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What is the difference between gestational diabetes and diabetes insipidus?
Gestational diabetes occur only while pregnant while the other one not.
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What is the mortality rate of diabetes insipidus? Even if untreated, DI does not cause death or reduce life expectancy unless the patient gets into a situation in which he or… she cannot get an adequate supply of drinkable water. This can happen, for example, if the patient loses consciousness, is unable to talk or move about, or is stranded in the desert or ocean (sea water is undrinkable). Therefore, it is a good idea always to carry a medical alert bracelet or card and to take extra precautions to carry extra water as well as medication when traveling in areas in which either may be difficult to obtain. where as diabetes mellitus can kill you fairly quickly with the damage it does untreated.... diabetes mellitus can cause the following untreated.... (listed the 2 most deadly). Diabetic ketoacidosis . Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is an acute and dangerous complication that is always a medical emergency . Lack of insulin causes the liver to turn fat into ketone bodies , a fuel mainly used by the brain. Elevated levels of ketone bodies in the blood decrease the blood's pH , leading to most of the symptoms of DKA. On presentation at hospital, the patient in DKA is typically dehydrated and is breathing rapidly and deeply. Abdominal pain is common and may be severe. The level of consciousness is typically normal until late in the process, when lethargy may progress to coma. Ketoacidosis can become severe enough to cause hypotension , shock , and death. Prompt proper treatment usually results in full recovery, though death can result from inadequate or delayed treatment, or from complications. Ketoacidosis is much more common in type 1 diabetes than type 2.. Nonketotic hyperosmolar coma . The hyperosmolar nonketotic state (HNS) is an acute complication with many symptoms in common with DKA, but an entirely different cause and different treatment. In a person with very high blood glucose levels (usually considered to be above 300 mg/dl (16 mmol/l)), water is drawn out of cells into the blood by osmosis and the kidneys dump glucose into the urine. This results in loss of water and an increase in blood osmolality . If fluid is not replaced (by mouth or intravenously), the osmotic effect of high glucose levels combined with the loss of water will eventually lead to dehydration . The body's cells become progressively dehydrated as water is taken from them and excreted. Electrolyte imbalances are also common and dangerous. As with DKA, urgent medical treatment is necessary, especially volume replacement. Lethargy may ultimately progress to a coma, which is more common in type 2 diabetes than type 1.
Answer . Diabetes insipidus does not have the symptom of elevated blood glucose levels. It occurs when the kidney develops an inability of concentrate urine, so even when t…he intake of fluid reduces and output of urine does not decrease. See also the page for diabetes mellitus on wikipedia.
Diabetes insipidus is a disorder where urine cannot be concentrated as usual, because of a lack of anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). ADH is responsible for inserting water channels… into the collecting duct (in the kidney), which allows water to be reabsorbed. This disorder results in dehydration, excessive thirst and excessive amounts of urine. It is unrelated to diabetes (diabetes mellitus) except that the symptoms are similar.
low urine specific gravity, high blood concentration, glycosuria,and polydipsia
I'm not positive but, a doctor would likely get a blood sample to determine your levels of Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH) an insufficient amount of ADH is what causes the symptoms… of DI. Also, patients with DI typically urinate around 40 Liters a day
Diabetes Mellitus is mainly caused by deficiency of insulin due to either destruction of Istet of Langerhans present in the pancreas or any autoimmune cause. Here there is inc…reased blood sugar level and sugar starts to appear to come with urine. It even becomes fatal when sugar level increases very much. While Diabetes insipidus is caused by defect in secretion of vasopressin (Antidiuretic Harmone) which is secreted from pituitary gland present in hypothalamus. Its function is to reabsorb water from distal tubules in the kidney and due to this it contol the concentration of urine. But its deficiency causes increased water excretion through urine even in low intake of water.
"Diabetes" is what one has. Diabetic is how one is.
