Ben and Jerry Jerry start with the same number of trading cards. After Ben gives 12 of his cards to Jerry then has twice as many cards as Ben does. How many cards did Ben have at the start?
The easy way to answer this is to plug in numbers. Because you are given "12" and you are given "twice as many", the answer has to be a variable of 12 or 6. If you start plugg…ing in numbers, you will find that 36 is the answer... Ben and Jerry start with 36 cards. Ben gives 12 of his cards to Jerry. Ben now has 24 and Jerry now has 48. 24 is one half of 48. For the actual math, you have to use variables. Please stick with it, this gets a little ugly if the child you are working with is as young as mine is. Ben at the start is equal to B0 Jerry at the start is equal to J0 At the start B0=J0 Now, Ben gives 12 of his cards to Jerry. The new value for Ben is B1 and B1 = B0-12. The new value for Jerry is J1 and J1 = J0+12. Also, we know that the new Jerry is twice the amount of the new Ben...J1 =B1 x 2. So, the below are known: 1: B0=J0 2: B1 = B0-12 3: J1 = J0+12 4: J1 = B1 x 2 So, using the last known, start to substitute the other values to get everything equal to the same variable. In this case, I'm going to solve it for B0. J1 = B1 x 2 J1 = (B0-12)x2 - Substitute B1 for B0-12, see line 2 J0+12=(B0-12)x2 - Substitute J1 for J0+12, see line 3 B0+12=(B0-12)x2 - Substitute J0 for B0, see line 1 1/2B0+6 = B0-12 - Divide the whole equation by 2 +6=B0-12-1/2B0 - Subtract 1/2B0 from both sides +18=B0-1/2B0 - Add 12 to both sides +18=1/2B0 - Simplify equation 36=B0 - Multiply both sides by 2 There is probably an easier way to do the above, but that's how I worked it out on paper. (MORE)