How is prematurity or premature birth diagnosed?
Birth before 37 weeks gestation
not really, there is a chance that the baby could have a defect but that can happen to even a baby that was born on time. Premature birth means that the baby was born early, t…herefore it is smaller than a normal baby and it may not becompletely developed. It all depends on how premature it is.
A physical and vaginal examination, a vaginal culture, urine and blood samples, a fetal heart monitor may be hooked up, fetal ultrasound, amniocentesis.
Premature menopause is diagnosed by blood tests and patients should be screened for diabetes, thyroid disease and similar diseases.
A pelvic exam can determine if amniotic fluid is leaking. The fluid when placed on nitrazine paper turns dark blue. Smearing some fluid on a slide will look feathery under the… microscope.
Treatment depends on the complications. Often the premie is placed in a heat-controlled unit, fed oxygen, intravenous feedings, fetal monitoring, massage, may require drugs or… surgery.
Placenta previa, in which the placenta grows too low in the uterus.
Premature rupture of membranes occurs when the amniotic sac is torn, causing the amniotic fluid to leak out.
Prematurity is much more common in multiple pregnancy and for mothers who have a history of miscarriages or who have given birth to a premature infant in the past.
The survival rate for gestational period of 21 weeks or less: 0%; 22 weeks: 0-10%; 23 weeks: 10-35%; 24 weeks: 40-70%; 25 weeks: 50-80%; 26 weeks: 80-90%; 27 weeks: greater th…an 90%.
Premature birth is caused by premature labor, placental abruption, placenta previa, premature rupture of membranes, incompetent cervix, maternal toxemia, drug abuse or is usua…lly unknown.
Placental abruption is a medical condition in which the placenta detaches from the uterus.
The prevalence of premature birth is 1 out of every 10 infants born in the United States.
Blood tests measure the levels of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH). The levels of these hormones will be higher if menopause has occurred.
Infants who are at high risk for IVH usually have an ultrasound taken of their brain in the first week after birth, followed by others if bleeding is detected.
The latest research is a new medication (17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate) which may help to prevent spontaneous premature births.
If the mother receives good prenatal care, eats well, avoids drug/alcohol abuse, and stops smoking. Bed rest or drugs may be given to stop labor. Neonatal intensive care units… can also increase survival chances.