All of them. Here is an example of what Trench-life was like... Living conditions in trenches were very basic and extremely unhygienic. The troops slept in little holes cut… out of the side of the trench known as "dug outs". Planks and sandbags were used to support the roof of the dug out in an effort to make them safer, as there was a huge risk that the roof could fall in on the soldier. This risk was greatly increased if shells had weakened the trench. Planks were also placed on the ground in the dug out to provide a hard wood base for the soldier to use as a bed. Blankets were hung over the front of the dug out to give the soldier a bit of privacy, but they did not however, give any protection against shell splinters. Living conditions for the soldiers were also very wet. The soldiers often had to stand with water up to their ankles, sometimes even their knees, and this caused them to suffer from a condition called "trench foot". This was a condition in the feet where they started off by wrinkling up like when you've been in the bath too long, but as time goes on, blisters developed and the pain for the soldiers was immense. Although the troops were advised to rub whale oil on their feet regularly it didn't do a lot of good. They were also supposed to change into dry socks regularly, but rain and mud just made them wet again. The trenches were a perfect place for germs to thrive. Any diseases caught by soldiers were spread easily from one to another. Likewise, there were no antibiotics for the wounded, and their wounds often went septic. This in turn led to gangrene. Unhygienic living conditions in trenches were to blame for many deaths. Probably the main cause of death due to living conditions in trenches was the rapid spread of disease, but wounds infected with gangrene could also be fatal. (MORE)
No, not quite. It is only unhygienic if the hamster has not been cleaned, but dont worry. I never got sick from touching mine, and mine never bites. Just to be safe, if you ge…t sick/ a weird feeling after touching your pet, send your pet to the vet, and if you do not get better, then you should see your local pharmacist or pet vendor. (MORE)
With phenomenal growth of population the Transportation Network of Hyderabad has extended and become dense especially in urban portion of Hyderabad District. The burden of tra…ffic on roadways is increasing day by day and causing more risk to the dwellers health. Road accidents have doubled during last five years besides the increase in several chronic physical and mental disorders due to air and noise pollution. Population density in 60% areas of the city is very high especially in old city area and katchi abadies (squatter settlements). Whereas land use functional distribution is unplanned and concentrated in old city area especially retail and wholesale commercial functions. Socio-economically deprived and lower working class is the dominant population segment of these areas where living conditions are the significant cause of deteriorating public health due to unmanaged and unhygienic environmental conditions. The seasonal as well as diurnal weather change with awful environmental and living conditions enhances the deteriorated health. In weather transitional period epidemic patterns of acute epidemic of influenza, cough, sore throat, asthma attacks prevail throughout Hyderabad. The public sector inherits meager financial resources for Hyderabad District as it is similar to the situation prevails all over Pakistan. Consequently a chain of problems is in front of Local Health Managers, Scientists, Professionals and ultimately the nation. Main health issues of Hyderabad are: .
Increasing Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) .
Increasing Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) Extremely High .
Low nutritional status of Women and Children .
Growing Cardiac Problems .
Expanding Cardiac Associated Problems .
High raise of road accidents .
High Incidence of Malaria, Diarrhea and Cholera .
Rapidly increasing incidence Rate of chronic disorders such as diabetes, asthma, hypertension etc. .
Increasing rate of Hep. B & C, Cancers and Dengue etc. .
Unhealthy life style and unhygienic living conditions In public sector Hyderabad comprises 85 health units under District Government control in which major District Government Hospitals (DGH) are DGH Shah Bhitai, DGH Paretabad, DGH Qasimabad, DGH CDF, DGH Phulleli and DGH Kohsar. Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Hospital (Civil Hospital - Hyderabad) and its affiliated institutes such as Sir Cowasjee Jahangir Institute of Psychiatry work under Provincial Government's command. Private sector is also actively participating to provide quality health services such as Memon Charitable Hospital, Bone Care Hospital, Al - Quresh Hospital, Bin Tayyab Hospital, Muslim Marwar Hospital, ABM Hospital, Aga Khan Hospital, Isra University Hospital, Mehmood Hospital, Asim Clinic, Rajputana Hospital, Ghani Hospital, City Care Hospital, Hilal-e-Ahmer Hospital, Mohammadi Hospital, Maaji Hospital, Jinnah Hospital, St. Elizabeth (American) Hospital, Orthopedic & General Hospital, Surgicare Hospital, Hajiani Day & Night Hospital, Balair Hospital, Naseem Medical Centre and hundreds of small clinics etc. Existing infrastructure is still insufficient and affordability of high quality service through private sector is a big issue especially for lower middle and working class of the district. The patients are not getting proper attention by the medical staff, medicines and diagnostic equipments are scarce and so many other facilities are also missing. To ensure standard health facilities for the poor masses, around 21 schemes of PKR. 339.4 million have been launched by the present District Government as an immediate action plan. These include: .
Construction of 06 new hospitals, including a modern Trauma Center with helipad on the rooftop .
Diabetic Centers in 65 Health Units .
Free Dialysis Center .
Uplift of mother and child care centers .
Provision of required medicines and chemical equipments .
Uplifting of Pathological Labs .
Establishment of Cardiac and Pediatric Wards .
Anti viral and bacterial campaigns .
Free treatment of Hepatitis Patients Another important development in the health-related services is the establishment of the first ever food testing laboratory by any district government. Now timely examination of substandard food is done in Hyderabad and action against the defaulters is not delayed, whereas previously food samples had to be sent to Karachi for testing. (MORE)
To address this question on this forum would take up too much space, you should google servsafe guidelines. As far as personal hygiene, make sure you wash your hands very ofte…n and keep hair tied back, or under a cap, hair net etc. Make sure You wash and properly sanitize all cutting boards and utensils, to avoid cross contamination. In a home kitchen avoid wood cutting boards. During storage of raw ingredients use the rule of temperature. Poultry should be cooked to an internal temp of 165, pork 145, and beef can be eaten raw, so for raw ingredients poultry should be at the bottom, pork in the middle, and beef on top, this is according to USDA guidelines. I own a facility that is board of health inspected as well as USDA inspected and they scrutinize this thoroughly. Does this help? (MORE)
You have bacillary dysentery, amoebic dysentery, typhoid, hepatitis A, various forms of worm infections like round worm, thread worm etc, bovine tuberculosis, cholera, gastroe…nteritis and bacterial food poisoning are caused by consumption of the unhygienic food. (MORE)
Typhoid fever is caused by bacteria present in contaminated water.Water is contaminated by exposure to feces of effected person . Itis common in poor countries with little hyg…ienic care and poorsanitary conditions .It effects intestine hence called entericfever . (MORE)