- The act of compensating or the state of being compensated.
- Something, such as money, given or received as payment or reparation, as for a service or loss.
- Biology. The increase in size or activity of one part of an organism or organ that makes up for the loss or dysfunction of another.
- Psychology. Behavior that develops either consciously or unconsciously to offset a real or imagined deficiency, as in personality or physical ability.
- Payment for work done: earnings, emolument, fee, hire, pay, remuneration, salary, stipend, wage. See pay/owe.
- Something given in exchange for goods or services rendered: consideration, payment, recompense, remuneration. See pay/owe.
- Something to make up for loss or damage: amends, indemnification, indemnity, offset, quittance, recompense, redress, reimbursement, remuneration, reparation, repayment, requital, restitution, satisfaction, setoff. See substitute.
Definition: repayment; rectification
Antonyms: damage, deprivation, fine, forfeiture, loss, penalty
Compensation (transcendent function) finds its origins in the delineation of dynamics of the complex.
In 1907 Carl Gustav Jung notes the pathogenic complex posses a quantum of libido which grants it a degree of autonomy that is opposed to conscious will. Though this dynamic has a pathological cast, it conveys the essence of what Jung termed compensation; namely, the capacity of the unconscious to influence consciousness.
Jung noted the ego identifies with a preferred set of adaptive strategies, and thus tends to restrict the range of adaptive response and hamper individuation. In "The Importance of the Unconscious in Psychopathology" (1914), he introduced the idea, saying, "the principal function of the unconscious is to effect a compensation and to produce a balance. All extreme conscious tendencies are softened and toned down through a counter-impulse in the unconscious." (1914a). This assertion ascribes a different role to unconscious dynamics, i.e. one that is purposive and intelligent, and not restricted solely to wishing.
In 1917, Jung expanded his notion of an intelligent unconscious further when he asserted the existence of a "supraordinate unconscious" as a common human inheritance, viewed as the source of compensatory activity.
Later, Jung referred to compensation as "an inherent self regulation in the psychic apparatus." Jung's assertion of an intelligent unconscious culminated in his concept of the self (1928a), understood as the personality's central organizing agency that instigated and guided individuation. Paired with the concept of the self, compensation was seen as the core process in realizing selfhood.
Given this core value, Jung sought a means to maximize its efficiency and benefits. He termed this means the "transcendent function," described as a joining of the opposing tendencies of conscious and unconscious that would produce a synthesis in the form of a "uniting symbol" in order to release compensatory contents of the unconscious. Jung, noted the transcendent function facilitated a transition from one attitude to another and held the person skilled with understanding of conscious and unconscious interaction and its symbolic products could accelerate individuation.
Jung, Carl Gustav. (1907). The psychology of Dementia præcox. Coll. works, vol. III, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
——. (1914a). On the importance of the unconscious in psychopathology. Coll. works, vol. III, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
——. (1917-18-26-43). The psychology of the unconscious processes. Coll. works, vol. VII: London, Routledge & Kegan Paul.
——. (1928a ). The relations between the ego and the unconscious. Coll. works, vol. VII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
——. (1928b ). On psychic energy. Coll. works, vol. VIII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
——. (1928c ). General aspects of dream psychology. Coll. works, vol. VIII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
——. (1928d ). Instinct and the inconscious. Coll. works, vol. VIII, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
IN BRIEF: Something given as payment for a service.
Use of a company car was part of Jim's compensation package.
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The counterbalancing of any defect of structure or function.
1. in cardiology, the maintenance of an adequate blood flow without distressing signs.
2. in preventive medicine the payment of farmers for losses incurred by the destruction of their livestock when controlling an infectious disease.
- depth-gain c. — see time gain compensation.
The monetary reward for rendering a service; insurance providing financial return to employees in the event of an injury that occurs during the performance of their duties and that prohibits work. Compulsory in many states.
categories related to 'compensation'
- Economics and Economic Theory - compensation: payment for services or labor, esp. wages
- Spending, Receiving, and Possessing Wealth - compensation: wage, salary, fee, commission, or other payment received for services or product
- Syndromes, Disorders, and Conditions - compensation: defense mechanism in which sense of weakness or lack is offset by emphasizing positive traits
- Mental States, Processes, and Behavior - compensation: effort to replace feelings of inadequacy with feelings of adequacy
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