How does Stephen Hawking talk?

already exists.

Would you like to merge this question into it?

already exists as an alternate of this question.

Would you like to make it the primary and merge this question into it?

exists and is an alternate of .

The man himself can tell you. Here is a direct quote from Stephen Hawking's website:
"In 1980, we changed to a system of community and private nurses, who came in for an hour or two in the morning and evening. This lasted until I caught pneumonia in 1985. I had to have a tracheotomy operation. After this, I had to have 24 hour nursing care. This was made possible by grants from several foundations.
"Before the operation, my speech had been getting more slurred, so that only a few people who knew me well, could understand me. But at least I could communicate. I wrote scientific papers by dictating to a secretary, and I gave seminars through an interpreter, who repeated my words more clearly. However, the tracheotomy operation removed my ability to speak altogether. For a time, the only way I could communicate was to spell out words letter by letter, by raising my eyebrows when someone pointed to the right letter on a spelling card. It is pretty difficult to carry on a conversation like that, let alone write a scientific paper. However, a computer expert in California, called Walt Woltosz, heard of my plight. He sent me a computer program he had written, called Equalizer. This allowed me to select words from a series of menus on the screen, by pressing a switch in my hand. The program could also be controlled by a switch, operated by head or eye movement. When I have built up what I want to say, I can send it to a speech synthesizer. At first, I just ran the Equalizer program on a desk top computer.
"However David Mason, of Cambridge Adaptive Communication, fitted a small portable computer and a speech synthesizer to my wheel chair. This system allowed me to communicate much better than I could before. I can manage up to 15 words a minute. I can either speak what I have written, or save it to disk. I can then print it out, or call it back and speak it sentence by sentence. Using this system, I have written a book, and dozens of scientific papers. I have also given many scientific and popular talks. They have all been well received. I think that is in a large part due to the quality of the speech synthesiser, which is made by Speech Plus. One's voice is very important. If you have a slurred voice, people are likely to treat you as mentally deficient: Does he take sugar? This synthesiser is by far the best I have heard, because it varies the intonation, and doesn't speak like a Dalek. The only trouble is that it gives me an American accent."
32 people found this useful

Who is Stephen Hawking?

Stephen Hawking is brilliant man probably the smartest in theworld. He has done amazing things such as he has a Ph.D. inphysics. and Dr. Hawking has researched black holes. His mostimportant discovery so far is that black holes emit X-rays andgamma-rays that can be detected by special scientific ins (MORE)

What does Stephen Hawking do?

He is a world renowned scientist, but unfortunantely he is wheel chair bound and unable to speak. he is on a wheel chair and can't speak because of the disease ALS of most commonly know as Lou Gehrig's disease. It is a disease that slowly kills all nerves in the body and eventually kills you. he i (MORE)

What computer did Stephen Hawking used?

Professor Hawking uses a custom-built computer donated by Intel. The sofware he uses to interface with the computer is called Equalizer, which is a DOS-Based extension of the EZKeys program by Words-Plus. Intel provided funding to Words-Plus in 2002 to update the Equalizer software for 32-bit operat (MORE)

Is Stephen Hawking dumb?

No he is a leading Physicist and cosmologist and is one of the most famous living scientists. he was born on January 8 1942 in Oxford england.

What is Stephen Hawking doing now?

Stephen hawking is probly praying right know so his annoying disease can go away. Or he is probly just doing work. i don't really know but i feel so horrible right know because of his ugly and stupid disease. well that's all i have to say hoped it helped. oh who am i kidding it didnt help at all. im (MORE)

Can you email Stephen hawking?

Stephen Hawking is a world wide known author and theoreticalphysicist and cosmologist. Because he is super busy and well known,his email address is not available for public use.

Why can't Stephen Hawking talk?

stephen hawkings cant talk because he has Motor Neurone disease and Amyotrophic Lateral Schlerosis. And because he is an absolute tank who can own anybody in a science test but nobody tests him cos hes a tank.

How can Stephen J Hawking talk?

The basic idea is that back in the 80s he had just enough movement ability in his hands due to his disorder called amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. He would use slight movements of his hands to move cursor on a screen which helps him build sentences. And you know how when you are typing a search into (MORE)

Who is Stephen hawking and what did he do?

Stephen Hawking is British. and one of the world's leading physicists and cosmologists. He has made numerous important contributions to those sciences, and is a leader in the search for the TOE - the Theory of Everything. His email is S.W.Hawking@damtp.cam.ac.UK and his full name is Stephen William (MORE)

How is Stephen Hawking able to talk using a computer?

Before the operation, my speech had been getting more slurred, so that only a few people who knew me well, could understand me. But at least I could communicate. I wrote scientific papers by dictating to a secretary, and I gave seminars through an interpreter, who repeated my words more clearly. How (MORE)

What is Stephen Hawking?

