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What is the difference between group term life insurance and individual term life insurance?
Group term life insurance is a type of life insurance provided for employees by their employer. An employer buys a master policy and issues certificates to employees denoting coverage under the plan. Group life insurance is also available through unions and associations. It is usually issued as yearly renewable term insurance, but some plans provide permanent life insurance. Employers may pay all of the cost, or share the cost with employees. Regardless of your reason for termination of employment, employees may have the option to convert their coverage to an individual life insurance policy without evidence of insurability or taking a physical examination. Usually, conversion must be within 30 days of ending your employment. The new premium upon conversion of the policy is based on the employee's age at the time. An individual life insurance policy is owned by the insured (in most cases). The insured usually pays the premiums and decides who the beneficiaryis for the policy. An indivual life insurance policy insured just one life. A group life insurance policy insures many lives.
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Answer Whole life combines savings with a life insurance policy. Term life is just the policy and is generally much cheaper. A smart invester would never buy whole life… until all other savings are maxed out (IRA's, 401K, etc.) and it is the last resort. David Bach (Author of "Smart Couples Finish Rich") says to buy Term Life Insurance and invest the difference. Many times with a whole life policy, your life insurance goes up and down inside of the policy. So you are saving very little over the years, certainly not enough to retire. Putting your money into a Term policy and the difference into an IRA or increase your 401K contribution is much smarter in the long run. Answer The significant difference between whole and term life insurance can boil down to the fact that at the end of the day, a term life policy offers only life coverage. Unlike whole life insurance that adds on an investment component. This in turn makes whole life insurance policies much more expensive. This extra cost might make sense if the investments assured rich pay offs. But this is not always the case. Marketed as retirement funds or forced savings, it has to be said that there are several more effective ways to invest your money. Many of these policies come along with commissions and high fees. In comparison, term life policies are inexpensive. And if you are smart enough to purchase your policy when you are young and healthy, the returns far outweigh the modest premiums.
Term is strictly protection. Whole life is protection plus cash value. Cash value is similar a to a savings account within the policy. Part of the periodic premium goes to pay… for the insurance protection, and part is applied to the accumulation of cash value. Term insurance can be purchased for a specified period to coincide with your needs (such as raising children), such as, 5, 10, 20 or 30 years. Whole life also can be purchased for a specified time, but when done so, the specified time will me stated in terms of how long it will take to pay the policy in full such than no further premiums are due. When that occurs, the policy remains in force, whereas if premiums stop with term insurance, the coverage lapses. Whole life insurance is for life, or up to the age of 100! You do not need to renew it and the premiums are fixed for life. They are usually high when compared to term life insurance. This is because whole life insurance has cash value benefits as well which you can dip into. This comes in handy when you may have need of money.
Whole life insurance provides lifetime protection and builds cash value within the policy. As long as you pay your premiums on time, your life insurance remains in effect. … Term life insurance provides temporary protection for a specific number of years, usually 1-30 years. If you outlive your policy, the life insurance coverage expires. Term life insurance is less expensive than whole life insurance in most cases. Whole Life (WL) is considered "permanent" insurance; that is, it is intended to be kept for one's entire life. WL also builds "cash value", which may be borrowed or used to pay premiums . Term (T) is a non-cash value type of coverage, which runs for a term of time e.g. 10, 20 or 30 years. At the end of the policy term, the contract terminates, and coverage ends. Answer Whole life insurance will cover you for your whole life, or up to the age of 100. Term life will cover you only for a specified term - 10, 15, 20 or 30 years. Whole life insurance is more expensive than term life insurance. This is because whole life insurance also acts as an investment and will accrue cash value over the years. These can be utilized by the policy owner whenever needs arise. In contrast, term life policies do not carry any cash/surrender value. If the policy holder survives the term, there are no returns on premiums paid, unless it is a ROP term policy. You can learn more about the differences between the two policies at Term vs. Whole Life Insurance.
Group term life insurance is a form of life insurance protection provided by an employer for its employees. A group term life policy is usually issued for a period of one year…, and renewable each year. The premiums are experienced rated, based on the company's deaths, and range of employees' ages. If your employment is terminated, you may be able to convert your group term life insurance coverage to an individual permanent life insurance policy, which will cost you more money. However, it must be noted that you do not automatically have the option to convert your group life insurance to an individual plan. A major drawback of these group plans is that many times you have to leave it behind if you change jobs. For that reason, you should always try to purchase your own plan if you are healthy.
