What are frames of reference for occupational therapy intervention for schizophrenia?
Cognative behavioural FOR is the first choice
1 person found this useful
The answer is yes to both . The answer to whether family therapy is a meso- or micro-level intervention is that it is both.. To truly understand this concept, and understa…nding of systems theory is necessary. It sounds like the question is coming from the prespective of Broffenbrenner's ecological systems perspective.. Family therapy can be a micro intervention. It can deal with internal, psychological items. It can work within the microsystem of a family.. Family therapy is also a meso-level intervention. It can deal with the interaction between different sub-systems of a family (a married couple, parents and a child, etc...) and any larger system they may interact with (school system, medical system, court system, other family systems). Family therapy is a meso-level intervention because its primary consideration is not necessarily the content of the problems that are presented, but rather the process in which the given system being examined is using to address or maintain the presenting problem.
"Occupation" in occupational therapy has to do with those activities that people do in their daily lives that give their lives meaning.
A frame of reference is a system used to define location or state for physical objects. A reference frame is a system of objects that are not moving with respect to one anothe…r.
In physics, the term 'frame of reference' is usually used todescribe the relative motion between an observer and an object. Ifboth the observer and the object have the same fr…ame of reference,there is no relative motion between the two of them, such as a manlooking at his suitcase on a moving train.
Pre-occupational therapy is a group of classes that are taken atthe university level before classes can begin for occupationaltherapy. A person taking classes in pre occupatio…nal therapy, canwork as an occupational therapy assistant.
Video In digital video, a reference frame is one used to define future frames within a coding format. Physics A reference frame is a system in which observations are ma…de about the position or properties of physical objects. It can be a coordinate system such as the Cartesian axes, or latitiude and longitude, or a set of objects with a fixed relationship that are not accelerating with respect to one another (inertial frame of reference). Example of a reference frame : A passenger on an airliner, reading a book, flies directly over a friend on the ground. The person on the ground says that the book whizzed by him at 400 miles an hour. At the same moment, the passenger says that the book isn't moving at all. Both are correct within that person's frame of reference, because motion is defined according to the observer's point of view. For the passenger of the aircraft, the aircraft and everything on it is his reference frame. For the stationary observer on the ground, everything in the aircraft is seen in motion, while he is standing still. But the person on the ground (and everything on the planet) is also in a moving reference frame, the rotating and orbiting Earth. So there is no such thing as a "real" speed, or a "real" distance, or a "real" location. They all depend on what you are comparing them to.
A frame of reference is just a coordinate system for observation. For simplicity, lets consider a 2-dimensional square in Cartesian coordinates (just the usual x and y axes…). We'll say the square has a side length of 1. Now picture the square facing you, just floating. Now we are going to apply the x and y axes. The x axis will be horizontal and the y axis will be vertical. The point where they meet is called the origin, (0,0). How you place the origin and the two axes is what is considered your frame of reference. If we put the origin at the center of the square with our x axis pointing horizontally through one of the side of the square and our y axis pointing vertically through the other two sides of the square, then we the coordinates of the four corners would be (1/2,1/2), (-1/2,1/2), (1/2,-1/2), and (-1/2,-1/2). We could have put our origin at the bottom left corner of the square with the x axis going through the bottom edge and the y axis going through the left edge. Then our four corners would be (0,0),(1,0),(0,1),(1,1). Both of these are equally valid frames of reference. To summarize all of this, your frame of reference is where you define the origin, the (0,0) point, and the orientation of your axes. We could spin our axes so that its going through the corners of the square. We could shift it far away from the square; it doesn't matter what you do, the length of the square will remain 1. Enough of the 2-D case. Picture a person, person A, standing on the earth, looking into the sky. Person A will see clouds moving flowing by, and after some time, that the stars are spinning. Now zoom out into space, perhaps by the moon, and look at person A. Now you'll see person A spinning around as the earth spins around, but if you look at the stars, you would barely see any change. Definitely not spinning like person A saw. So what explains this? The change in reference frame between you and person A. Person A's perspective is known as a rotating frame of reference. They are located on a spinning body (the earth), but wouldn't even know it (unless they were looking for it). The whole world used to think the stars were rotating, until someone dared to think outside their reference frame. So this is the point where math takes over. Instead of Cartesian coordinates (x,y,z) you can get into cylindrical (r, theta, z) or spherical (row, theta, phi) or even crazier ones. It takes several years and a lot of studying of physics and math to handle the majority of coordinate systems and transformations between them. Definitely worth it though!
Cognitive Disabilities Model and HOHO
Your first step should be to see a psychiatrist. If you are unsure as to how to find a psychiatrist, I suggest seeing a social worker. There is a link to a resource for findin…g social workers in your area under the Related Links section.
The following is written by and according to the U.S. Department of Labor and particular to the job outlook for occuptional therapists. Employment is expected to grow much …faster than average. Job opportunities should be good, especially for occupational therapists treating the elderly. Employment change. Employment of occupational therapists is expected to increase by 26 percent between 2008 and 2018, much faster than the average for all occupations. The increasing elderly population will drive growth in the demand for occupational therapy services. The demand for occupational therapists should continue to rise as a result of the increasing number of individuals with disabilities or limited function who require therapy services. Older persons have an increased incidence of heart attack and stroke, which will spur demand for therapeutic services. Growth in the population 75 years and older-an age group that suffers from high incidences of disabling conditions-also will increase demand for therapeutic services. In addition, medical advances now enable more patients with critical problems to survive-patients who ultimately may need extensive therapy. However, growth may be dampened by the impact of Federal legislation imposing limits on reimbursement for therapy services. Hospitals will continue to employ a large number of occupational therapists to provide therapy services to acutely ill inpatients. Hospitals also will need occupational therapists to staff their outpatient rehabilitation programs. Employment growth in schools will result from the expansion of the school-age population and the federally funded extension of services for disabled students. Therapists will be needed to help children with disabilities prepare to enter special education programs. Job prospects. Job opportunities should be good for licensed occupational therapists in all settings, particularly in acute hospital, rehabilitation, and orthopedic settings because the elderly receive most of their treatment in these settings. Occupational therapists with specialized knowledge in a treatment area also will have increased job prospects. Driver rehabilitation, training for the elderly, and ergonomic consulting are emerging practice areas for occupational therapy. For the source and more detailed information concerning your request, click on the related links section (U.S. Department of Labor) indicated directly below this answer section.
Manual Muscle Testing
It's definitely not a major that anyone can sleep through, but any program leading into a masters degree won't be easy. If you are good with science courses and social skills …it will be worth it, however, and after years of schooling the rest will be a piece of cake.
It is St Therese, the little flower.
Schizophrenia is treated with antipsychotic drugs used in the lowest effective doses. The antipsychotic drugs work mainly to antagonize (inhibit) dopamine and serotonin recept…ors in specific areas of the brain that are in dysfunction
An occupational therapist can suggest home or work modifications to reduce fatigue and improve function.
Occupational therapy includes learning how to use devices to assist in walking (artificial limbs, canes, crutches, walkers), getting around without walking (wheelchairs or mot…orized scooters), or moving from one spot to another (boards, lifts and bars)
Drug therapy is the preferred method of therapy, along with talk therapy (especially cognitive-behavioral therapy).