(kŏm'pən-sā'shən) pronunciation
  1. The act of compensating or the state of being compensated.
  2. Something, such as money, given or received as payment or reparation, as for a service or loss.
  3. Biology. The increase in size or activity of one part of an organism or organ that makes up for the loss or dysfunction of another.
  4. Psychology. Behavior that develops either consciously or unconsciously to offset a real or imagined deficiency, as in personality or physical ability.
compensational com'pen·sa'tion·al adj.

Direct and indirect monetary and nonmonetary rewards given to employees on the basis of the value of the job, their personal contributions, and their performance. These rewards must meet both the organization’s ability to pay and any governing legal regulations.

Previous:Compensating Error, Compensating Balance, Compatible
Next:Compensatory Damages, Compensatory Stock Options, Compensatory Time
Money or other property paid for goods or services.
See just compensation.

Example: Compensation may include:

• wages


• amounts paid in a contract for real estate purchase

• property, such as a vehicle or a gemstone

Previous:Compensating Factors, Comparative Unit Method
Next:Compensatory Damages, Competent Parties
Roget's Thesaurus:




  1. Payment for work done: earnings, emolument, fee, hire, pay, remuneration, salary, stipend, wage. See pay/owe.
  2. Something given in exchange for goods or services rendered: consideration, payment, recompense, remuneration. See pay/owe.
  3. Something to make up for loss or damage: amends, indemnification, indemnity, offset, quittance, recompense, redress, reimbursement, remuneration, reparation, repayment, requital, restitution, satisfaction, setoff. See substitute.



Definition: repayment; rectification
Antonyms: damage, deprivation, fine, forfeiture, loss, penalty

 (Analytical Psychology)

Compensation (transcendent function) finds its origins in the delineation of dynamics of the complex.

In 1907 Carl Gustav Jung notes the pathogenic complex posses a quantum of libido which grants it a degree of autonomy that is opposed to conscious will. Though this dynamic has a pathological cast, it conveys the essence of what Jung termed compensation; namely, the capacity of the unconscious to influence consciousness.

Jung noted the ego identifies with a preferred set of adaptive strategies, and thus tends to restrict the range of adaptive response and hamper individuation. In "The Importance of the Unconscious in Psychopathology" (1914), he introduced the idea, saying, "the principal function of the unconscious is to effect a compensation and to produce a balance. All extreme conscious tendencies are softened and toned down through a counter-impulse in the unconscious." (1914a). This assertion ascribes a different role to unconscious dynamics, i.e. one that is purposive and intelligent, and not restricted solely to wishing.

In 1917, Jung expanded his notion of an intelligent unconscious further when he asserted the existence of a "supraordinate unconscious" as a common human inheritance, viewed as the source of compensatory activity.

Later, Jung referred to compensation as "an inherent self regulation in the psychic apparatus." Jung's assertion of an intelligent unconscious culminated in his concept of the self (1928a), understood as the personality's central organizing agency that instigated and guided individuation. Paired with the concept of the self, compensation was seen as the core process in realizing selfhood.

Given this core value, Jung sought a means to maximize its efficiency and benefits. He termed this means the "transcendent function," described as a joining of the opposing tendencies of conscious and unconscious that would produce a synthesis in the form of a "uniting symbol" in order to release compensatory contents of the unconscious. Jung, noted the transcendent function facilitated a transition from one attitude to another and held the person skilled with understanding of conscious and unconscious interaction and its symbolic products could accelerate individuation.


Jung, Carl Gustav. (1907). The psychology of Dementia præcox. Coll. works, vol. III, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

——. (1914a). On the importance of the unconscious in psychopathology. Coll. works, vol. III, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

——. (1917-18-26-43). The psychology of the unconscious processes. Coll. works, vol. VII: London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.

——. (1928a [1935]). The relations between the ego and the unconscious. Coll. works, vol. VII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

——. (1928b [1948]). On psychic energy. Coll. works, vol. VIII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

——. (1928c [1948]). General aspects of dream psychology. Coll. works, vol. VIII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.

——. (1928d [1948]). Instinct and the inconscious. Coll. works, vol. VIII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.


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IN BRIEF: Something given as payment for a service.

pronunciation Use of a company car was part of Jim's compensation package. is a free vocabulary and spelling program where you only pay for results!

The counterbalancing of any defect of structure or function.
1. in cardiology, the maintenance of an adequate blood flow without distressing signs.
2. in preventive medicine the payment of farmers for losses incurred by the destruction of their livestock when controlling an infectious disease.

  • depth-gain c. — see time gain compensation.


The monetary reward for rendering a service; insurance providing financial return to employees in the event of an injury that occurs during the performance of their duties and that prohibits work. Compulsory in many states.

Random House Word Menu:

categories related to 'compensation'

Random House Word Menu by Stephen Glazier
For a list of words related to compensation, see:




Dansk (Danish)
n. - erstatning, kompensation, løn

Nederlands (Dutch)
compensatie, vergoeding

Français (French)
n. - compensation, indemnisation, dédommagement, (Jur) indemnisation, (Psych) compensation

Deutsch (German)
n. - Ausgleich, Entschädigung, Kompensation

Ελληνική (Greek)
n. - αποζημίωση, αντιστάθμιση, αναπλήρωση

Italiano (Italian)
indennità, compenso, danni, indennizzo, risarcimento, ricompensa

Português (Portuguese)
n. - compensação (f)

Русский (Russian)
компенсация, вознаграждение

Español (Spanish)
n. - compensación, indemnización, recompensa, remuneración

Svenska (Swedish)
n. - kompensation, skadestånd, kompensation (fys. psyk.)

中文(简体)(Chinese (Simplified))
补偿, 薪资, 赔偿金

中文(繁體)(Chinese (Traditional))
n. - 補償, 薪資, 賠償金

한국어 (Korean)
n. - 배상, 보수, 대상

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 償い, 補償金, 報酬, 代償, 補正, 補償

العربيه (Arabic)
‏(الاسم) تعويض, مكافأة‏

עברית (Hebrew)
n. - ‮איזון, קיזוז, פיצוי‬

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