteins. However, the mechanism to make proteins is in a different place than where the DNA is housed. RNA is a copy of a small piece of DNA (gene) that can travel to the protein-making machinery. (MORE)
The term DNA sequencing refers to sequencing methods for determining the order of the nucleotide bases--- adenine, guanine, cytosine and thymine--- in a molecule of DNA.
Human females have two X chromosomes (XX), while males have an X chromosome and a Y chromosome (XY). During meiosis, these chromosomes segregate into separate gametes. All female ova carry a single X chromosome, while in males, half the sperm carry an X chromosome and half carry a Y chromosome. When… these fuse together during fertilization, 50% of the time a sperm with an X will fuse with an ovum carrying an X, to generate an XX individual (female). The other 50% of the time, a sperm with a Y fuses with an ovum carrying an X to generate an XY individual (male). Hence, the 50-50 ratio of males to females is a direct result of half of male sperm carrying an X chromosome and half carrying a Y chromosome. (MORE)
The order of greatest similarity would be chimp, cow, oak tree. Chimps are our closest genetic cousins. Humans are simply a higher order of primate. Cows come second because they are mammals like us. Trees come last as mammals and plant life share far less genetic material.
I have heard several figures, but the most believable I've heard was 75% of our DNA being the same as that of a dog even though they have 78 chromosomes while we have 46. We share 50% of our DNA with bananas, same for fruit flies. 97% of our DNA is shared with Chimps.
Comparing ants to humans scientists found that approximately 20percent of their genes are unique. Thirty three percent of theirgenetic material is shared with humans.
Cats and humans share similar X and Y chromosomes, in fact the two species shared a common ancestor about 90 million years ago and share 90% of (homologous) genes with humans
It's thought to be about 5 to 7 million years since humans and chimps shared a common ancestor.
its really minutely different. like 99% of it is the same, but the remaining 1% includes genes that really make difference and seperates us as distinct species. we express different genes.
Well it typically takes 50 hours to analyse it. For a baby's DNA in a couple of weeks or months.
Polymorphism - Read your Human Genetics book by Ricki Lewis, it will help with your online class :P
It is commonly though to be 98%. However, recent studies have differing views. The BBC has published 95%, and Riken (a Japanese Lab) has published 85%. Please see the related links for the articles.
In short, NO . Although it has commonly been stated in the past that humans and chimpanzees have 98.5% DNA similarity, this figure has recently been found to be incorrect. Newer research has suggested that there is approximately 96% genetic similarity between Humans and chimpanzees overall. …Of course the fine details depend on what specific chromosomes one is looking at. Although 96% of the DNA is similar overall, there are some very significant differences in some chromosomes, where other chromosomes are nearly identical. Specifically, 18 of the chromosomes of humans are nearly identical to those of chimpanzees, the rest are very different (eg: chromosomes 4, 9, 12, 21, and y). Some specific examples of differences include: 1) Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes in total while chimpanzees have 24. 2) Chimpanzees and other apes have telomeres about 23 kilobases long, whereas humans are completely unique among primates with much shorter telomeres only 10 kilobases long. 3) The Y chromosome in chimpanzees is smaller than that of humans and only 60% of the genes are similar to those of the y chromosome of humans. REFERENCES: . Jennifer F. Hughes et al. 2010. Chimpanzee and human Y chromosomes are remarkably divergent in structure and gene content. Nature. Online first. January . Archidiacono, N. et al. 1998. 'Evolution of chromosome Y in primates.' Chromosoma 107:241-246. . Britten, R.J. 2002. 'Divergence between samples of chimpanzee and human DNA sequences is 5% counting indels.' Proceedings National Academy Science 99:13633-13635. . Fujiyama, A., et al. 2002. 'Construction and analysis of a Human-Chimpanzee Comparative Clone Map.' Science 295:131-134. . Gagneux, P. and Varki, A. 2001. 'Genetic differences between humans and great apes.' Mol Phylogenet Evol 18:2-13. (MORE)
we are all bannas and slugs and apes so they had a three way atsome point
Because that is how science works. Knowledge allows the building of other knowledge, and knowing how one organism's genetic structure works is important in the fields of medicine, evolution, microbiology, and pure research.
1- highly repetitive sequence : a- satellites b- mini-satellites c- micro-satellites 2- moderate repetitive sequence: a- coding b- non coding 3-non repetitive sequence
The DNA sequence in all humans is NOT exactly alike! All DNA in humans have a double helix (spiral staircase) shape and A, T, C, and G bases. The sequences are totally not the same though. If they were, we would all look alike.
I'm sure it differs with each species but I know human DNA and chimpanzee DNA only differ by 2% if not less
Humans and chimpanzees share 94% of the same DNA. By comparing certain genes of chimpanzees to those of humans, scientists can tell the approximate number of generations since humans and chimpanzees shared a common ancestor. It is believed that the ancestors of humans and chimpanzees diverged betwee…n four and six million years ago. In other words, it is support for evolution and the fact that humans evolved from great apes. (MORE)
I've just come back from Borneo. The rangers at the Sepilock sanctuary have said the DNA is 96.4% the same.