Diabetes insipidus is simple failure to concentrate urine, because of a lack of (or resistance to) the anti-diuretic hormone Vasopressin (aka "ADH"), made in the hypothalamus …and stored in the pituitary gland in the brain. The name "Diabetes insipidus" comes from the victim's copious urine ("Diabetes" means 'funnel' or 'spout') and the 'insipidus' refers to the tasteless nature of the urine, which is mostly water. Diabetes Mellitus refers to "sweet" (mellitus) copious urine. Again the victim urinates copiously, but this time the urine is sweet. This is because a DM sufferer is short on a different hormone, insulin, produced by the beta cells of the pancreas. This hormone's job is to regulate energy use by allowing the body to use glucose, its chief fuel for energy. If the hormone is absent or ignored, the body refuses to accept glucose from the blood. The glucose builds up in the blood, eventually being filtered out by the kidneys, where it causes the production of lots of extra-sweet urine. Both conditions cause polyuria (excess urination), polydipsia (excess thirst/drinking), and dehydration, but for very different reasons. This is why doctors used to need to taste the urine to give a diagnosis.
Both diabetes mellitis and diabetes insipidus cause increased uriine production, hence the name from the Greek, Diabetes. However, diabetes mellitis is caused by problems maki…ng or using insulin, and diabetes insipidus is caused by problems making or using ADH. There are two types of diabetes mellitus: . A severe, chronic form of diabetes caused by insufficient production of insulin and resulting in abnormal metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. The disease, which typically appears in childhood or adolescence, is characterized by increased sugar levels in the blood and urine, excessive thirst, frequent urination, acidosis, and wasting. Also called insulin-dependent diabetes , type 1 diabetes . . A mild form of diabetes that typically appears first in adulthood and is exacerbated by obesity and an inactive lifestyle. This disease often has no symptoms, is usually diagnosed by tests that indicate glucose intolerance, and is treated with changes in diet and an exercise regimen. Also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes , type 2 diabetes . Diabetes insipidus (DI) is unrelated to diabetes mellitus and has nothing to do with glucose. The symptoms include excessive thirst and constant urination because of the inability of the kidneys to regulate fluid. It its most common form, called central diabetes insipidus, it is caused by a deficiency of antidiuretic hormone (ADH). In the second most common type, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus is is caused by the kidneys being insensitive to antidiuretic hormone (ADH). It can also be caused by prescribed medications.
How does the mechanism by which diuresis occurs with diabetes insipidus differ from that which occurs in diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes insipidus causes diuresis due to hormonal imbalances. Diabetes mellitus causes diuresis due to high blood sugar leaking into the urine and taking excess water along w…ith it.
The previous answer was: "thirst and increased micturation", which is entirely unhelpful and not even truly an answer to the question that you've posed. Diabetes Insipidus …is a disturbance of the body's water metabolism, which results in excessive excretion of heavily dilute urine. It can be caused by damage to the pituitary gland, or by a failure of the kidneys to properly utilize the hormone ADH. In addition, it can be caused by excessive water intake. Symptoms include an unquenchable thirst, polyuria, nocturia, dehydration, constipation, and dry skin. Diabetes Mellitus, on the other hand, deals with the body's glucose levels and utilization. It is characterized by persistent hyperglycemia, which is caused either by insufficient insulin production (Type I) or by a failure of the body to react properly to insulin (Type II).
Diabetes insipidus is due to the kidney not being able to concentrate urine. The cardinal symptom is increased urination but patients often do not notice this. Other symptoms …can include dehydration, dizziness, cramps, fatigue and confusion. On laboratory testing a high serum sodium is usually found.
In gestational diabetes, the pancreas is not at fault. Instead, the problem is in the placenta.
Diabetes insipidus is caused by a lack of anti-diuretic hormone. This hormone is usually responsible for creating water channels in the collecting duct of the kidney, which al…lows urine to be concentrated.
Yes, however, they are usually not related to each other. But you can have both depending on your condition. They are two separate disease.