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What do US Supreme Court Justices do?

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The Justices of the U.S. Supreme Court interpret the law. When we say "the Court" (meaning the U.S. Supreme Court), we mean the Justices of the Supreme Court. The Court (the Justices) decide "sticking points" in law and hand down a "final" decision on the matter.

In general, the U.S. Supreme Court (collectively) will decide which cases to hear, and this from among those brought up to it. The Court (the Justices) review the particulars of each case, and then hear or decline to hear that case.

For cases that are heard, the Court will review what has been done in the lower courts, and will consider new material presented to it. At the end of the presentation of all material, the Court will review all that is before them on a given case, and each justice will take a side and decide the case. The Court may split with "half" the Justices on one side and "half" on the other side. (There are an odd number of Justices, so there are no "ties" to be reckoned with.) Then a majority opinion and a minority opinion will be rendered. The cases heard by the Court allow the Court to offer final adjudication of the case, and set precedents in law.

Supreme Court Justices hear a limited number of cases on final appeal, and interpret the law relative to the United States Constitution.

They also have Original Jurisdiction (first court) over conflicts between the states.

They judge certain court cases that usually improve the U.S. and make history. One of the most famous cases was "Brown vs. (The) Board of Education."

They are also responsible for interpreting the Constitution and federal law, and monitoring how those rules are applied in the real world.

Their main functions are to interpret the Constitution and to examine challenged laws to ensure they comply with constitutional mandates.
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