Kingdom Protista or protists .
Kingdom Fungi or fungi .
Kingdom Plantae or plants .
Kingdom Animalia or animals .
Kingdom Rhizaria .
Kingdom Excavata or Excavates… .
Kingdom Chromalveolata or Chromalveolates (MORE)
All organisms in the four kingdoms except monera (animalia, plante, proteista, fungi) are Eukaryotic. To give specific examples: .
human cells ( muscle calls, blood cells, n…erve cells) ... etc. (MORE)
An Eukaryota isn't an individual something - its a domain that includes trees, plankton, fungi, animals and protists. Even though all of these gruops may seem very diverse, th…ey all have something in common - eukaryotic cells, which contain a special part called the nucleus that contains genetic material within chromosomes. (MORE)
Eukaryote cells include a variety of membrane-bound structures, collectively referred to as the endomembrane system . Simple compartments, called vesicles or vacuoles , ca…n form by budding off other membranes. Many cells ingest food and other materials through a process of endocytosis , where the outer membrane invaginates and then pinches off to form a vesicle. It is probable that most other membrane-bound organelles are ultimately derived from such vesicles. The nucleus is surrounded by a double membrane (commonly referred to as a nuclear envelope ), with pores that allow material to move in and out. Various tube- and sheet-like extensions of the nuclear membrane form what is called the endoplasmic reticulum or ER, which is involved in protein transport and maturation. It includes the rough ER where ribosomes are attached to synthesize proteins, which enter the interior space or lumen. Subsequently, they generally enter vesicles, which bud off from the smooth ER. In most eukaryotes, these protein-carrying vesicles are released and further modified in stacks of flattened vesicles, called Golgi bodies or dictyosomes. Vesicles may be specialized for various purposes. For instance, lysosomes contain enzymes that break down the contents of food vacuoles, and peroxisomes are used to break down peroxide , which is toxic otherwise. Many protozoa have contractile vacuoles, which collect and expel excess water, and extrusomes , which expel material used to deflect predators or capture prey. In multicellular organisms, hormones are often produced in vesicles. In higher plants, most of a cell's volume is taken up by a central vacuole, which primarily maintains its osmotic pressure (MORE)