This information is from the informahealthcare.com website: Ranitidine versus Anticholinergic/Antacid for Duodenal Ulcer 1985, Vol. 20, No. 6 , Pages 701-705.
1 Dept. of …Surgery, University Central Hospital of Kuopio, Kuopio, and Dept. of Surgery, Central Hospital of North Karelia, Joensuu, Finland.
â Correspondence : P. Miettinen, Dept. of Surgery, University Central Hospital of Kuopio, 70210, Kuopio, Finland .
One hundred and forty-nine patients with endoscopically documented duodenal or prepyloric ulcer were randomly allocated to treatment with ranitidine, 150 mg twice daily (75 patients), or glycopyrrobromide, 2mg three times daily, and antacid suspension, 60 ml/day, with a buffering capacity of 480 mmol/day (74 patients). The patients underwent a thorough prestudy symptom analysis, and endoscopy was performed by an observer who was unaware of the treatment in use. After 4- and 8-week courses of treatment the patients were re-evaluated. Sixty-nine patients in the ranitidine group and 66 in the anticholinergic/antacid group completed the trial. Complete ulcer healing was obtained in 60 of the 69 patients (87%) in the ranitidine group and in 50 of the 66 patients (76%) in the anticholinergic/antacid group after 4 weeks of treatment and in 65 (94%) and in 61 (92%), respectively, after 8 weeks of treatment. Forty-three patients had troublesome side effects of either anticholinergic or antacid treatment, and three patients had to interrupt the treatment. There were no serious side effects of ranitidine. This study suggests that ranitidine causes faster ulcer healing than the combination of anticholinergic and antacid. The results show that ranitidine is an effective and safe drug for duodenal ulcer healing, with no troublesome side effects. . ( Full Answer )