Lymphedema is when a certain part of the body swells up because ofan accumulation of fluid in the tissue in that area. The mostcommon way it develops is when lymphatic vessels… or their functionare impaired or missing. (MORE)
It is the accumulation of the fluid in the interstitial space between body cells and tissues that contains white blood cells. basically it can be thought of as a b…uild up of fluid in the body. It usually occurs in the ankles. (MORE)
Primary Lymphedema .
Primary lymphedema occurs without any obvious cause, and is thought to be the result of an underdeveloped or inefficient lymph system. In some cases, i…t may be hereditary. Swelling may be present at birth of soon after - Lymphedema Congenita; can occur in before the age of 35 - Lymphedema Praecox; or develop after age 35 - Lymphedema Tarda. Primary lymphedema is more common in females and occurs more often in the lower extremities..
Primary lymphedema has been estimated to occur in about one in six thousand people, more often in females than in males (Dale, 1985) . Age of onset tends to be similar within families. Primary lymphedema can be present from birth (congenital lymphedema), symptoms can begin at the time of puberty (lymphedema praecox), or onset can occur in adulthood (lymphedema tarda) (Lewis and Wald, 1984) . .
Primary lymphedema seems to be inherited in several different ways. Milroy's and Meige's Disease are two forms of primary lymphedema that tend to show swelling below the waist and are dominantly inherited in some families. Milroy's Disease (congenital lyphedema) is characterized by swelling present from around the time of birth. Meige Disease, also known as lymphedema praecox, may appear suddenly around the time of puberty (Wheeler et al., 1981) . When the first signs of swelling appear after age 35, this condition is called lymphedema tarda. A recessive form of lymphedema has also been described, as well as lymphedema in association with other traits. .
Except for genes on the sex chromosomes, both men and women have two copies of each gene. If only one changed copy of a gene causes a condition, the condition will be inherited in what is called a dominant pattern. If an individual has a dominant condition such as Milroy's or Meige's Disease, the chance of passing the gene to a child is 1 in 2 or 50% with each pregnancy. These odds are the same as getting "heads" in a coin toss. .
Dominant disorders are ones that run from generation to generation or are passed along through the family. If a person has the gene for a dominant form of primary lymphedema, there is usually a 50% or 1 in 2 chance of passing that gene on to his or her children. However, not everyone with the gene for this form of lymphedema will actually develop symptoms. Therefore, even if a child does not inherit lymphedema from a parent, he or she may still have inherited the gene and pass the gene that causes lymphedema on to a child. Although we do not yet understand why this "reduced penetrance" sometimes occurs, it is more common in men. In other words, a brother would be less likely than his sister to have symptoms of lymphedema even if they both inherit the same lymphedema gene. .
We hope a new understanding of the genetic basis of inherited lymphedema will provide insights into its treatment and contribute to early identification of individuals at risk. . (MORE)
Lymphedema is treated using compression pumps and compression hosiery. The hosiery goes over the afflicted limb, and the pump pressurizes the hosiery. This compresses the limb…, and causes the fluid that has built up in that region of the body to dissipate. Here's a link with more info on the subject: http://vitalitymedical.wordpress.com/2009/07/31/lymphedema-treatment/ (MORE)
In 90% of the cases, lymphedema is diagnosed through observations, measurements, and symptoms. The remaining 10% require the use of more complex diagnostic tests such as lymph…oscintigraphy. Lymphoscintigraphy is a technique. (MORE)
Primary lymphedema is an inherited condition, where the patient is born without lymph vessels and nodes. The swelling associated with primary lymphedema usually occurs during …adolescence and affects the foot or calf. (MORE)
Lymphedema is a chronic condition that cannot be cured, but it can be improved with treatment. There are several major components of a lymphedema treatment program, which shou…ld be administered by the health care provider. (MORE)
The standard protocol treatment for lymphedema is called either Complex decongestive therapy or manual decongestive therapy. It is a very very gentle medical massage that move…s the fluids from the effected limb to areas where the good lymphatic system can pick it up and remove it from the body. Subsequent to that, the patient must wear compression garments of wraps to help holding the swelling down and to keep it from getting as bad as it was. See the related link to a page that will give a comprehensive description of treatments. (MORE)
There are many places to get a lymphedema certification at online sites but one might question the authenticity of these programs. Start with the academy of lymphatic studies… and research from there. (MORE)