veneer

(və-nîr') pronunciation
n.
  1. A thin surface layer, as of finely grained wood, glued to a base of inferior material.
  2. Any of the thin layers glued together to make plywood.
  3. A decorative facing, as of brick.
  4. A deceptive, superficial show; a façade: a veneer of friendliness.
tr.v., -neered, -neer·ing, -neers.
  1. To overlay (a surface) with a thin layer of a fine or decorative material.
  2. To glue together (layers of wood) to make plywood.
  3. To conceal, as something common or crude, with a deceptively attractive outward show.

[Alteration of obsolete faneering, from German Furnierung, from furnieren, to furnish, veneer, from French fournir, to furnish, from Old French furnir, of Germanic origin.]

veneerer ve·neer'er n.


Extremely thin sheet of rich-coloured wood (such as mahogany, ebony, or rosewood) or precious materials (such as ivory or tortoiseshell) cut in decorative patterns and applied to the surface of a piece of furniture. Though veneering was practiced in Classical antiquity, its use lapsed in the Middle Ages. It was revived in the 17th century, reaching its apogee in France and spreading from there to other European countries. The considerable craftsmanship involved in artistic veneering is most evident in the 18th and early 19th centuries, when Thomas Chippendale, George Hepplewhite, and Thomas Sheraton used mahogany and satinwood veneers. By the mid-19th century mechanical saws allowed the veneering process to be used in mass production to cover defects in cheap furniture.

For more information on veneer, visit Britannica.com.

A thin sheet of wood of uniform thickness produced by peeling, slicing, or sawing. Depending on the manner of production and the portion of wood from which a veneer is made, the grain may be flat, vertical, or biased. Most veneer is rotary-cut from a bolt of wood, called a flitch, centered in chucks of a lathe. A nose bar bears against the flitch parallel to the center line of the lathe and a knife, also extending nearly the length of the lathe, peels off the veneer. Knives near the ends of the flitch cut the edges of the veneer.

Veneers cut from selected hardwoods, burls, crotches, and stumps are used for facings on furniture and the interior decoration of buildings. Other uses of veneer include plate separators in storage batteries, boxes for fruit and vegetables, drums for cheeses, and crates, hampers, and baskets for transportation and storage. Most veneer is used in plywood panels. See also Plywood; Wood products.


Wood or brick exterior that covers a less attractive and less expensive surface.


Example: Beneath the sturdy-looking oak veneer was low-grade hollow board (Figure 197).
 FIG. 197. OAK VENEER
FIG. 197. OAK VENEER

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noun

    A deceptive outward appearance: cloak, color, coloring, cover, disguise, disguisement, façade, face, false colors, front, gloss, guise, mask, masquerade, pretense, pretext, semblance, show, veil, window-dressing. Slang put-on. See show/hide.

verb

    To give a deceptively attractive appearance to: color, gild, gloss (over), gloze (over), sugarcoat, varnish, whitewash. Idioms: paper over, put a good face on. See true/false.


n

Definition: pretence, front
Antonyms: reality

v

Definition: cover, overlay
Antonyms: strip, uncover

veneer (vənēr'), thin leaf of wood applied with glue to a panel or frame of solid wood. The art of veneer developed with early civilization. It produces richly grained effects cheaply and is used also on structural parts that must be cut with the grain for strength. The grain pattern varies with the direction of the cut, woods cut across the grain in general displaying more effective patterns, e.g., burr and oyster walnut, bird's-eye maple. Rosewood, satinwood, maple, walnut, and mahogany are frequently employed for veneers. Hand-cut veneers were 1/10 to 1/8 in. thick; the modern machine-cut sheets are rarely thicker than 1/32 in. Veneering executed in inlaid sheets is known as marquetry. Plywood and beams or planks of compounded woods are developed by a veneering process.


Peeled or sliced thin sheets of wood used as inner plys or as decorative faces.

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pronunciation

IN BRIEF: A thin layer of costly material put over a common material.

pronunciation We found out that our old oak table had a veneer top when we sanded it too much.

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(vənir′)
n

In the construction of crowns or pontics, a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, attached to the surface by direct fusion, cementation, or mechanical retention.

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categories related to 'veneer'

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Random House Word Menu by Stephen Glazier
For a list of words related to veneer, see:

Veneer may refer to:

See also


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Dansk (Danish)
n. - fernis, politur, skal, finér
v. tr. - finere, dække, pynte på

Nederlands (Dutch)
fineer, dun (hout) laagje, versierende/ bedekkende laag, uiterlijke schijn/glans, fineren, met een dun laagje bedekken ter decoratie, verbergen door uiterlijke schijn

Français (French)
n. - plaquage, (fig) vernis
v. tr. - plaquer, (fig) vernir

Deutsch (German)
n. - Furnier, Tünche
v. - furnieren

Ελληνική (Greek)
n. - επικόλλημα (κν. καπλαμάς), επίστρωση, επένδυση, (μτφ.) επίφαση, (επιφανειακό) λούστρο, επίχρισμα, επίστρωμα, πασάλειμμα
v. - καπλαμάρω, επιστρώνω, καλύπτω με επικόλλημα (κν. καπλαντίζω), (μτφ.) προσδίδω επιφανειακή όψη

Italiano (Italian)
impiallacciatura, vernice, apparenza, impiallacciare, mascherare

Português (Portuguese)
n. - folheado (m) (Carp.), folha (f) de madeira compensada, polimento (m)
v. - folhear (Carp.), dar aparência atraente (fig.)

Русский (Russian)
шпон, кирпичная облицовка, обшивать фанерой, внешний лоск, облицовывать

Español (Spanish)
n. - enchapado, chapa
v. tr. - chapear, enchapar, cubrir

Svenska (Swedish)
n. - faner, polityr (fig.)
v. - fanera, polera upp (fig.)

中文(简体)(Chinese (Simplified))
薄板, 胶合板, 单板, 镶饰, 虚饰, 胶合

中文(繁體)(Chinese (Traditional))
n. - 薄板, 膠合板, 單板
v. tr. - 鑲飾, 虛飾, 膠合

한국어 (Korean)
n. - 베니어판(화장판), 겉치레, 표면 마무리
v. tr. - ~에 씌우다, ~의 겉을 꾸미다, ~으로 감추다

日本語 (Japanese)
n. - 化粧張り, 単板, うわべだけの飾り, 虚飾, 付け焼き刃
v. - 化粧張りをする, …のうわべを飾る, うわべを飾る

العربيه (Arabic)
‏(الاسم) خشب القشرة (فعل) غطى الخشب بقشرة من الخشب الثمين‏

עברית (Hebrew)
n. - ‮ציפוי משובח מעץ, שכבה של דיקט, מסווה, הופעה חיצונית מטעה של איכות גבוהה, ברק חיצוני‬
v. tr. - ‮ציפה בלוח עץ משובח‬


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