Continental climate areas are usually without the influence of a large body of water, which makes the climate generally sunnier and drier. There are wide temperature variation…s both throughout a 24 hour period and from season to season..
One pro of a continental climate and its impact on viticulture is that the extremes in temperature will cause the cooler times to slow grape development. This in turn results in a longer growing season that produces riper and more flavorful fruit. Regions with continental climates more often than not tend to have vineyards in higher altitude areas. Temperatures at higher elevations are cooler which is a great benefit in hot zones..
A con of the continental climate in the vineyard is the danger of frost. If frost forms during grapevine flowering it could damage the flower and the flower is essential for grape formation. (MORE)