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What things fall apart in Things Fall Apart?
The "things" that fall apart in the book are really the Ibo way of life, and Okonkwo's life as he knows it. Okonkwo had built himself up to be a self made man, who had aspirations to be a leader in the tribe. In a incident that involves his gun blowing up and fatally wounding another clansman, he is banished to his motherland for 7 years. It is in this way that Okonkwo's life falls apart, in a split second. The way the Ibo culture and values fall apart is when Christianity comes to the villages. The missionaries come and try to convert some tribe members, when they have converted some people, the old tribe members began to question their old faith and belief. It came to the point that Enoch disrespected the Ibo tribe by unmasking an Egwugwu. By the doubt that the Christianity put into the minds of the Ibo clansman, it made the structure that the Ibo tribe was built on fall apart.
The significant steps that cause Okonkwo's life to fall apart are:
The significant steps that cause Okonkwo's life to fall apart are:
- He is punished for beating his wife during the week of peace, when nobody is allowed to display violence.
- Ikemefuna, the boy he has taken care of, Okonkwo's ideal son, is sentenced to die.
- Okonkwo ends up delivering the killing blow to Ikemefuna.
- Okonkwo kills a clansman accidentally at the funeral from a gun misfunction.
- The impact of Christianity particularly Okonkwo's son, Nwoye, abandoning the Ibo faith to join Christianity.
- Okonkwo gets fed up with his fellow clansmen betraying the Ibo culture leads him to kill a colonialist messenger.
- Okonkwo kills himself at the end of the story.
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Okonkwo is the epitome of the Ibo culture. He is a great warrior, and has many titles. In part one of the book it is giving background information about the culture, tradition…s, and beliefs of the people, and how Okonkwo represents that. At the end of part one he accidentally kills a young boy, and is exiled to his mothers homeland for seven years. In those seven years, the white missionaries come and try to convert people to their religion, and succeed in doing so with some people causing things to fall apart. In part three, it is apparent to the people of the clan that the white men had not only brought a religion but a government. Okonkwo and several others gather to plan a revolt, and messengers for the white men come and tell them to stop. Okonkwo kills the head messenger, and then for reasons the reader can only infer, hangs himself - an abomination to their people.
Okonkwo is the main character. Unoka is Okonkwo's father. Wives: Okonkwo's first wife, never named. Ekwefi: Okonkwo's second wife. Ojiugo: Okonkwo's third wife. Ch…ildren: Nwoye: eldest son of his first wife. Obiageli: daughter of his first wife. Ikemefuna: adopted son, brought back from Mbaino. Ezinma: daughter of Ekwefi Uchendu: Okonkwo's uncle. Obierika: Okonkwo's best friend. Chielo: Priestess to the Oracle Agbala. Minor characters: Nwakibie: Prosperous man of Umuofia.Ogbuefi Ezeudu: Oldest man of Umuofia, whom dies.Evil Forest: Head of the egwugwu Mr. Kiaga: First priest of Mbanta.Mr. Brown: First priest in Umuofia.Akunna: Clansman of Umuofia who argues with Mr. Brown about religion.Mr. Smith: Second priest in Umuofia.Enoch: A religious convert who causes trouble.District Commissioner Okonkwo's other children: Nkechi: daughter of OjiugoNneka: first child born to Okonkwo in Mbanta. "Mother is Supreme."Nwofia: son born 2 years after Nneka. "Begotten in the Wilderness."Onwumbiko: "Death, I Implore you." Third children borne to Ekwefi who dies in his fifteenth month.Ozoemena: "May it not happen again." 4th child of Ekwefi, born after Onwumbiko. Dies in her eleventh month.Onwuma: "Death may please himself." 5th child of Ekwefi. ... Very Minor characters: Amalinze the Cat: A legendary wrestler who is undefeated for 5 years until Okonkwo throws him.Okoye: A man who asks Unoke to pay back his debts to him.Ogbuefi Ezeugo: Powerful orator of UmuofiaOgbuefi Udo: Man of Umuofia whose wife is killed in the Mbaino marketplace.Anasi: First wife of NwakibieOgbuefi Idigo: Many who also makes very good snuff Obiako: Palm-wine tapper who suddenly gave up his trade. Had a poor father.AkukaliaIgwelo: Nwakibie's eldest son whom is forced to drink the dregs of the wine.Osugo: Man whom Okonkwo calls a woman.Ezeani: priest of the Earth goddessvillage rain makerMaduka: Obierika's son who wins a wrestling competition.Okafo: Champion wrestler who beats Ikufue.Ikufue: Other champion wrestler who loses to Okafo.Akueke: Daughter of Obierika whom is to be wed.Akueke's motherIbe: Akueke's suitorUkegbu: Ibe's fatherMachi: Obierika's eldest brotherAmadi: Local leperOkagbue: medicine man Uzowulu: man who beats wife excessivelyMgabfo: wife of Uzowulu Odukwe: in-law of Uzowulu, brother of Mgabfo Okeke: man who makes inferior snuff, from MbantaNwankwo: one of Obeirika's extended family. Mgbogo: Woman who falls ill with IbaUdenkwo: woman with infantEzelagbo: woman whose child releases a cow. Ogbuefi Ezenwa: Man who Okonkwo offers snuff-bottle to Ezeudu's son: shot by Okonkwo.Okoli: Christian convert rumored to have killed the sacred python.Guards MessengersKotma (white men's servants, guards, etc.) Aneto man who killed his corrupt neighbour, Oduche Nnama, many who bribed the white man. Oduche, who was killed as a result of a land dispute. Gods: Chukwu: The overlord of all men and gods.Agbala: Oracle of the hillsAni: Owner of all landsIfejioku: God of yamsAmadiora: God of thunder and the skies The Christian God.Akalogoli: evil god ...
