\nIt's a theory of knowledge developed by Plato and/or Socrates in Plato's "Phaedo" and demonstrated in "Meno."\n.
\nThe short version is that our souls, being immortal, have… lived countless lives before us, and have gathered all the knowledge that could ever be. So, in our lives, we gain knowledge not by learning, but instead by recollecting what we already know in our souls. (MORE)