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In Statistics

Statism is the doctrine that maintains that your life, money and property are not yours, but the property of the state. A statist is any individual who upholds this doctri…ne and/or supports its implementation. A statist knows that he cannot get away with-at least, not yet-openly declaring that your life, money and property are not yours, so he advances these ideas by implicit means. Statists enact laws that forbid you from taking certain actions altogether or only if you have their permission-and the idea is: if you may only act by permission, you do not have a right to your life. Statists, through their regulations, determine how much of your money you will be allowed to keep-and the idea is: if you do not have the right to decide how your money is spent, your money is not yours. Statists issue decrees restricting how you may use your property-and the idea is: if you do not have the right to control the use and disposal of your property, your property is not yours. These are the indirect means by which statists promote and implement their ideas. (MORE)

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If the disks are herniated (bulging is another term) the specific nerves causing your problems ARE being pinched/compressed by the disks - that's what happens when you herni…ate a disk. The diagnosis you describe is disk herniations between the C3/C4/C5/C6 vertebrae. I've had flattened disks between C5/6/7, with a resulting fusion operation to correct it as well. In my case I had no choice as my left arm was becoming paralyzed. I've also had 2 other major spinal surgeries. You should already have received some kind of treatment plan, likely Flexeril, and anti-inflammatory and / or a strong painkiller like Percocet or Vicodin. It's important that you DO NOT LIFT anything over a couple of pounds. I'm guessing that this happened as either a whiplash injury or something similar. If the problem is already causing tingling and numbness in your fingers you need to report that immediately to your doctor. If you're not already seeing a Neurosurgeon, you should be. Orthopedists are useless in spine and disk problems as they understand the bone aspects, but not the neurological complexities. A general doctor just doesn't have the expertise required to treat this. The reason you need to report it is that if you're having tingling/numbness in your fingers (especially if it's creeping its way from the tips to the knuckles) the disk inflammation isn't getting any better and the pressure is enough that it's starting to cut off the nerve impulses to your hand. Unless you get it looked at and treated, you could wind up with long term nerve damage or worse. I've already faced this and been through it, aside from dealing with these problems myself for over 20 years. In my case, within 2 weeks of the initial pain my left arm was almost paralyzed, and my fingers were numb from the fingertips to the first knuckle. The fusion I had included a bone graft from my right pelvic area as well as a plate. It is not something to take lightly. If your doctor is not treating it as a serious issue, you need to get another one fast. I cannot stress the importance of getting the disk pressure relieved off of the nerve in question, likely the C5/C6 disk. Also, do not do any activity requiring any lifting, arm strength, etc., and don't drive if you can avoid it. If you're not taking any anti-inflammatory drugs (which I'd be shocked if you weren't) you need to start. Message me and let me know what meds they have you on so far. I had this category started because this is the one area in my life in which I've dealt with for many years, and I've survived bad doctors, diagnoses, hospital mistakes, pain on scales you can't imagine (even now), and continuing spinal damage and severe pain. Hopefully I can help you and others avoid the bad things that I've been through. if you have specific questions don't hesitate to PM me. 2 sites you need to look at: American Pain Foundation - http://tinyurl.com/8thkgm Spine Universe - http://tinyurl.com/ysxy5l If you eventually require surgery, let me know as there are certain decisions you'll face where the wrong choice can have consequences down the road. TSD -RAVEN- - Category Supervisor ---- I hope this helps if someone told you all those disc were bulging you must have had a mri? I just went threw the same thing c5 c6 had a pinch nerve and they did therapy did another mri showed nerve wasnt pinch anymore anyway to make along story short have a Dr do a milogram and catscan this shows all around the disk. Worked for me just had a fushion on c5 c6. Hope this helps. (MORE)

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Statistics is the name of the subject. It is the general definition which deals with the collection, presentation and interpretation of data. On the other hand, statistic is a… test used to test a hypothesis. It is commonly applied to sample cases. A statistic is a description of some measure, such as your height, weight, or age. Such measures may be collected in large numbers to be analyzed statistically to determine some characteristic of a population. For example, the collection of a population's ages make up a data base that may be analyzed by statistical methods to determine the proportion of the population that will retire and start drawing pension funds during the next decade. (MORE)

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In Scientists

They use it to organize and collect data. When testings a hypothesis, statistics can be used to calculate the chances or probability of getting a result

