The application of computer technology to the management ofbiological information is called bioinformatics. In this field,computers gather, store, analyze and integrate biolog…ical andgenetic information. This can then be applied to gene-based drugdiscovery and development. (MORE)
Bioinformatics is a field that develops tools for understandingbiological data. Being able to understand not only the genetics,but also the current biological state of a perso…n is very importantfor understanding how to properly maintain their health. (MORE)
\nThe human genome has 3 billion nucleotides, and a single change can cause a deadly disease. To give you an idea of the scale, if read aloud it would take 9.5 years to get th…rough the sequence in a single cell. \n.
\nWithout a computer there is no practical way to access and analyze this data. (MORE)
Bioinformatics is the application of information technology to the field of molecular biology . .
The discipline has grown rapidly due to the application of probability t…heory to the study of genetics. A common application is the statistical similarities or differences among DNA samples, from animals (including humans) or plants. .
From the study of similarities, evolutionary models (or trees) relationships can be inferred. This is the area of phylogenetics. .
Per Wikipedia link: .
Over the past few decades rapid developments in genomic and other molecular research technologies and developments in information technologies have combined to produce a tremendous amount of information related to molecular biology. .
See related links. (MORE)
(1) Bioinformatics. Makes the rapid organization and analysis of biological data possible via computational techniques. (2) Blue biotechnology. Marine and aquatic applicatio…ns of biotechnology, used to improve cleanup of toxic spills, improve yields of fisheries, etc. (3) Green biotechnology. Agricultural uses of biotechnology, such as the selection and domestication of plants via micropropagation, designing transgenic plants to grow under specific environmental conditions .Benefits are crops with better taste, texture, appearance, aroma, nutrition, yield, robustness in adverse environmental conditions, and resistance to herbs, fungi, and pests. (4) Red biotechnology. Application of biotechnology to medicine, including the designing of organisms to produce antibiotics, and the engineering of genetic cures through genomic manipulation. Other areas: (a) Drug production. (b) Pharmacogenomics. (c) Gene therapy. (d) Genetic testing. (e) Improved vaccines. (f) Biopharmaceuticals. (g) New medical therapies. (h) Diagnostics. (5) White biotechnology. Also known as industrial biotechnology. Exemplified by the designing of an organism to produce a useful chemical, the use of enzymes as industrial catalysts to either produce valuable chemicals or destroy hazardous/polluting chemicals, and the development of biotechnological processes that consume fewer resources than traditional processes used to produce industrial goods. (4) Bioeconomics. Investment in applied biotechnologies to increase economic output DISADVANTAGES: (1) Loss of privacy via loss of medical and genetic information. (2) Discrimination of people with genetic or medical anomalies. (3) Cloning. It is considered to be unethical among various groups and can result in eugenic practises. (4) Transformations of wild species into "super species" with resistance to pesticides, herbicides, or fungicides. (5) Loss of biodiversity. Development of genetically modified crops or domestic livestock could reduce genetic variety among both domesticated and wild species. (6) Harmful chemicals. Although biotechnology will generate many new and valuable chemicals, some chemicals with unknown or damaging environmental impacts are likely to be developed. (MORE)
(Molecular) bio-informatics: bioinformatics is conceptualising biology in terms ofmolecules (in the sense of physical chemistry) and applying "informatics techniques" (derived… from disciplines such as appliedmaths, computer science and statistics) to understandandorganisethe information associated with these molecules, on a largescale . In short, bioinformatics is a management information systemfor molecular biology and has many practical applications . (MORE)
Same reason any statistics is important. There is a lot of data to sift through so you invent tools to sift through that data for you. .
If you have a genome form some organi…sm that is 2 million bases and you are trying to annotate the genes it would take a long time to do this manually. To avoid this you write software or code your own program that will look at the letters and find an ATG (start) and TAG (stop) and annotate that gene for you. .
A bit more complex than that and there other examples but that's basically it. There is too much data to look though on your own so you make computers do it for you. . (MORE)
Bioinformaticsis an interdisciplinary field that develops and improves to thelead methods for storing, retrieving, organizing and analyzingorganic data. A key activity in bioi…nformatics is to increasesoftware tools to generate useful biological information.Bioinformatics has become an significant part of many areas ofbiology. (MORE)