An escrow account is funds put aside for a future liability..
Two common examples relating to a home:.
If you bought a house and there was a repair needed to be done and pai…d for by the seller, but the repair couldn't be completed before settlement, the seller might be required to set aside adequate funds in an escrow account, controlled by a third party. When the repair was completed, the third party would pay the bill from the escrow account and return any remaining funds to the seller..
Also, some mortgage companies require the home owner to pay money into an escrow account every month to cover 1/12 of the cost of real estate taxes and homeowners insurance. Then the mortgage company issues payment for those items when they are due. This way, the mortgage company knows that those payments will be made, protecting their collateral. ( Full Answer )