Results for: 1648

Why is the Peace of Westphalia 1648 regarded as a landmark in European diplomatic history?

Because it ended by diplomatic means two very long-running wars:the Eighty Years' War between Spain and the Dutch Republic, wichgave the Dutch Republic its independence from S (MORE)

What happened after 1648 the holy roman empire?

"After the Treaty of Westphalia (1648) the Holy Roman Empire was little more than a loose confederation of about 300 independent principalities and 1,500 or more semi-sovereig (MORE)
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How had France evolved by 1648?

France had not evolved very far by 1648. There was still imminent threat of rebellion from the Fronde and a stable centralised government had not been established.
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What country did Switzerland gain independence from in 1648?

It didn't.   Switzerland wasn't a country in 1648. It was a military alliance of  independent states (called cantons) - a sort of medieval NATO. It  didn't finally merge (MORE)