Whole life 1) Whole Life is a form of permanent insurance. Permanent insurance comes in a variety of forms, e.g., universal, variable universal, equity-indexed, etc. All have… unique attributes, advantages and disadvantages. 2) Premiums remain fixed until a predetermined age, until the policy matures or "endows" (typically age 100), or when you die. If you live to endowment age, the company will pay the face amount of the policy to you, tax-free. 3) There will typically be a "surrender period", often 10 years. The surrender charges decrease over time, thus, it may appear that in the early years, all premiums go to the insurance company as the surrender charges may equal the accumulated value. At the end of the surrender period the surrender value will equal the cash value. 4) Cash value typically accumulates at an annual interest of around 3%. 5) You may access money from the policy be either withdrawing from or by borrowing from the cash value. Withdrawals above basis will be treated as income and taxed accordingly. Loans from the policy do not incur taxes. Interest will be assessed on a loan, typically between 3% and 6%, sometimes as high as 8%, depending on the policy. 6) If there is a loan balance at death, it will be deducted from the face amount of the policy. If you cancel the policy while there's a loan balance, you may be responsible for income taxes on the gains. 7) When you die, the face amount (less any loans, loan interest due, and missed premiums) will be paid to your beneficiary. 8) Because cash value is accumulating in the policy, you are actually only paying for the difference between the face value and the accumulated value. For example, if you have cash value of $250, 000 in a $1,000,000 policy, you are only purchasing $750,000 of insurance. This is how much the insurance company must come up with to add to your cash value to pay your beneficiary the full $1,000,000. 9) Properly designed, the cost of insurance will decrease over time to the point no money is required out of pocket - any insurance costs are taken directly from the cash value (and therefore paid with tax-free money). Term Insurance 1) Does not build cash value. This allows you to save money elsewhere - possibly with better returns. 2) While premiums appear to be considerably lower than whole life insurance - the actual cost of the insurance itself is not substantially different. This is because a) whole life has an investment component (i.e., only a portion of your deposit goes to the insurance cost), and b) the insurance company is obligating themselves to take on the added risk that comes with aging. 3) Provides coverage for a limited time, then expires (like home-owner's or auto insurance). 4) At the end of the term, some companies may renew without proof of insurability. However, most will require underwriting. If you are still insurable, the premiums will be considerably higher as you are now that much older. (To get an idea of how much more, get quotes for both your current age and 20 years older.) 5) Keep in mind that term insurance only pays about 3% of the time. The other 97% outlive their policies. (Just like home-owner's or auto insurance, we hope to never have to use it!) The original author said: Some may argue that it will get more expensive when it is time to renew your term insurance. While that is true, you should put together a plan so that you don't need life insurance forever. I think 20 year level term is long enough for most people. If not, a 30 year level term. Lets say you got a 30 year level term and pay about $600/year for $500,0000 coverage. And you invest $400/month into a Roth IRA for the next 30 years. The investments I own have an average rate of return of 12% in the past 30 years. To be conservative, lets say you get a 8% return in the next 30 years. In 30 years, you will have about $600k saved for retirement. If you get 12%, it will be $1.4 million. I add: Renewal of term insurance will absolutely be more expensive. Guaranteed. Will you need life insurance forever? Who knows? If your child were diagnosed with multiple sclerosis at age 40, would you want to be able to provide for him/her well beyond your death? If you died six months after Bernie Madoff cleaned you and your wife out 10 years into retirement, would you want her to regain her footing? Will your heirs incur estate taxes? An $20M estate in 2011 may incur taxes of $8M or even more! (Do you really want to say "Sorry, kids, I chose to give the IRS half of your inheritance..."?) Life insurance isn't necessarily just about the people you leave behind though, it can also be about you: Do you own a business? There are few (if any) better methods to transfer money from the business to the owner tax-efficiently. Likewise, there are few, if any, better methods to sell or transfer ownership of a business than through the use of life insurance. Do you want to pay for your children's college? Sure there are 529 plans, but what if your kid gets a full scholarship? Or doesn't go to college? You can give the plan to a niece or nephew or you can pay tax on the growth and pay a penalty. As far as investments are concerned, anyone making 12% per year for 30 years deserves huge kudos. (While the stock market has averaged 12%, the individual investor has averaged closer to 6%. Sad but true statistic.) I'm glad the original author said "Roth IRA" - tax-free income trumps taxable income. But what if you make too much to qualify for a Roth IRA? Do you have the means and desire to contribute more than $400 to a Roth IRA? What if you want a Roth for yourself, a 529 plan for your children, and need life insurance? So, give me the bottom line!!! Is whole life or term better? Neither is better than the other. But one will offer a better solution than the other for your particular needs, goals, and abilities. No one in this forum - or on the web - can answer that for your situation. We can only help educate you about the products, their differences, pros and cons, and even offer our own opinions or biases. Talk to your financial advisors - knowing the facts first will keep them honest!