Professor Stephen Hawking is a famous scientist in the field of Theoretical Physics, most notable for his work in helping to understand black holes. He has difficulty communicating due to a disease known as ALS which results in nerve degradation. He communicates via a binary sensor that detects when (MORE)

How does Stephen Hawking able to talk?

He is still able to move his cheek muscle. there is a sensor attached to his eyeglasses which detects light changes when he twitches his cheek. This is a binary input which works with EZKeys software, allowing him to select words, phrases, and commands via his customized computer. His speeches and T (MORE)

Are Stephen Hawking and Jane divorced?

Stephen and Jane divorced in 1990. Sha had been having an affair with a choirmaster whose wife had died of leukemia. In 1995, Stephen married his nurse Elaine. They were divorced in 2006.

Is Stephen hawking right about the aliens?

I hope he is not right, if he is then Aliens might come to earth but lets hope they will help us and not drain earth's energy sources and they can help us with Global Warming. if they happen to be real and come to earth to help, scientists can research the alien ships and human kind can evolve.

What does Stephen hawking think about god?

Stephen Hawking has recently argued that there is 'no place for a creator', that God does not exist. In his quantum cosmology " there would be no singularities at which the laws of science broke down and no edge of space-time at which one would have to appeal to God or some new law to set the bou (MORE)

Is Stephen Hawking a billionaire Scientist?

Stephen William Hawking, (born 8 January 1942) is a British theoretical physicist specializing in cosmology. He has published both scientific and popular works. He is noted for his scientific achievements which have conferred great professional honors but not great personal wealth.

What does Stephen Hawking know about aliens?

He knows as much as the rest of us; there is no credible evidence that any extraterrestrial intelligence has ever visited planet Earth. However, he very easily concedes the very real potential for the existence of extraterrestrial life.

Why can't Stephen Hawking move?

Stephen Hawking is severely disabled by motor neuron disease also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (or ALS). Hawking's illness is markedly different from typical ALS in the fact that his form of ALS would make for the most protracted case ever documented. A survival for more than ten years aft (MORE)

Is Stephen Hawking an atheist?

Stephen Hawking hasn't Identified himself as an Atheist, but doesshow an agnostic view of religion. Which resulted in the divorce ofhis first wife, Jane Wilde in 1995, as she was a very strongChristian, leading to marital tensions.

What qualifications does Stephen hawking have?

He obtained a First Class Honours Degree in Natural Science from University College Oxford and then went on to Cambridge to conduct research in Cosmology. Since 1979, he has held the post of Lucasian Professor of Mathematics. He has 12 honorary degrees, was awarded the CBE in 1982, and was made a (MORE)

What is Stephen hawking suffering from?

Stephen Hawking has a neuro-muscular dystrophy that is related to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a condition that has progressed over the years and has left him almost completely paralysed.

What is Stephen Hawkings contribution to mathematics?

Stephen Hawking has come up with the concept of Hawking radiation at the edge of a Black hole event horizon, which is mathematical in that the vacuum or 0 can split into a positive and negative. I am 8 and I know that!

Is stephen hawking a physicist?

Yes indeed, Professor Stephen Hawking among other things is considered a physicist, astrophysicist, theoretical physicist, mathematician, cosmologist, and author.

Does Stephen Hawking have Asperger's?

Asinine, so many ways. Does Hawking not have a nose because he hasa chin? And this: Roger Penrose had to prove to him that blackholes must exist; did so with a diagram which took him 15 secondsto draw, Point and match to Penrose. And they are probably both AS.

Was Stephen Hawking able to walk?

Hawking was able to walk and had no problem until symptoms of his illness began to show, shortly after his college days at Oxford.

Is Stephen hawking a cyborg?

The definition of a cyborg is: A fictional or hypothetical person whose physical abilities become superhuman by mechanical elements built into the body. Stephen Hawking is not a cyborg. He has no superhuman abilities. He suffers from ALS, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrig's (MORE)

What famous quotes did Stephen hawking have?

"Not only does God play dice, but... He sometimes throws them where they can't be seen." "My advice to other disabled people would be, concentrate on things your disability doesn't prevent you doing well, and don't regret the things it interferes with. Don't be disabled in spirit as well as physic (MORE)

How Stephen hawking got the disease?

Its called Lou Gehrig's Deseise, Steven Hawkin has had it since birth i got told. Its where the muscles and bones become less efficient as he ages, it stopped his jaw bones working that's why he has that device to speak with eye movement... Hope that helped! :D

What are Stephen hawkings greatest failures?

Despite profound contributions to physical sciences, Professor Hawking considers that one of his greatest blunders was an explanation of a solution to the black hole information paradox which involved multiple topologies and alternate universes, an idea he later abandoned. He also strongly opposed ( (MORE)

Are Stephen hawking children normal?

i suppose by normal you mean that they dont have a disability.. i disagree with your idea that steven hawking is abnormal due to his disability but to answer you question, i dont see why they wouldnt be..?