The German Expressionist Movement was born in the trenches of World War 1 in 1914. Many of the German soldiers who suffered through that war were artists, and their experi…ences lead them to despise the powerful elites who had sent them onto the battlefield. When the war was lost in 1918 and Emperor Wilhelm abdicated, the people rose to support the November Revolution - the socialist call for the creation of a new Democratic Germany. Many artists answered that call and worked to support and promote the new provisional government..
Addition : As is clear from the following facts the expressionist artist groups were active long before the war. The above information is more relevant for the Dada movement. .
There were two famous Expressionist artist groups. One, die BrÃ¼cke , was formed in Dresden in 1905, and exhibited there before moving to Berlin in 1910, where they were very active. The other one, around Kandinsky in MÃ¼nchen, were active from about the same time. In 1911 the called their exhibition Der Blaue Reiter , which was then the name of the group. The group members Kandinsky, Werefkin and Jawlensky left Germany at the outbreak of the war, 1914. August Macke was killed in 1914 and Franz Marc in 1916. (MORE)