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What are misoprostol tablets?
MISOPROSTOL (Cytotec®) helps to prevent stomach ulcers in patients using nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDS, drugs commonly used for arthritis, inflammation, and pain). Misoprostol reduces the amount of acid produced in the stomach and protects the stomach lining from the effects of acid. Misoprostol is also sometimes used for other purposes in females. Generic misoprostol tablets are available.
What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?
They need to know if you have any of these conditions:
inflammatory disease of the intestine, like Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
an unusual or allergic reaction to misoprostol, prostaglandins, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
pregnant or trying to get pregnant
How should I take this medicine?
Take misoprostol tablets by mouth. Follow the directions on the prescription label. Swallow the tablets with a drink of water. Take your doses at regular intervals; this medication is usually taken with meals and at bedtime with food. Taking this medication with food reduces the chance of diarrhea or stomach upset. Do not take your medicine more often than directed.
Do not share this medication with anyone else.
Before starting this medication, read the paper on your prescription provided by your pharmacist or health care professional. This paper will tell you about this drug. Make certain you understand the instructions.
Contact your pediatrician or health care professional regarding the use of this medicine in children. Special care may be needed.
What if I miss a dose?
If you miss a dose, take it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, take only that dose. Do not take double or extra doses.
What drug(s) may interact with misoprostol?
Tell your prescriber or health care professional about all other medicines you are taking, including non-prescription medicines, nutritional supplements, or herbal products. Also tell your prescriber or health care professional if you are a frequent user of drinks with caffeine or alcohol, if you smoke, or if you use illegal drugs. These may affect the way your medicine works. Check with your health care professional before stopping or starting any of your medicines.
What should I watch for while taking misoprostol?
It can take several days of therapy with misoprostol before your stomach pains improve. Check with your prescriber or health care professional if your condition does not improve, or if it gets worse. You can take antacids for the occasional relief of pain unless your prescriber or health care professional tells you otherwise.
If you are female, You should not use this drug to prevent stomach ulcers if you are pregnant. Females should avoid pregnancy while taking this medication and for at least one month (one full menstrual cycle) after discontinuing this medication. Misoprostol can cause contractions of the uterus that may cause abortion or the medication may harm an unborn baby. You should use a reliable form of birth control while taking misoprostol; talk to your health care provider about birth control options. If you become pregnant, think you are pregnant, or want to become pregnant during misoprostol treatment, stop taking this drug immediately and contact your health care provider for advice.
What side effects may I notice from taking misoprostol?
Side effects that you should report to your prescriber or health care professional as soon as possible:
lightheadedness or fainting spells
sudden shortness of breath
unusual vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or cramping (females)
Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your prescriber or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):
menstrual irregularity, spotting, or cramps
stomach upset or cramps
Where can I keep my medicine?
Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.
Store at room temperature below 25 degrees C (77 degrees F). Keep in a dry place. Protect from moisture. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date.
Important Disclaimer: The drug information provided here is for educational purposes only. It is intended to supplement, not substitute for, the diagnosis, treatment and advice of a medical professional. This drug information does not cover all possible uses, precautions, side effects and interactions. It should not be construed to indicate that this or any drug is safe for you. Consult your medical professional for guidance before using any prescription or over the counter drugs.