Ani is the goddess who is owner of all lands, the earth goddess and source of all fertility. She was also the ultimate judge of morality and conduct. Moreover she was in conta…ct with the dead whose bodies had been buried in the earth.
There are many things that fall apart in Things Fall Apart, so they should be taken one at a time. Ikemefuna's life: - Murder of Umuofian Ogbuefi Udo's wife by a Mbanta man …in the Mbanta market: Although Ikemefuna was not responsible, he became part of the peace offering toward Umuofia, and was displaced from his home. - Declaration of death by the Oracle of Agbala: Even though Ikemefuna had adapted miraculously to his new home, as soon as the Oracle decreed Ikemefuna must die, his life ended. Okonkwo's ambition: - Okonkwo's fear: Okonkwo's fear of being like his father, an agbala, caused him many problems including a fierce manliness, a lack of temper, emotion, and reasonability. - Okonkwo's lack of temper: Okonkwo's beating of his wife during the festival of Ani, causes him much disrepute among his neighbours. - Okonkwo's lack of emotion: Okonkwo's apparent lack of remorse for disturbing the festival of Ani, causes him more disrepute among his neighbours who take him to be callous and not humble towards the gods. -The accident killing Ekeudu's son. This accident causes Okonkwo to be exiled for 7 years. -The arrival of the colonists. -The conversion of Nwoye. -The killing of the messenger. -Okonkwo's death. Okonkwo's family unity: - Okonkwo's need for manliness. It also causes him to beat his children excessively in a vain attempt to get them to work harder. It distances himself from Nwoye. His fear of being perceived weak causes him to kill Ikemefuna. - The death of Ikemefuna. - Okonkwo's lack of emotion: This causes Nwoye to distance himself from his father and the tribe. - Nwoye's conversion to Christianity. Ibo culture: -Christianity: The church disproved many of the Ibo superstitions, and implicitly encouraged the Ibo to break traditions. -Settlers: The settlers killed the village of Abame, and attempted to convert the rest, while imposing their power upon the lands. -The Ibo tribe: Their lack of a central structure made them easy to separate and convert or conquer. They could not offer a consolidated defense against the invaders and their customs. Their own culture was occasionally repressive, and caused rifts between the people and the society. -Their own culture: Their own culture prevented them from stopping their brothers who had joined the white man's ranks. -Soldiers: The soldiers prevented the Ibo from forcefully removing the white men. -The converts: The converts would bring white reinforcements in event of any revolution.
The resolution of the main character was to commit suicide because he had seen his village abandon their honor and name. He wanted to fight the white missionaries, but no one …supported him. That was when he realized he was alone, and no longer cared for his life.
Various companies published this book by Chinua Achebe throughout the years, although it was first published by a smaller London publishing company which was later absorbed in…to a bigger one.
Nwakibie is the richest man in Umuofia, and is a man of many titles. When other people need financial favours, they go to see him.
The crisis is losing your way of life. In the story the Villages lost their everyday customs and traditions because of the white missionaries that moved into their homeland. T…he white missionaries turned many of the people into Christians. They told the people of the village that their religion was false. In the end no one had the power to stand up to the change, and the main character, Okonkwo, could not bear it and committed suicide.
the man who killed the python, falls ill mysteriously and dies. His death proves the gods are watching; after that, the clan relaxes its stance towards the Christians.
