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What is the difference between spermatogenesis and oogenesis?

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  1. Spermatogenesis takes place in the testes of males, oogenesis takes place in the ovary of the females.
  2. Spermatogenesis produces small, motile spermatozoa whereas in oogenesis the ovum is spherical, not motile and is much larger with more food reserves and cytoplasm.
  3. Spermatogenesis involves a metamorphosis stage called spermiogenesis, in oogenesis there is no metamorphosis stage.
  4. In spermatogenesis, 4 gametes are produced from each meiotic division, whereas in oogenesis there is only 1 gamete produced from each division as the unequal cytokinesis leads to the formation of polar bodies.
  5. Spermatogenesis occurs in males (human males) continuously from puberty to death whereas oogenesis starts in females in the fetal period. It takes 70 days for sperm to be produced in males.
  6. In oogenesis, the development of the oocyte is arrested at prophase I of meiosis until puberty, and then stops at metaphase II of meiosis until fertilization, where the meiotic division is finally completed. In males meiosis occurs continuously
  7. The hormones in the 2 processes have different effects - in oogenesis, FSH is responsible for the choice of the primary oocyte and causes the cells of the membrana granulosa to proliferate to form the theca interna which secretes oestrogen, and the theca externa. LH in females stimulates ovulation and the maturation of the Graafian follicle. In males, on the other hand, FSH increases the activity of the Sertoli cells which are involved in spermiogenesis (the metamorphosis stage of spermatogenesis). LH in males stimulates the Leydig cells to secrete testosterone.
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Function of the polar bodies in oogenesis?

Although the polar bodies do not become anything they do serve a purpose in reproduction/oogenesis. The polar bodies are the byproducts of the primary and secondary oocyte a

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What is spermatogenesis?

Spermatogenesis is the development of mature spermatozoa (sperm cells) from spermatogonia; it includes spermatocytogenesis and spermiogenesis. In the testes there are seminif

Compare and contrast spermatogenesis and Oogenesis?

  Meiosis, the process by which gametes are formed, can also be called gametogenesis, literally "creation of gametes." The specific type of meiosis that forms sperm is cal

How are oogenesis and spermatogenesis similar?

Oogenesis is the formation of the ovum, and spermatogenesis is the formation of the sperm. These two processes are similar as they are both formed by meiosis, (reduction divis