What aircraft were used on the aircraft carrier Essex?
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Answer . \nClick on the link to your right for the history of aircraft carriers.
WWII-Naval battles (Fleet actions); troop support; strategic strikes Vietnam War-Strategic strikes against North Vietnam & close air strikes for ground troops Today-Strikes ag…ainst precision targets/strikes in support of ground troops
Japan had a total of 25 Aircraft Carriers and Light Carriers in WWII of which 20 were sunk.
Fail. its 11.
Transportation, launches, recovery, and maintenance of naval aircraft.
The USS Langley, converted from a coal ship when the US Navy switched from coal to oil after World War 1. The ship was named for American aviation pioneer Samuel P. Langley.
American Aircraft Carriers are built by Newport News Shipbuilding , which is a subsidiary of Northrop Grumond .
USS Langley designated CV-1
Both American and Japanese carriers had three types of airplanes: fighters, dive bombers, and torpedo bombers. Fighters were to provide protection for the carriers and other… ships of the friendly fleet, and to shoot down enemy airplanes. Fighters would escort the bombers when they went to attack the enemy fleet, to duel with the enemy's fighters, which would be trying to protect the enemy fleet. Naval fighter were single seat, single engine aircraft. The Japanese fighter plane throughout the war was the Mitsubishi A6-M "Zero". US carriers at first had the Grunman F4F Wildcat, and later the Grunman F6F Hellcat. The Vought F4U Corsair was also produced for carriers but proved to be too heavy, so was flown mostly by Marine aviation units operating from land bases. The Corsair was the fastest piston engine (that is, non-jet) airplane of the war. Dive bombing was pioneered by the US Navy, but quickly copied by the Japanese Navy and the German Air Force. They usually carried one five hundred pound bomb slung beneath the belly of the plane. They would come over the enemy ships at several thousand feet and nose over into a steep dive, aiming the airplane at the enemy ship below. Somewhere between one and two thousand feet they would release the bomb and pull out of their dive. Dive bombers had two crewmen - a pilot, and a tail gunner who sat behind the pilot facing backward, with machine guns to fight off enemy airplanes trying to come in on their tail and shoot them down. The Japanese had the "Val" dive bomber. The US dive bomber was the Douglas SBD Dauntless. This was the airplane which sank four Japanese carriers at Midway. Torpedo bombers were the biggest carrier aircraft. They were still single engine prop aircraft, like the others, but had to have a massive, powerful engine. They carried three men, pilot, rear gunner and radio operator. They carried a single torpedo slung externally below the plane. These torpedoes weighed just over one ton. These bombers were considered to be the worst menace to surface ships. The torpedoes they carried were the same type fired by submarines, and by destroyers on the surface. Since they had a large warhead and struck below the waterline the torpedoes could sink ships much more readily than dive bombers. It was Japanese torpedo bombers that caused most of the damage to US Navy ships at Pearl Harbor. Torpedo bombers had to come in "low and slow", less than one hundred feet above the water, and fly straight at the enemy ship, so the torpedo would run true. Meanwhile the enemy ship would be twisting and turning in wild evasive action and every anti-aircraft gun that could be brought to bear would be blazing away at the incoming torpedo bomber. At Midway, one reason the dive bombers were so successful is that the US torpedo bombers reached the Japanese fleet a few minutes before the dive bombers and attacked immediately, without waiting to coordinate the attack with the dive bombers. Every single US torpedo bomber was shot down, and they scored no hits at all on the Japanese ships. But, they did pull all the Japanese fighter planes down "on the deck" to shoot at them, so the dive bombers found no enemy fighter planes above the enemy fleet when they arrived. The Japanese had the "Kate" torpedo bomber. The US had the TBD Devastator at the start of the war, which was agonizingly slow. It was these Devastators which were slaughtered at Midway. Then the new TBD Avenger reached the fleet and became the US torpedo bomber. This was the type of aircraft flown by the first president Bush in the war.
George H.W. Bush is the nation's 10th, and final, Nimitz-class carrier.
They mostly use nuclear reactors now but formerly they used DFM. That is a marine grade diesel fuel. Some carriers are still diesel powered.
Mostly thousands of tons of steel. The hull of the ship, and the floors, walls and ceilings of all compartments within it are steel. So are most engine components, though nucl…ear powered carriers have more exotic materials in the engine room. There were also thousands of miles of copper wire, though on todays ships fiber optic cables have replaces some of this copper wire. The flight deck of WWII carriers was wood, planks laid over a steel deck.
On an Aircraft Carrier the top three people in the Chain of Command or CoC for short is as follows; Command Officer(CO) is a Captain(CAPT), Executive Officer(XO) 99% of the ti…me will also be a CAPT. Then you have the tricky one which is third in the CoC. Much like the Presidential cabinet people often do not know that the Speaker of the House is next after the Vice President. With that being said the third in the CoC of Aircraft Carrier(s) is the Carrier Air Wing Commander also known as the CAG. Reason being is because he is ultimately in charge of every plane that touches the deck of the carrier. In fact a War Room conversation aboard the carrier can not exist if the CAG is not present because he is the only one that can tell the Squadron Commanders what to do. In part the CO is only responsible for the ship and her crew. The CAG is responsible for the Air Wing(planes). Therefore if the CO and XO dies the responsibility of command falls on the CAG, and then someone else assumes the position of CAG. That Marvel Hydra saying " If you chop off one head, two more takes its place! " Very prevalent for the military organization.
In World War 2
As of 2012: 11 . Enterprise class carriers: . Enterprise . Active Nimitz class carriers: . Nimitz . Dwight D. Eisenhower . Carl Vinson . Theodore Roosevelt . … Abraham Lincoln . George Washington . John C. Stennis . Harry S. Truman . Ronald Reagan . George H.W. Bush
In US Navy
The PCU Gerald R. Ford (CVN-78) is currently under construction as the lead ship of a new class of Carrier, designed to replace the Nimitz-class fleet at some point as the… older ships start winding down their tours of service. Her keel laid down in 2009, she is expected to be commissioned for active service in 2015. The Ford-class carriers will benefit from technology designed to lower life-cycle operating costs, as well as manpower requirements.