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A statistic is a distinct, descriptive value that has been acquired by some method (measured, counted, etc.). Statistics is the subjective and objective manipulation of the va…lues acquired. A statistic is simply the count of something. Statistics (plural) is the count of something added to or compared to the count of something else. (MORE)

It's time to get off the couch and show us what you've got!… (MORE)

15 questions to find out if you're one of the 7%!
if (typeof _Qz !== 'undefined' && typeof _Qz['start'] === 'function'){_Qz.start();} if (typeof dataLayer == 'un…defined') { var dataLayer = []; } dataLayer.push({'quizType': 'personality', 'quizColor': 'red', 'quizFormat': 'slideshow'});
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Only Americans will remember all of these foods from the past!… (MORE)

"The Leader of the Free World" is arguably the most powerful position in the World. Ever wonder which President was most like you? Let's find out!… (MORE)

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In Statistics

I believe you asked for the relationship between "statistical significance" and hypothesis testing. In hypothesis testing, we state the null and alternative hypothesis, t…hen in the traditional method, we use a test statistic and a significance level, alpha, to decide whether to accept or reject the null hypothesis in favor of the alternative. If our test statistic falls in the reject area (critical region) of the sampling distribution, then we reject the null hypothesis. If not, we accept it. There is the second method, the p-value method, which is similar in that an alpha value has to be selected. Now, the term "statistical significant result", as used in statistics, means a result (mean value, proportion or variance) from a random sample was not likely to be produced by chance. When we reject the null hypothesis in favor of the alternative, we indicate our data supports an alternative hypothesis, so our result is "statistically significant." Let me use an example. Generally workers arrive at work a few minutes more or less than required. Our null hypothesis will be an average lateness of 5 minutes, and our alternative hypothesis will be greater than 5 minutes. Our data shows an average lateness of 12 minutes, and our test statistic, taking into account the variance and sample size, and our chosen alpha level, concludes that we reject the null hypothesis, so the 12 minute average is a significantly significant result because it supported rejection of the hypothesis. The problem is that significant, in common usage, means important or meaningful, not trivial or spurious. The sample used to calculate late time may have been not randomly chosen, more people come to work late in bad weather. The sample is to make inferences on the a general population, but there is no static population in this case, as a company hires and fires employees. So, since our data is flawed, so can our conclusions. Used as a technical term in statistics, statistical significance has a much more rigorous and restricted meaning, which can lead to confusion. See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statistical_significance (MORE)

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In Technology

The setting to make the screen flip on the iPhone 5 depends on what version of iOS you are using. If you are using iOS 7 or higher, simply swipe your screen up from the bo…ttom and tap on the little lock icon. (MORE)

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In Science

For decades, biostatistics has played an integral role in modern medicine in everything from analyzing data to determining if a treatment will work to developing clinical tria…ls. The School of Global Public Health defines biostatistics as "the science of obtaining, analyzing and interpreting data in order to understand and improve human health." Virtually any medical research study uses biostatistics from beginning to end. "Statisticians help medical researchers design studies, decide what data to collect, analyze data from medical experiments, help interpret the results of the analyses, and collaborate in writing articles to describe the results of medical research." To make it even plainer: biostatistics helps researchers make sense of all the data collected to decide whether a treatment is working or to find factors that contribute to diseases. As such, it is important that statistics are used in medicine in order to justify the development and subsequent use of a particular drug or treatment; as well as identifying in the first place whether it is having the desired effect at all. At the heart of the use of statistics in medicine is the seemingly insurmountable problem that everybody is different. Not only in a psychological sense, but a physiological sense too. While human beings may share similar organs, tissues and chemical compounds; how they are bonded, how we are composed and the effects different drugs have on the individual can be radically different from one person to the next. Therefore, to measure the effectiveness of any form of medication, it is important to run trials where a wide variety of subjects are administered the drug. Firstly, this helps gage the effectiveness of the medicine when compared to, for example, a placebo. Subsequent statistical analysis can also give medical professionals and pharmaceutical companies the information they need to judge whether the medicine is an effective treatment for the majority of patients; and whether it is a cost-effective solution to a particular ailment. (MORE)

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To many variables to determine. Consult a catalog, available online or at your local library. In most cases the value is going to be pretty low, as Washington is a common subj…ect for definitive stamps. But there are some with some good values to them! (MORE)

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In Technology

It does not come preloaded, but there are a few available for free in the App Store.