No because otherwise your dick would look like a Lettuce, oh wait it all ready does
The commonly quoted number is 98.6% genetic relatedness. This is technically correct since our genes are nearly 99% identical. However, this number does not take into account gene duplication and the specific proteins produced by these similar genes. If these are accounted for, the number is more li…ke 94%. This new figure is based on a new method of measurement that was reported in a 2006 paper. I would actually like to see this method used on all other figures. For instance, the results of the bonobo genome project shows we share 98.7% of our DNA. I'm sure this number would be more like 93 point something percent since the project showed bonobos and chimps share 99.6% of their DNA. It is important to note that, despite the change in percentage, chimps are still our closest living animal relatives. (MORE)
How has the use of DNA changed how scientists have viewed the relationships between chimpanzees gorillas and humans?
They have a clearer view of exactly what family tree apes have to one another and have discovered that previous studies that are based on aesthetics in fact were incorrect. What makes all primates related to each other has very little to do with physiology and what makes primates related is much mor…e profound. Genetic studies will give you more detail. But some genetic studies have proven that humans are more closely related to the orangutan than to the chimpanzee as was popularly believed by scientist previously. (MORE)
No, convergent evolution happens when two distinctly different species develop similar adaptations because of similar environmental pressures. For example, both bugs and bats have wings, but one is an insect and the other is a mammal. Chimps and humans have similar DNA because they share a common an…cestor--i.e., we are genetic cousins. (MORE)
Human DNA is closest to bonobos. The next closest is chimpanzees. Orangutans and gorillas are more distantly related.
Humans and chimpanzees share a much more recent common ancestor than humans and pigs. This results in humans sharing more of their genome with chimps than they do with pigs. Even though a human's genetic code is more like a chimp's than it is like a pig's, all eukaryotic organisms share a signifi…cant amount of genetic code, vertebrates share even more, and mammals share even more than that; a human's DNA more closely resembles a pig's than it does a lizard's, and it more closely resembles a lizard's than it does a bacterium's. (MORE)
96% of our DNA is identical to Apes and Monkeys. Only 4% accountsfor what we consider "human" to be.
98% percent of EVERYONES DNA is shared. you share 98% with your mom, teacher, friend, cousin, it really doesn't matter. but 98% is shared amongst everyone.. The above answer is partially correct but only very generally speaking. We also share close to 98% of our DNA with chimps. The real difference…s come when scientists examine the additions and deletions common to genetic subsets of humans. For example when additions and deletions found in chimp DNA is accounted for the similarity is really closer to 95%. Some researchers have found that there is greater than 1% difference in subsets of humans, which is potentially huge. . (MORE)
Yes, we all do to some degree. Any isolated group is going to carry a lot of the same DNA. Several years ago, I read an article that a study was done on the mitochondrial DNA that is passed down from the mother and according to that, we all come from 6 women in Africa. That was their conclusion.
It means that humans are very similar to chimpanzees.nmeaninng that the way that they respond and carry out there daily lives is similar to the way we carry out our lives
All living creatures on earth share some amount of DNA, including mammals, reptiles, fish, plants, sea sponges, bacteria, and viruses. Humans share much more DNA with mammals than any other creature. And we share more DNA with lizards than we do fish. This is because mammals split off from the mamma…l-lizard common ancestor long after the fish-amphibian common ancestor. Humans share as much as 50% of genes with plants, so our relatedness to nuts is around this figure. It is interesting to note that researchers have found various genes associated with human ailments in different creatures. For instance, the gene connected to deafness has been found in some plants. (MORE)
Because both have a very recent common ancestor. The branching/split point between humans and chimps is only about 6 million years ago.
Yes. I think the number is actually closer to 98% shared. Most of the differences between a bonobo and a human being are not so much that we have different genes (a lot of the 2% difference between bonobos and human genes is trivial) but rather we use the same set of genes differently. A rather crud…e analogy is that humans and bonobos are like two houses both built using all same the construction materials and techniques, but according to slightly different blueprints. (MORE)
All humans share exactly the same genes. Genetic differences between humans do not stem from different individuals possessing different genes but rather different versions (alleles) of the same gene. The precise number of differences is largely dependent on which population you are discussing. Some …communities tend to be more genetically uniform (e.g. a population that due to culture or geography is more genetically isolated) others more diverse. (MORE)
To my knowledge, the crow genome has not been sufficiently analyzed for a definite answer. The process of complete genome analysis is time consuming and expensive, so scientists have been selecting organisms that are highly used in research for genome analysis. That said, the genome of the chicke…n has been mostly completed. Given that chickens aren't that much closer to or further from humans than crows, the DNA similarity between humans and chickens is at least in the same ballpark as humans and crows. The chicken genome is about 1/3 the size of the human genome (1.2Gb instead of 3.4 Gb) but this is not due to much to birds having fewer genes as having mostly the same genes more compactly arranged in chromosomes. My own experience (I have a little experience with chicken genetics) has been that chicken genes tend to be about 75-85% identical with human genes. (MORE)
Humans share very little with a potato. Chromosomes are acollection of DNA woven around protein. A chromosome may contain asmany as 100,000 to billions of nucleotides in one chain. Chimpanzeeand humans share a very SIMILAR DNA pattern, where as a potato anda human being don't. So although they both …have 48 chromosomes,their DNA STUCTURE is vastly different. (MORE)
Bonobos share about 98.7% of their DNA with humans: about the same amount that chimpanzees share with us.
Yes, they do. It is a small amount but interesting that we arerelated to grass.