Term insurance can be thought of as "pure protection" in the sense that it provides only a death benefit, and then, only if the insured dies for a reason that is not exclu…ded by the policy during the term of the policy. Frequently, the maximum term of 20 years from the date of issue, although it is sometimes stated as being the attainment of a fixed age by the insured. A related characteristic is that it accumulates no "cash value", which is often thought to be something akin to a savings element. If premiums cease to be paid while the insured is still alive, the coverage of a term policy ends at the end of any grace period for the payment of premium (often, 30 days). In contrast, a whole life policy is sometimes called "permanent insurance". The premium is greater than the premium for a term policy of the same face amount, because a portion of the premium is applied to the actuarial determined cost of providing the protection, and a portion is applied to the cash value. Although the cash value accumulates slowly at first, it "gathers steam" over a period of time. One of the characteristics of cash value is that at some point during the policy's life, it may reach a point of being sufficient to support the policy and thereby render unnecessary the need for further premium payments. There are many variants of whole life coverage, such as types that permit the insured to invest a portion of the premium into a mutual fund. Keep in mind always that life insurance is designed as protection and not as an investment. Make your choices accordingly, do your due diligence, understand your current and anticipated financial needs, and seek out unbiased advice. Moreover, only transact business with an insurer and an agent that/whom is licensed to transact insurance business in your state. License information can be had through your state's Department of Insurance located in the state capitol. The insured will not get any assured money in term life insurance but in case of whole life insurance, the insured will get assured money at the end of the maturity.
Term life is temporary coverage for a period of time that you choose based on your needs (mortgage paid off, kids finish college, retirement, etc) for 10, 15, 20, or 30 years.… Regular simple term does not accumulate any cash value. If you add the Return of premium rider you will receive all premiums paid, back at the end of the term chosen. Whole Life is permanent insurance (guaranteed to stay in force to age 100, 115, etc) and can accumulate cash value. Contact an experienced agent to help you choose what's best for your situation.
Term Life Insurance will protect you for a limited period of time. It is considered pure protection life insurance. You have options for 1 year renewable term, 10 years, 15, 2…0 and 30 years term. Some companies even offer a 40 years term, or term to age 65. Your life is covered for the length of the contract. At the end of the selected term, you have the option to terminate coverage, or convert the term policy to a permanent life insurance (whole life or universal life insurance). Some term policies will return all premiums paid at the end of the term. You have to have the Return of Premium option on the policy in order to get all your money back. Universal Life insurance policy is designed to stay in force for the rest of your life, and it can accumulate cash value. Universal life policies have two components: protection and investment. Premiums are higher for Universal Life, versus Term Life, due to the investment portion which accumulates cash value. Depending where you are in your life and financial situation, term may be your best option if you want to protect your family or dependents for a determined amount of time (until children finish college); or if you want to protect your dependents for as long as you live (up to age 120 is available) then Universal Life or Whole life are your best bet.
The difference between term life insurance and whole life insurance is that a term policy covers the insured for a "term of years" whereas a whole insurance policy covers the …insured for the entire life period.
Term life insurance if only for the life of the coverage holder, once deceased the amount is paid to the beneficiary. Permanent life insurance, known as whole life insurance, …combines term life insurance with an investment option.
Term Life insurance is a type of policy used for a set amount and a predetermined number of years that is paid out during one's lifetime. Whole life insurance is term combine…d with a type of investment policy that allows you to borrow against it during the span of the policy because it is constantly increasing in value.
The basic difference is that a term policy pays upon death or it expires when the term is reached. Whole life insurance gains value like an investment.
The difference between whole and life term insurance is that a term policy is life insurance only whereas the whole insurance combines a term policy and a investment component… so one can build cash value and borrow against it.
A term life insurance is during the insurer's life only. When he or she is gone, then the insurance ends. The whole life insurance on the other hand has what the term life ins…urance covers plus more.
Term life insurance is an insurance that is set for a specific time period, for example, one can obtain term life insurance for 30 years. Whole life insurance covers one from …application to death.
A term life insurance policy is a basic protection that covers expenses in case of an accidental death, it will sometimes cover debilitating injuries, but only briefly. A univ…ersal insurance policy covers a wider category and can sometimes be cashed in.
Life insurance is a more general concept that may refer to either whole life insurance or term life insurance. Whole life insurance gathers value the longer you have it, where…as Term life insurance does not obtain any value that you may use before you die. Term life insurance only pays out when you die.