The selection of judges to state courts is variable.
Appointed:California, Maine, New Jersey, Virginia
Merit Selection:Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Wyoming
Nonpartisans Election: Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Washington, Wisconsin
Partisan Election:Alabama, Illinois, Louisiana, New Mexico, New York, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia
Governor or Legislative Appointment: In 4 states, judges are appointed by the
governor or (in South Carolina and Virginia) the legislature. Gubernatorial appointments
usually require the consent of the upper house of the legislature or the participation of a special commission such as an executive council. In most of these states, judges serve a term (ranging from 6 to 14 years) and then may be reappointed in the same manner. In Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Rhode Island, judges enjoy lifetime or near-lifetime tenure.
Merit Plan: In 23 states, judges are nominated by a nonpartisan commission, and
then appointed by the governor. Judges serve a term and then are subject to a retention election, where they run alone, and voters can either approve another term or vote against them. Terms vary but on the whole are less than those in appointment states.
Nonpartisan Election: In 15 states, judges run for election. Their political
affiliations are not listed on the ballot, and so voters, unless specifically informed, do not know a candidate's political party. These judges serve a term and then may run for
reelection. The terms range from 6 to 10 years.
Partisan Election: In 8 states, judges run for election as a member of a political
party. They serve a term in the range of 6 to 10 years for the most part and then may run for reelection.
Whether a state judge is elected or appointed depends on the state. Some states elect judges and some are appointed by the governor.
In the U.S., it varies by state. Federal judges are not elected; they are appointed.
No, state judges are either elected or appointed.
No. All Federal judges are appointed, but most state judges are elected to office.
Some states have elected judges. It depends on the state. Federal judges are all appointed.
Federal court judges are appointed by the president and confirmed by the senate. State court judges are elected or appointed depending on the state's system.
Judges may be appointed by the governor to fill a vacancy until the term is up for election, but normally they are elected.
Illinois judges are elected.
supreme court justices are appointed by the president' state judges are either elected or appointed by the governor
They are appointed.
Depending on the state, they are either appointed or elected.
It depends on the state. Some states elect, some states appoint.
It can depend on the laws of the particular state. In some states they are elected, in others they can be appointed by the Governor.
Local judges are generally elected, but federal judges are appointed.
State Judges are elected and re-elected by the voters of that State. The Judges run a campaign just like a politician and their names are on the ballots where people cast their votes. Federal Judges are appointed by the President with the "advice and consent" of the Senate.
Federal Judges are appointed for life, Circuit Judges are elected to office for a 6 year term. This could vary by state.
This is the judicial branch: federal courts and the US Supreme Court. Unlike local, county, and state judges, federal judges are not elected. They are either appointed by the President and confirmed by the US Senate (e.g. district judges, appeals judges) or appointed through a vote by district judges (e.g. magistrate judges).
Judges in Canada are appointed and not elected.
In NC judges are elected, not appointed.
At the federal level, judges aren't elected but rather appointed for lifetime terms. State-level judges are governed by their state laws, but generally there aren't any term limits.
Appointed by the Governor. (See http://www.mainelegislature.org/legis/statutes/4/title4sec157.html)
No, while federal judges hold their appointments during "good behavior", state judges do not necessarily have that luxury. Some state judges are elected.