There are three women that play a major role in Things Fall Apart by Chinua Achebe. The first is Okonkwo's (the protagonist) second wife, Ekwefi. She has a history of children… that die soon after birth. She cares very deeply for her only living child, a daughter, Ezinma. Ezinma is thought to be an ogbanje, or a devil child that continues to die and re-enter her mother's wound to be born again, but is proven to be a pleasant child. The third major woman is Chielo, the priestess to the village's ultimate god, who is a normal person by day and fearful priestess by night. Other minor women include Okonkwo's first wife who is never addressed by name except as Nwoye's mother, and his third wife, Ojiugo.
People who couldn't attend an assembly of the freeborn.
Because Okonkwo is afraid of being like his father, he refuses to show emotions and change his views when the white men take over. When he murders one of the kotma (kinsmen wh…o have joined forces with the white men) he realizes all hope for rebellion is lost and that in the end he failed. So he hangs himself. Also his son converts to Christianity, he gets exiled from the clan for seven years, and he gets arrested. He also dishonors the tribes ancestors and their earth goddess Ani many times over causing reoccurring shame in and on his family.
If I have to come with another title, I would probably borrow a couple words from French writer Jean Jacques Baudelaire and say: African Colonization, "The Flower of the Evil"…. I read a couple comments on the book, and found out that no one really captured the message that novelist-Chinua Achebe - tried to vehicle. " Things Fall Apart" sounds so nostalgic for those who believe that Africa civilization and traditional culture were beautifully unique and that colonialism was 100% evil; of course, some African civilization traits before the "white men" were really great. Remember the yearly wrestling event where all 9 villages gathered to celebrate the yam festival? Remember the main character of the novel Okonkwo beating Amalinze the Cat? Remember the famous African drums and young girls singing at the moonlight? Remember all those great African proverbs in the book? All those nostalgic cultural elements felt apart when colonization was introduced in Africa. But, to effectively interpret "Things fall apart" Time and Space are two crucial variables that we need to consider. We are in 1959 in Africa. During those days all literature (oral or written) were "engaged literatures," geared toward fighting Colonialism. Shenghor wrote: the" Negitude". Oyono wrote: the old Nega and the Medal. Camara Laye wrote the Black Kid. All those literatures were written to celebrate the beauty of the Africa traditional culture as if everything was perfect. Chinua Achebe had no choice but to follow "the engaged model" of the African Literature of that time. At the end of "Things Fall Apart" Achebe seemed to regret why he did not choose a better title for his novel. Chinua Achebe realized that "the African traditional culture that every African writer tends to celebrate, had serious unrevealed dark spots. For example, in Thinks Fall Apart, twins were considered by the Ibo tradition as evil creatures and were consequently killed in the secret forest. Okonkwo killed Ikemefuna with a machete. Those are some examples of the dark sides of the Africa traditional civilization. Again, lf I have to find another title to replace "Things Fall Apart", I would write: African Colonization, the flower of Evil" . I have no doubt in my mind that colonization was evil because of its negative aspects and the division (balkanization) that colonization has created among black African countries. But, let's acknowledge that, colonization had its advantages. Chritianism was introduced to pacify the "savage and primitive side" of the Ibo traditions - (killing twins, and children, beating women etc…) Given the above analysis of the African traditional culture, do we still believe that "things really fell apart"? To answer this question, I invite everyone to review the very last sentence of the Book. After much thought, the real title of the book should have been "the pacification of the primitive tribes of the lower Niger"
There are many problems in Things Fall Apart, including . drought . torrential rains . laziness . debt . people who won't pay back their debts . excessive anger . nee…dless traditions . excessive pride . lack of a central command structure for all the villages to follow . wife-beating . illness and death . the need for justice, which leads to Ikemefuna's death and the exile of Okonkwo . personality conflicts, the most notable being that of Okonkwo and his son Nwoye. . white courts which are corrupt and bribable . lack of understanding between different cultures, and a high-handedness to accompany it . locusts . revenge killings, including the slaughter of Abame . lack of yam splitting skills . Ojuigo's negligence . The need to negotiate bride price and tribute, with the worry that one side or another will behave unfairly. . Having to bury a man who has desecrated himself . lack of freedom due to an imposed system . there can be only one champion wrestler
Many festivals take place in Things Fall Apart including: The Feast of the New Yam (New Year's) The Week of Peace The Feast in the Sky