What is the difference between Autism and Idiot Savant?

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Autism is a class of brain disorders involving the processing of information, especially social cues. The degree of impairment differs based on the type of autism, which is why autism is often called a spectrum disorder.

Idiot savant is the pejorative and now-defunct term used for a person with savant syndrome, defined as having an extreme or excessive talent focused in one well-defined area, such as: photographic memory, large-number calculation skill, calendar calculation ability, or a near-intuitive talent or drawing or sculpting. While being autistic or mentally impaired certainly isn't a requirement for savant syndrome, they make up the majority of those who do have it; which is how the original term came about in the first place.
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